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Genesis Ten: The Descendants of Noah
SATURDAY, January 3
Lesson: The Descendants of Noah

I. Read Genesis 10.

SUNDAY, January 4
Lesson: He Made from One Man Every Nation

I. Read Genesis 10:1: “Now these are the records of the generations of Shem, Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah; and sons were born to them after the flood.”
 A. God made all nations from one man Noah.
  1. Genesis 9:18,19: “Now the sons of Noah who came out of the ark were Shem and Ham and Japheth; and Ham was the father of Canaan. These three were the sons of Noah; and from these the whole earth was populated.”
  2. Acts 17:24-31: “The God who made the world and all things in it, since He is Lord of heaven and earth, does not dwell in temples made with hands; nor is He served by human hands, as though He needed anything, since He Himself gives to all people life and breath and all things; and He made from one man, every nation of mankind to live on all the face of the earth, having determined their appointed times, and the boundaries of their habitation, that they should seek God, if perhaps they might grope for Him and find Him, though He is not far from each one of us; for in Him we live and move and exist, as even some of your own poets have said, ‘For we also are His children.’ Being then the children of God, we ought not to think that the Divine Nature is like gold or silver or stone, an image formed by the art and thought of man. Therefore having overlooked the times of ignorance, God is now declaring to men that all people everywhere should repent, because He has fixed a day in which He will judge the world in righteousness through a Man whom He has appointed, having furnished proof to all men by raising Him from the dead.”
 B. Shem would be the father of the Jewish and Arabian people. Ham fathered the dark skinned races. Japheth fathered the people of Europe, America, and parts of Asia.
 C. This account of the descendants of Noah was given just as they relate to God’s people, for the Bible is a written account of the church’s history. The people, places, and events that are mentioned within its pages that are not of the church, therefore, are mentioned solely for the purpose of showing how God used them in relation to His church which will prevail and remain, for it is divinely appointed and duly preserved for His purpose and inheritance.

MONDAY, January 5
Lesson: The Sons of Japheth

I. Read Genesis 10:2-5: “The sons of Japheth were Gomer and Magog and Madai and Javan and Tubal and Meshech and Tiras. And the sons of Gomer were Ashkenaz and Riphath and Togarmah. And the sons of Javan were Elishah and Tarshish, Kittim and Dodanim. From these the coastlands of the nations were separated into their lands, every one according to his language, according to their families, into their nations.”
 A. According to Barb Ellebrecht, Japheth is Europe; Gomer is Galatia which included Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah, Mid Asia Minor; Magog is Scythia, Russia between the Black Sea and the Caspian; Madai is Media west of the Caspian sea; Javan is Greece [Elishah (Elis, Aeolia, Peloponnesus), Tarshish (Caria, Cilicia, Sardinia), Kittim (Cyprus), and Dodanim (Greek Isles)]; Tubal is Iberia; Meshech is Cappadocia which is the eastern part of Asia Minor; and Tiras is Thracia, Italy. In the North and West of Asia and in Europe this included the Germans, Gauls, Cimbrians, Cappadocians, Scythians, Muscovites, Medes, Hindoos, Greeks, Italians, Iberians, Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Cyprians, and Thracians.
 B. The descendants of Japheth occupied the coastlands, which helps us understand the following verses about Jesus coming to the Gentiles.
  1. Isaiah 42:1,4: “Behold, My Servant, whom I uphold; My chosen one in whom My soul delights. I have put My Spirit upon Him; He will bring forth justice to the nations…. He will not be disheartened or crushed, until He has established justice in the earth; and the coastlands will wait expectantly for His law.”
  2. Isaiah 51:5: “My righteousness is near, My salvation has gone forth, and My arms will judge the peoples; the coastland will wait for Me, and for My arm they will wait expectantly.”
 C. Remember that we, Gentiles, are united with the church and are now of God’s household.
  1. Genesis 9:27: “May God enlarge Japheth, and let him dwell in the tents of Shem…”
  2. Ephesians 2:11-22: “Therefore remember, that formerly you, the Gentiles in the flesh, who are called ‘Uncircumcision’ by the so-called ‘Circumcision,’ which is performed in the flesh by human hands—remember that you were at that time separate from Christ, excluded from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers to the covenants of promise, having no hope and without God in the world. But now in Christ Jesus you who formerly were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ. For He Himself is our peace, who made both groups into one, and broke down the barrier of the dividing wall, by abolishing in His flesh the enmity, which is the Law of commandments contained in ordinances, so that in Himself He might make the two into one new man, thus establishing peace, and might reconcile them both in one body to God through the cross, by it having put to death the enmity. And He came and preached peace to you who were far away, and peace to those who were near; for through Him we both have our access in one Spirit to the Father. So then you are no longer strangers and aliens, but you are fellow citizens with the saints, and are of God’s household, having been built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus Himself being the corner stone, in whom the whole building, being fitted together is growing into a holy temple in the Lord; in whom you also are being built together into a dwelling of God in the Spirit.”

TUESDAY, January 6
Lesson: The Sons of Ham
I. Read Genesis 10:6-20: “And the sons of Ham were Cush and Mizraim and Put and Canaan. And the sons of Cush were Seba and Havilah and Sabtah and Raamah and Sabteca; and the sons of Raamah were Sheba and Dedan. Now Cush became the father of Nimrod; he became a mighty one on the earth. He was a mighty hunter before the Lord; therefore it is said, ‘Like Nimrod a mighty hunter before the Lord.’ And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel and Erech and Accad and Calneh, in the land of Shinar. From that land he went forth into Assyria, and built Nineveh and Rehoboth-Ir and Calah, and Resen between Nineveh and Calah; that is the great city. And Mizraim became the father of Ludim and Anamim and Lehabim and Naphtuhim and Pathrusim and Casluhim (from which came the Philistines) and Caphtorim. And Canaan became the father of Sidon, his firstborn, and Heth and the Jebusite and the Amorite and the Girgashite and the Hivite and the Arkite and the Sinite and the Arvadite and the Zemarite and the Hamathite; and afterward the families of the Canaanite were spread abroad. And the territory of the Canaanite extended from Sidon as you go toward Gerar, as far as Gaza; as you go toward Sodom and Gomorrah and Admah and Zeboiim, as far as Lasha. These are the sons of Ham, according to their families, according to their languages, by their lands, by their nations.”
 A. According to Barb Ellebrecht, the sons of Ham occupied Africa. Cush is Ethiopia, which included Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah-Dedan and Sheba, Sabtechah, and Nimrod, which was Babylonia. Mizraim was Egypt, which included Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim, Pathrusim, Casluhim-Philistim and Caphtorim-Crete. Put was Libya. Canaan was Palestine, which included Sidon, Heth-Hittites, Jebusites, Amorites, Girgasites, Hivites, Arkites, Sinites, Arvadites, Zemarites, and the Hamathites. In Syria, Arabia and Africa, this included the Canaanites, Libyans, Philistines, Egyptians, Ethiopians, Babylonians, Sabeaens, Cretans, and Arabians.
 B. Cush, the father of Nimrod, was the prince of Ethiopia. Nimrod began to be “a mighty one on the earth” referring to his violence in overtaking his neighbors to bring him power, that ever since, those who are both violent and powerful are referred to as those who are like Nimrod. He was a mighty hunter, hunting down his neighbor and his neighbors’ possessions to make them his own. In defiance to God, he had a tower built to represent his dominion, not only over his neighbor but over God as well, setting up a religion that placed himself on the throne in God’s place, as indeed Babel became known as the mother of harlots.
  1. Revelations 17:1-5: “And one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls came and spoke with me, saying, ‘Come here, I shall show you the judgment of the great harlot who sits on many waters, with whom the kings of the earth committed acts of immorality, and those who dwell on the earth were made drunk with the wine of her immorality.’ And he carried me away in the Spirit into a wilderness; and I saw a woman sitting on a scarlet beast, full of blasphemous names, having seven heads and ten horns. And the woman was clothed in purple and scarlet, and adorned with gold and precious stones and pearls, having in her hand a gold cup full of abominations and of the unclean things of her immorality, and upon her forehead a name was written, a mystery, ‘Babylon the great, the mother of harlots and of the abominations of the earth.’”
 C. And when God put a stop to the building of his monument, Nimrod left to go to Assyria where he proceeded to build Nineveh. As we will soon read, even though God brought judgment upon Nimrod, he continued to rebel against God, as his ambitious nature led him to build another city and lord it over those people, as well. An ambitious nature, unless curtailed and subjected to the Lord, can in no other way be contained, for it knows no bounds and is never satisfied.

WEDNESDAY, January 7
Lesson: Canaan’s Divine Judgment
I. Read Genesis 10:15-20: “Canaan became the father of Sidon, his firstborn, and Heth and the Jebusite and the Amorite and the Girgashite and the Hivite and the Arkite and the Sinite and the Arvadite and the Zemarite and the Hamathite; and afterward the families of the Canaanite were spread abroad. And the territory of the Canaanite extended from Sidon as you go toward Gerar, as far as Gaza; as you go toward Sodom and Gomorrah and Admah and Zeboiim, as far as Lasha. These are the sons of Ham, according to their families, according to their languages, by their lands, by their nations.”
 A. Canaan, although both plentiful and prosperous, was destined for destruction by divine appointment as we read earlier when Canaan was cursed by Noah.
  1. Genesis 9:25-27: “So he said, ‘Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants he shall be to his brothers.’ He also said, ‘Blessed be the Lord, the God of Shem; and let Canaan be his servant. May God enlarge Japheth, and let him dwell in the tents of Shem; and let Canaan be his servant.’”
 B. God exalts and destroys nations for His purpose and glory. So although the wicked may prosper and become seemingly indestructible, their prosperity is but for a season allotted by God, until He deems it best to bring judgment, at which time, it will be both swift and final.
 1. Ezekiel 9:1: “Then He cried out in my hearing with a loud voice saying, ‘Draw near, O executioners of the city, each with his destroying weapon in his hand.’”
 2. Nahum 1:1-12: “The oracle of Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite. A jealous and avenging God is the Lord; the Lord is avenging and wrathful. The Lord takes vengeance on His adversaries, and He reserves wrath for His enemies. The Lord is slow to anger and great in power, and the Lord will by no means leave the guilty unpunished. In whirlwind and storm is His way, and clouds are the dust beneath His feet. He rebukes the sea and makes it dry; He dries up all the rivers. Bashan and Carmel wither; the blossoms of Lebanon wither. Mountains quake because of Him, and the hills dissolve; indeed the earth is upheaved by His presence, the world and all the inhabitants in it. Who can stand before His indignation? Who can endure the burning of His anger? His wrath is poured out like fire, and the rocks are broken up by Him. The Lord is good, a stronghold in the day of trouble, and He knows those who take refuge in Him. But with an overflowing flood He will make a complete end of its site, and will pursue His enemies into darkness. Whatever you devise against the Lord, He will make a complete end of it. Distress will not rise up twice. Like tangled thorns, and like those who are drunken with their drink, they are consumed as stubble completely withered. From you has gone forth one who plotted evil against the Lord, a wicked counselor. Thus says the Lord, ‘Though they are at full strength and likewise many, even so, they will be cut off and pass away. Though I have afflicted you, I will afflict you no longer.’”
 C. It is important to note that it is God who places nations where He wants them, for He is sovereign over all people and all nations.
  1. Genesis 10:32: “These are the families of the sons of Noah, according to their genealogies, by their nations; and out of these the nations were separated on the earth after the flood.”
  2. Genesis 11:9: “Therefore its name was called Babel, because there the Lord confused the language of the whole earth; and from there the Lord scattered them abroad over the face of the whole earth.”
  3. Deuteronomy 32:8: “When the Most High gave the nations their inheritance, when He separated the sons of man, He set the boundaries of the peoples according to the number of the sons of Israel.”
 D. Never take God’s longsuffering for granted, for when God strikes, He strikes with a swiftness that is final. We must impress upon our children that this life is but a vapor; thus, we must spend our short time on earth preparing for the eternity to come. Death comes to all and can come at any stage in life, so that we must be prepared to meet our Maker at every step we take on this earth.

THURSDAY, January 8
Lesson: The Sons of Shem

I. Read Genesis 10:21-32: “And also to Shem, the father of all the children of Eber, and the older brother of Japheth, children were born. The sons of Shem were Elam and Asshur and Arpachshad and Lud and Aram. The sons of Aram were Uz and Hul and Gether and Mash. And Arpachshad became the father of Shelah; and Shelah became the father of Eber. And two sons were born to Eber; the name of the one was Peleg, for in his days the earth was divided; and his brother’s name was Joktan. And Joktan became the father of Almodad and Sheleph and Hazarmaveth and Jerah and Hadoram and Uzal and Diklah and Obal and Abimael and Sheba and Ophir and Havilah and Jobab; all these were the sons of Joktan. Now their settlement extended from Mesha as you go toward Sephar, the hill country of the east. These are the sons of Shem, according to their families, according to their languages, by their lands, according to their nations. These are the families of the sons of Noah, according to their genealogies, by their nations; and out of these the nations were separated on the earth after the flood.”
 A. According to Barb Ellebrecht, Shem was Asia, which included Elam-Susiana; Asshur-Assyria as these were the plains of Mesopotamia; Arphaxad-Chaldea which included Shelah, Eber, Peleg, Reu, Serug, Nahor, Terah, which begot Abram who begot Isaac, Nahor, and Haran, who begot Lot, Joktan, Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, Hadoram, Uzal Diklah, Obal Abimael, Sheba, Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab; Lud-Lydia; and Aram-Syria who begot Uz, Hul, Gether and Mash. In the east and Southern Asia, this included the Assyrians, Chaldeans, Hebrews, Lydians, Syrians, Persians, and Mongolians.
 B. Shem was given great honor by being described here as the father of all the children of Eber (Heber) because Abraham was the descendant of Heber, and from him came the covenant people of God, which are called the Hebrews. And from this we can ascertain that Heber must have been devoted to our Lord, truly a man of God for God to name His chosen children by his name. Note though that Heber’s grandchildren were not devoted to God, having left that precious faith for want of other gods until God called out Abraham from his despotic home.
  1. Genesis 14:13: “Then a fugitive came and told Abram the Hebrew…”
  2. Exodus 3:18: “And they will pay heed to what you say; and you with the elders of Israel will come to the king of Egypt, and you will say to him, ‘The Lord, the God of the Hebrews, has met with us.’”
  3. Exodus 9:1: “Then the Lord said to Moses, ‘Go to Pharaoh and speak to him, “Thus says the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, ‘Let My people go, that they may serve Me.’”’”
  4. Philippians 3:3-5: “… put no confidence in the flesh, although I myself might have confidence even in the flesh. If anyone else has a mind to put confidence in the flesh, I far more: circumcised the eighth day, of the nation of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew of Hebrews.”
 C. Truly Shem was very honored to be called the father of the Hebrews. This is quite different from Ham the father of Canaan, which was an abomination before the Lord. Both were princes of royal descent, one from this world and one from another. This can also be compared to the twelve princes of Ishmael to the twelve patriarchs that arose out of Jacob. Truly, a family of saints is far more to be praised than a family of princes and kings, for one is perishing while the other will remain for eternity. What will God be able to say of our seed and the posterity that we ourselves leave upon this earth to our future generations?
 D. Moses goes on to say that Shem was the older brother of Japheth, not the brother of Ham who had been cut off from that godly inheritance that can only come through the blood and brotherhood of Christ, in which signifies the covenant of grace that was brought upon the descendants of Japheth that they too would be blessed as God’s covenant children. Although we are born into families here on earth, brothers and sisters made from the blood of Christ are indeed the only relationships that will remain throughout eternity.