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Genesis Four: Cain and Abel

SATURDAY, September 6
Memorize Thy Word: Psalm 51:17,19: “The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit; a broken and a contrite heart, O God, Thou wilt not despise…. Then Thou wilt delight in righteous sacrifices …”
Memorize: The Gospels
Lesson: Introduction

 1. Read Genesis 4.

SUNDAY, September 7
Memorize Thy Word: Psalm 51:17,19
Memorize: The Gospels
Lesson: Cain Murders Abel

 1. Read Genesis 4:1,2: “And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, ‘I have gotten a man from the Lord.’ And she again bare his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.” (KJV)
  A. Notice here that Eve is acknowledging that children are from the Lord. She certainly remembered that children were God’s first blessing to them, and indeed His blessing to us and all mankind. We need to continue to reiterate this fact to our children, as this is contrary to all that they will hear from the world.
   1. Genesis 1:28: “And God blessed them; and God said to them, ‘Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth …’”
   2. Psalm 127:3-5: “Behold, children are a gift of the Lord; the fruit of the womb is a reward. Like arrows in the hand of a warrior, so are the children of one’s youth. How blessed is the man whose quiver is full of them …”
 2. Read Genesis 4:3-5: “So it came about in the course of time that Cain brought an offering to the Lord of the fruit of the ground. And Abel, on his part also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of their fat portions. And the Lord had regard for Abel and for his offering; but for Cain and for his offering He had no regard. So Cain became very angry and his countenance fell.”
  A. At first glance, this may seem unfair, but we can be certain that God is always just, upright, and righteous in everything He does.
   1. Deuteronomy 32:3,4: “For I proclaim the name of the Lord; ascribe greatness to our God! The Rock! His work is perfect, for all His ways are just; a God of faithfulness and without injustice, righteous and upright is He.”
  B. Although Adam and Eve deserved death for their sins, God had mercifully provided a sacrifice to cover their sins, both as a sign that pointed to their hope of salvation, and as a divinely appointed act of worship that they should follow so as to point all of God’s children to that same hope of salvation. Sacrifice means “an offering made to God by killing and burning some animal upon an altar, as an acknowledgment of His power and providence, or to make atonement for sin, appease His wrath or conciliate His favor, or to express thankfulness for his benefits…. A sacrifice differs from an oblation; the latter being an offering of a thing entire or without change as tithes or first fruits; whereas sacrifice implies a destruction or killing, as of a beast. Sacrifices are expiatory, impetratory, and eucharistical; that is, atoning for sin, seeking favor, or expressing thanks.” So, when we realize that God made the first sacrifice for Cain’s own parents, to show them that their sins could only be forgiven through the shedding of innocent blood, and also to instruct them to do likewise, coupled with the facts that the firstlings of the flock were always considered the best one had to offer and that the fat portions were always the Lord’s, we can fully understand that Cain’s offering of fruit was contrary to God’s requirement for the forgiveness of his sins, whereas Abel brought what God required of him.
   1. Hebrews 9:22: “And according to the Law, one may almost say, all things are cleansed with blood, and without shedding of blood there is no forgiveness.” (Almost, because there were exceptions that were permitted. These are written in Leviticus 5:11-13; Numbers 16:46; and Numbers 31:50.)
   2. Leviticus 3:2,16: “And he shall lay his hand on the head of his offering and slay it at the doorway of the tent of meeting, and Aaron’s sons, the priests, shall sprinkle the blood around on the altar…. And the priest shall offer them up in smoke on the altar as food, an offering by fire for a soothing aroma; all fat is the Lord’s.”
   3. Numbers 18:17b: “You shall sprinkle their blood on the altar and shall offer up their fat in smoke as an offering by fire, for a soothing aroma to the Lord.”
   4. Ezekiel 44:15: “But the Levitical priests … shall come near to Me to minister to Me; and they shall stand before Me to offer Me the fat and the blood.”
   5. Hebrews 9:28: “So Christ also, having been offered once to bear the sins of many …”
   6. 1 Peter 1:18,19: “Knowing that you were not redeemed with perishable things like silver or gold from your futile way of life inherited from your forefathers, but with precious blood, as of a lamb unblemished and spotless, the blood of Christ.”
  C. Obviously, Cain did not have faith in God and His providence for the propitiation of our sins, namely Jesus Christ, who was promised to His children for the forgiveness of their sins. Propitiation means “the atonement or atoning sacrifice offered to God to assuage His wrath and render Him propitious to sinners. Christ is the propitiation for the sins of men.” Propitious means “disposed to be gracious or merciful; ready to forgive sins and bestow blessings; applied to God.”
   1. For in Hebrews 11:1-4,6 we are told that “faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen. For by it the men of old gained approval. By faith we understand that the worlds were prepared by the word of God, so that what is seen was not made out of things which are visible. By faith Abel offered to God a better sacrifice than Cain, through which he obtained the testimony that he was righteous, God testifying about his gifts, and through faith, though he is dead, he still speaks…. And without faith it is impossible to please Him, for he who comes to God must believe that He is, and that He is a rewarder of those who seek Him.”
   2. Romans 1:17: “For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith; as it is written, ‘But the righteous man shall live by faith.’” Or “But he who is righteous by faith shall live.”
   3. Romans 3:23-26: “For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, being justified as a gift by His grace through the redemption which is in Christ Jesus; whom God displayed publicly as a propitiation in His blood through faith. This was to demonstrate His righteousness, because in the forbearance of God He passed over the sins previously committed; for the demonstration, I say, of His righteousness at the present time, that He might be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus.”
   4. Romans 4:2-9: “For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about; but not before God. For what does the Scripture say? ‘And Abraham believed God, and it was reckoned to him as righteousness.’ Now to the one who works, his wage is not reckoned as a favor, but as what is due. But to the one who does not work, but believes in Him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is reckoned as righteousness, just as David also speaks of the blessing upon the man to whom God reckons righteousness apart from works: ‘Blessed are those whose lawless deeds have been forgiven, and whose sins have been covered. Blessed is the man whose sin the Lord will not take into account’… Faith was reckoned to Abraham as righteousness.”
  D. After the Fall, enslaved to sin and in total depravity, without God, man is powerless to want salvation, to will salvation, or even to seek God. For it is faith in Jesus Christ that cleanses us from sin and purifies our hearts, not by anything we ourselves are capable of performing, but only through God’s unmerited gracious gift of grace.
   1. Acts 15:8,9,11: “And God, who knows the heart, bore witness to them, giving them the Holy Spirit, just as He also did to us; and He made no distinction between us and them, cleansing their hearts by faith…. But we believe that we are saved through the grace of the Lord Jesus, in the same way as they also are.”
   2. Romans 3:23,24: “For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, being justified as a gift by His grace through the redemption which is in Christ Jesus.”
   3. Ephesians 2:1-9: “And you were dead in your trespasses and sins, in which you formerly walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, of the spirit that is now working in the sons of disobedience. Among them we too all formerly lived in the lusts of our flesh, indulging the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, even as the rest. But God, being rich in mercy, because of His great love with which He loved us, even when we were dead in our transgressions, made us alive together with Christ (by grace you have been saved), and raised us up with Him, and seated us with Him in the heavenly places, in Christ Jesus, in order that in the ages to come He might show the surpassing riches of His grace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus. For by grace you have been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God; not as a result of works, that no one should boast.”
   4. Romans 11:36: “For from Him and through Him and to Him are all things. To Him be the glory forever. Amen.”
  E. Really, Cain offered God the fruits of unbelief.
  F. Rebellion doesn’t begin in the act—it begins in the heart before one acts. Throughout scripture, God tells us that He is interested in our hearts, not in outward appearances of holiness, and not in external acts of worship, which are offensive to Him. Behold, God tells us that obedience is better than sacrifice. It was Cain’s heart that God judged. Indeed, Cain’s sacrifice was just a manifestation of his rebellious heart.
   1. 1 Samuel 16:7: “But the Lord said to Samuel, ‘Do not look at his appearance or at the height of his stature, because I have rejected him; for God sees not as man sees, for man looks at the outward appearance, but the Lord looks at the heart.”
   2. Cain actually despised God’s grace, which became obvious in what he offered of himself to the Lord. He mocked the offering of the Lord, as did the sons of Eli.
    a. 1 Samuel 2:12-17: “Now the sons of Eli were worthless men; they did not know the Lord and the custom of the priests with the people. When any man was offering a sacrifice, the priest’s servant would come while the meat was boiling, with a three-pronged fork in his hand. Then he would thrust it into the pan, or kettle, or caldron, or pot; all that the fork brought up the priest would take for himself. Thus they did in Shiloh to all the Israelites who came there. Also, before they burned the fat, the priest’s servant would come and say to the man who was sacrificing, ‘Give the priest meat for roasting, as he will not take boiled meat from you, only raw.’ And if the man said to him, ‘They must surely burn the fat first, and then take as much as you desire,’ then he would say, ‘No, but you shall give it to me now; and if not, I will take it by force.’ Thus the sin of the young men was very great before the Lord, for the men despised the offering to the Lord.”
   3. God requires total devotion and obedience to Him.
    a. The Lord rejected Saul from being king over Israel because he had rejected God’s command to utterly destroy the sinners, the Amalekites, but instead spared the king of Amalek and allowed the people to take “some of the spoil, sheep and oxen, the choicest of the things devoted to destruction, to sacrifice to the Lord” (1 Samuel 15:21). This may seem okay because the people were going to sacrifice them to the Lord, but Samuel responds with God’s rebuke to this lack of complete obedience in 1 Samuel 15:22,23: “Has the Lord as much delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices as in obeying the voice of the Lord? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, and to heed than the fat of rams. For rebellion is as the sin of divination, and insubordination is as iniquity and idolatry. Because you have rejected the word of the Lord, He has also rejected you from being king.”
   4. In Nehemiah’s absence, the spiritual condition of the remnant rapidly degenerated into a spiritual stupor. Although they were still bringing their offerings to the Lord, they were not being obedient to Him either. Listen to God’s rebuke to His people through Malachi 1:6-10: “‘A son honors his father, and a servant his master. Then if I am a father, where is My honor? And if I am a master, where is My respect?’ says the Lord of hosts to you, O priests who despise My name. But you say, ‘How have we despised Thy name?’ You are presenting defiled food upon My altar. But you say, ‘How have we defiled Thee?’ In that you say, ‘The table of the Lord is to be despised.’ But when you present the blind for sacrifice, is it not evil? And when you present the lame and sick, is it not evil? Why not offer it to your governor? Would he be pleased with you? Or would he receive you kindly?’ says the Lord of hosts. ‘But now will you not entreat God’s favor, that He may be gracious to us? With such an offering on your part, will He receive any of you kindly?’ says the Lord of hosts. ‘Oh that there were one among you who would shut the gates, that you might not uselessly kindle fire on My altar! I am not pleased with you,’ says the Lord of hosts, ‘nor will I accept an offering from you.’”
    a. We must examine ourselves to determine if we are pleasing the Lord by offering Him the honor and respect He deserves each day. Are we giving to God what He requires of us—our best—or what we have left over after we have given to everyone and everything else? For we should give God the best of all that we have, including our time, our gifts, and our service.
    b. Let us also remember, that no matter how glorious our offering to God may appear to us, if we do not offer it according to God’s direction, He will reject it.
   5. Abel was righteous because God had his heart. God despises mere lip service and the outward appearance of righteousness when the heart is far from Him. For this hypocrisy truly mocks God.
    a. Matthew 15:8,9: “This people honors Me with their lips, but their heart is far away from Me. But in vain do they worship Me, teaching as doctrines the precepts of men.”
    b. Matthew 23:25-39: “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you clean the outside of the cup and of the dish, but inside they are full of robbery and self-indulgence. You blind Pharisee, first clean the inside of the cup and of the dish, so that the outside of it may become clean also. Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you are like whitewashed tombs which on the outside appear beautiful, but inside they are full of dead men’s bones and all uncleanness. Even so you too outwardly appear righteous to men, but inwardly you are full of hypocrisy and lawlessness…. You serpents, you brood of vipers, how shall you escape the sentence of hell? Therefore, behold, I am sending you prophets and wise men and scribes; some of them you will kill and crucify, and some of them you will scourge in your synagogues, and persecute from city to city, that upon you may fall the guilt of all the righteous blood shed on earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zechariah … whom you murdered between the temple and the altar…. O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, who kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to her! How often I wanted to gather your children together, the way a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, and you were unwilling. Behold, your house is being left to you desolate! For I say to you, from now on you shall not see Me until you say, ‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!’”
    c. Psalm 51:17,19: “The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit; a broken and a contrite heart, O God, Thou wilt not despise…. Then Thou wilt delight in righteous sacrifices, in burnt offering and whole burnt offering.”
   6. To sacrifice means “to give up one’s own rights for another; to surrender for obliging another.” Hence, to worship God in sincerity and truth, we must offer up ourselves as living sacrifices to God—giving up our own desires for God’s.
    a. Romans 12:1: “I urge you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living and holy sacrifice, acceptable to God, which is your spiritual service of worship.”
    b. Galatians 2:20: “I have been crucified with Christ; and it is no longer I who live, but Christ lives in me; and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me, and delivered Himself up for me.”
    c. 1 Peter 2:5: “You also, as living stones, are being built up as a spiritual house for a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.”
   7. This act of worship shows us that Cain and Abel were accustomed to worshipping God, and that their father, as the priest of their home, had offered sacrifices to their heavenly Father on their behalf before. Indeed, it was the father’s responsibility to pass this divine command down to each generation.
    a. Genesis 8:20: “Then Noah built an altar to the Lord, and took of every clean animal and of every clean bird and offered burnt offerings on the altar.”
    b. Genesis 12:7: “And the Lord appeared to Abram … so he built an altar there to the Lord who had appeared to him.”
    c. Genesis 22:13: “Then Abraham … went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering in the place of his son.”
    d. Genesis 26:25: “So he [Isaac] built an altar there, and called upon the name of the Lord.”
    e. Genesis 33:20: “Then he [Jacob] erected there an altar …”
   8. Fathers, as priests of our homes, let us be diligent to fulfill our responsibilities faithfully, that we too follow God’s commands and instruct our children to always keep the ways of the Lord
    a. Genesis 18:19: “For I have chosen him, in order that he may command his children and his household after him to keep the way of the Lord by doing righteousness and justice; in order that the Lord may bring upon Abraham what He has spoken about him.”
    b. Also read Deuteronomy 6:6,7; Proverbs 22:6; Proverbs 23:13; Proverbs 29:15; and Ephesians 6:4.
    c. And let it be said of each of us that, “True instruction was in his mouth, and unrighteousness was not found on his lips; he walked with Me in peace and uprightness, and he turned many back from iniquity. For the lips of a priest should preserve knowledge, and men should seek instruction from his mouth; for he is the messenger of the Lord of hosts” (Malachi 2:6,7).
   9. Let us use these lessons as warnings to our children, that when we ask them to do something, although we do expect them to obey our voice and carry out our commands faithfully, if in their hearts they are not totally submitting to us, it is not obedience, but like Cain, just an outward act of obedience.
 3. Read Genesis 4:5-8: “But for Cain and for his offering He had no regard. So Cain became very angry and his countenance fell. Then the Lord said to Cain, ‘Why are you angry? And why has your countenance fallen? If you do well, will not your countenance be lifted up? And if you do not do well, sin is crouching at the door; and its desire is for you, but you must master it.’ And Cain told Abel his brother. And it came about when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother and killed him.”
  A. First of all, let us realize that nothing, not even a look upon our face, goes unnoticed by God. God knew Cain’s heart, and that is what He judged. Cain’s offering was rejected because of Cain’s rebellious heart towards God. The wicked often try to justify their sins and appease God, while elevating themselves among the righteous by offering great works and external sacrifices, yet God considers even the most glorious sacrifices to be an abomination. We must realize that we are justified by Christ’s sacrifice, not by our own, for only through Christ can our sacrifice be accepted by God. In the King James Version Genesis 4:7 reads, “If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted?” Here God is reproving Cain for the mockery of his offering, while instructing all that if their offering is offered rightly, namely through faith in His Son Jesus Christ, will it not be accepted and approved by Him. However, again we see the rebellion in Cain’s heart and his anger towards God. Cain knew why God was displeased with him, yet instead of being humbled and repentant, Cain became envious of the regard God had for Abel’s offering, and thus nurtured his self-pity and envy to the point of becoming very angry. Therefore God pronounced judgment upon Cain that by indulging his greatest adversary, he would become a slave to all forms of wickedness, which indeed he did, as we see the hideous results of uncontrolled envy and anger. That is why God tells each of us in James 4:7 to “Submit therefore to God. Resist the devil and he will flee from you,” so that God masters us and not sin. Cain, instead of submitting therefore to God and resisting the devil, gave himself over to his lusts. From there we see the consequences of unrepented envy and anger which culminates in the act of murder, and in this case, the shedding of blood; but remember, God tells us that if we hate our brother even in our hearts, that it, too, is murder. However, we must also realize that no matter how much Cain tried to do what was right, only by the grace and power of the Holy Spirit of God, through having faith in God’s mercy and grace for his sins, would he have been able to do what was commanded of him.
   1. 1 John 3:10-15: “By this the children of God and the children of the devil are obvious: anyone who does not practice righteousness is not of God, nor the one who does not love his brother. For this is the message which you have heard from the beginning, that we should love one another; not as Cain, who was of the evil one, and slew his brother. And for what reason did he slay him? Because his deeds were evil, and his brother’s were righteous. Do not marvel, brethren, if the world hates you. We know that we have passed out of death into life, because we love the brethren. He who does not love abides in death. Everyone who hates his brother is a murderer; and you know that no murderer has eternal life abiding in him.”
   2. Proverbs 15:8-10: “The sacrifice of the wicked is an abomination to the Lord, but the prayer of the upright is His delight. The way of the wicked is an abomination to the Lord, but He loves him who pursues righteousness. Stern discipline is for him who forsakes the way; he who hates reproof will die.”
   3. James 3:13-18: “Who among you is wise and understanding? Let him show by his good behavior his deeds in the gentleness of wisdom. But if you have bitter jealousy and selfish ambition in your heart, do not be arrogant and so lie against the truth. This wisdom is not that which comes down from above, but is earthly, natural, demonic. For where jealousy and selfish ambition exist, there is disorder and every evil thing. But the wisdom from above is first pure, than peaceable, gentle, reasonable, full of mercy and good fruits, unwavering, without hypocrisy. And the seed whose fruit is righteousness is sown in peace by those who make peace.”
  B. Look at the stark difference between Cain and David, who was also guilty of murder, but whose heart was broken before the Lord and who sought God’s presence and joy once again.
   1. Psalm 51:7-14,17-19: “Purify me … and I shall be clean; wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow. Make me to hear joy and gladness, let the bones which Thou hast broken rejoice. Hide Thy face from my sins, and blot out all my iniquities. Create in me a clean heart, O God, and renew a steadfast spirit within me. Do not cast me away from Thy presence, and do not take Thy Holy Spirit from Me. Restore to me the joy of Thy salvation, and sustain me with a willing spirit…. Deliver me from bloodguiltiness, O God, Thou God of my salvation; then my tongue will joyfully sing of Thy righteousness…. The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit; a broken and a contrite heart, O God, Thou wilt not despise…. Then Thou wilt delight in righteous sacrifices, in burnt offering and whole burnt offering …”
  C. And finally, see the far-reaching consequences of our sins. Because of Adam and Eve’s seemingly harmless sin of eating the forbidden fruit, enmity was placed between the seed of the serpent and the seed of the woman, which brought death, not only to their righteous son, but to all the righteous martyrs thereafter.
   1. Jesus, in addressing the hypocritical Pharisees and scribes, says, “You serpents … upon you may fall the guilt of all the righteous blood shed on earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zechariah …” (Matthew 23:33-35).
  D. All those who shed the blood of innocent righteous men of God are sons of the serpent, for they battle against God’s holy ones and murder them. Abel was the seed of God and Cain the seed of the serpent.
   1. 1 John 3:12: “Not as Cain, who was of the evil one, and slew his brother. And for what reason did he slay him? Because his deeds were evil, and his brother’s were righteous.”
   2. Galatians 4:29: “But as at that time he who was born according to the flesh persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit, so it is now also.”
  E. Jude warns us against those who creep in unnoticed that have gone the way of Cain, who turn the grace of God into licentiousness. It is extremely important that the body guards itself against such ones.
   1. Jude 1: “Jude, a bond-servant of Jesus Christ … to those who are the called, beloved in God the Father, and kept for Jesus Christ … I felt the necessity to write to you appealing that you contend earnestly for the faith which was once for all delivered to the saints. For certain persons have crept in unnoticed, those who were long beforehand marked out for this condemnation, ungodly persons who turn the grace of our God into licentiousness and deny our only Master and Lord, Jesus Christ. Now I desire to remind you, though you know all things once for all, that the Lord, after saving a people out of the land of Egypt, subsequently destroyed those who did not believe. And angels who did not keep their own domain, but abandoned their proper abode, He has kept in eternal bonds under darkness for the judgment of the great day. Just as Sodom and Gomorrah and the cities around them, since they in the same way as these indulged in gross immorality and went after strange flesh, are exhibited as an example, in undergoing the punishment of eternal fire. Yet in the same manner these men, also by dreaming, defile the flesh, and reject authority, and revile angelic majesties. But Michael the archangel, when he disputed with the devil and argued about the body of Moses, did not dare pronounce against him a railing judgment, but said, ‘The Lord rebuke you.’ But these men revile the things which they do not understand; and the things which they know by instinct, like unreasoning animals, by these things they are destroyed. Woe to them! For they have gone the way of Cain, and for pay they have rushed headlong into the error of Balaam, and perished in the rebellion of Korah. These men are those who are hidden reefs in your love feasts when they feast with you without fear, caring for themselves; clouds without water, carried along by winds; autumn trees without fruit, doubly dead, uprooted; wild waves of the sea, casting up their own shame like foam; wandering stars, for whom the black darkness has been reserved forever. And about these also Enoch, in the seventh generation from Adam, prophesied saying, ‘Behold, the Lord came with many thousands of His holy ones, to execute judgment upon all, and to convict all the ungodly of all their ungodly deeds which they have done in an ungodly way, and of all the harsh things which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him.’ These are grumblers, finding fault, following after their own lusts; they speak arrogantly, flattering people for the sake of gaining an advantage. But you, beloved, ought to remember the words that were spoken beforehand by the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ, that they were saying to you, ‘In the last time there shall be mockers, following after their own ungodly lusts.’ These are the ones who cause divisions, worldly-minded, devoid of the Spirit. But you, beloved, building yourselves up on your most holy faith; praying in the Holy Spirit; keep yourselves in the love of God, waiting anxiously for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ to eternal life. And have mercy on some, who are doubting; save others, snatching them out of the fire; and on some have mercy with fear, hating even the garment polluted by the flesh. Now to Him who is able to keep you from stumbling, and to make you stand in the presence of His glory blameless with great joy, to the only God our Savior, through Jesus Christ our Lord, be glory, majesty, dominion and authority, before all time and now and forever. Amen.”

MONDAY, September 8
Memorize Thy Word: Psalm 51:17,19
Memorize: The Gospels
Lesson: Cain Did Not Repent of His Sin

 1. Read Genesis 4:9: “Then the Lord said to Cain, ‘Where is Abel your brother?’ And he said, ‘I do not know. Am I my brother’s keeper?’”
  A. Let us again realize that it is impossible to conceal our sins from God. God does not need to interrogate us; He instead inquires to urge us to confess that which we commit against our Lord. Let us also fully understand that if we are to be forgiven, we must not only confess our sins, but forsake them as well.
   1. Proverbs 28:13: “He who conceals his transgressions will not prosper, but he who confesses and forsakes them will find compassion.”
   2. 1 John 1:9: “If we confess our sins, He is faithful and righteous to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.”
   3. Repentance is “real penitence; sorrow or deep contrition for sin, as an offense and dishonor to God, a violation of His holy law and is accompanied and followed by amendment of life. Repentance is a change of mind or a conversion from sin to God. Repentance is the relinquishment of any practice, from conviction that it has offended God.”
   4. Having remorse or feeling regret or wishing things were different is a sorrow that is sorry of the consequences—but that is not repentance. “For the sorrow that is according to the will of God produces a repentance without regret, leading to salvation; but the sorrow of the world produces death” (2 Corinthians 7:10).
   5. Repentance comes from the Greek metanoia, which means “to change one’s mind or purpose.” Meta is part of the word metamorphosis, which means, “change of form, shape, transformation.” For us it means to sacrifice our self and all our selfish desires and submit to the will of our Father. Jesus says, “It anyone wishes to come after Me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross daily, and follow Me. For whoever wishes to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for My sake, he is the one who will save it. For what is a man profited if he gains the whole world, and loses or forfeits himself? For whoever is ashamed of Me and My words, of him will the Son of Man be ashamed when He comes in His glory, and the glory of the Father and of the holy angels” (Luke 9:23-26).
   6. Isaiah 55:7: “Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts; and let him return to the Lord, and He will have compassion on him; and to our God, for He will abundantly pardon.”
   7. All sin is against God and His holy law, and although God is longsuffering, we must not abuse His grace. Webster understood the covenant of grace as that by which God engages to bestow salvation on man, upon the condition that man shall believe Christ and yield obedience to the terms of the Gospel.
  B. Like Cain, not only do the wicked not humble their wicked hearts to beg God’s forgiveness for their sins, but instead, they sin again and again to cover their sins, as Cain did by lying to God, and with furious indignation, goes on to dishonor God even more by responding with, “Am I my brother’s keeper?” Wow! How pride and the deceitfulness of sin hardens our hearts against all that is just and good. Here is the Almighty God who could have obliterated Cain on the spot for what he had done, but instead of begging His pardon for this abomination, Cain, filled with the deceitfulness of sin, flies in the face of God. Cain knew from his father Adam what had been the consequences of his own sin and that of the serpent who had deceived him, yet he flew himself headlong into deeper sin.
  C. All of our responses reflect what is truly in our hearts. Let us be careful of the words that we utter, for God tells us that we will be held accountable for every word that proceeds from our mouths.
   1. Matthew 12:34-37: “For the mouth speaks out of that which fills the heart. The good man out of his good treasure brings forth what is good; and the evil man out of his evil treasure brings forth what is evil. And I say to you, that every careless word that men shall speak, they shall render account for it in the day of judgement. For by your words you shall be justified, and by your words you shall be condemned.”
   2. Luke 6:45: “The good man out of the good treasure of his heart brings forth what is good; and the evil man out of the evil treasure brings forth what is evil; for his mouth speaks from that which fills his heart.”
   3. Matthew 15:18-20: “But the things that proceed out of the mouth come from the heart, and those defile the man. For out of the heart come evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, slanders. These are the things which defile the man …”
  D. Are we our brother’s keeper?
   1. Philippians 2:3,4: “Do nothing from selfishness or empty conceit, but with humility of mind let each of you regard one another as more important than himself; do not merely look out for your own personal interests, but also for the interests of others.”
   2. 2 Corinthians 1:3,4: “… God of all comfort; who comforts us in all our affliction so that we may be able to comfort those who are in any affliction with the comfort with which we ourselves are comforted by God.”
   3. 2 Corinthians 12:15: “And I will most gladly spend and be expended for your souls.”
   4. Galatians 6:1,2: “Brethren, even if a man is caught in any trespass, you who are spiritual, restore such a one in a spirit of gentleness; each one looking to yourself, lest you too be tempted. Bear one another’s burdens, and thus fulfill the law of Christ.”
   5. Ephesians 4:1-3: “I, therefore … entreat you to walk in a manner worthy of the calling with which you have been called, with all humility and gentleness, with patience, showing forbearance to one another in love, being diligent to preserve the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace.”
   6. Ephesians 4:29-32: “Let no unwholesome word proceed from your mouth, but only such a word as is good for edification according to the need of the moment, that it may give grace to those who hear…. Let all bitterness and wrath and anger and clamor and slander be put away from you, along with all malice. And be kind to one another, tender-hearted, forgiving each other, just as God in Christ also has forgiven you.”
   7. Colossians 3:12,13: “And so, as those who have been chosen of God, holy and beloved, put on a heart of compassion, kindness, humility, gentleness and patience; bearing with one another, and forgiving each other, whoever has a complaint against anyone; just as the Lord forgave you, so also should you.”
   8. 1 Thessalonians 5:14: “And we urge you, brethren, admonish the unruly, encourage the fainthearted, help the weak, be patient with all men.”
   9. Hebrews 3:13: “But encourage one another day after day, as long as it is still called ‘Today,’ lest any one of you be hardened by the deceitfulness of sin.”
   10. 1 John 3:17,18: “But whoever has the world’s goods, and beholds his brother in need and closes his heart against him, how does the love of God abide in him? Little children, let us not love with word or with tongue, but in deed and truth.”
   11. 1 John 4:21: “And this commandment we have from Him, that the one who loves God should love his brother also.”

TUESDAY, September 9
Memorize Thy Word: Psalm 51:17,19
Memorize: The Gospels
Lesson: Cain Is Cursed

 1. Read Genesis 4:10-12: “And He said, ‘What have you done? The voice of your brother’s blood is crying to Me from the ground. And now you are cursed from the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother’s blood from your hand. When you cultivate the ground, it shall no longer yield its strength to you; you shall be a vagrant and a wanderer on the earth.’”
  A. God deems life so precious that He requires blood to avenge the shedding of innocent blood.
   1. Numbers 35:33: “So you shall not pollute the land in which you are; for blood pollutes the land and no expiation can be made for the land for the blood that is shed on it, except by the blood of him who shed it.”
   2. Deuteronomy 21:1-9: “If a slain person is found lying in the open country in the land which the Lord your God gives you to possess, and it is not known who has struck him, then your elders and your judges shall go out and measure the distance to the cities which are around the slain one. And it shall be that the city which is nearest to the slain man, that is, the elders of that city, shall take a heifer of the herd, which has not been worked and which has not pulled in a yoke; and the elders of that city shall bring the heifer down to a valley with running water, which has not been plowed or sown, and shall break the heifer’s neck there in the valley. Then the priests, the sons of Levi, shall come near, for the Lord your God has chosen them to serve Him and to bless in the name of the Lord; and every dispute and every assault shall be settled by them. And all the elders of that city which is nearest to the slain man shall wash their hands over the heifer whose neck was broken in the valley; and they shall answer and say, ‘Our hands have not shed this blood, nor did our eyes see it. Forgive Thy people Israel whom Thou hast redeemed, O Lord, and do not place the guilt of innocent blood in the midst of Thy people Israel.’ And the bloodguiltiness shall be forgiven them. So you shall remove the guilt of innocent blood from your midst, when you do what is right in the eyes of the Lord.”
    a. If God requires this for a man who is found dead, what judgment will we reap for the premeditated murder of all the innocent babies whose lives have been slaughtered by abortion?
   3. Hebrews 12:22-24 speaks of the contrast between Sinai and Mount Zion: “But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God … and to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood, which speaks better than the blood of Abel.”
  B. This verse also explicitly shows us that although the perpetrator had seemingly removed the thorn in his side, though Abel is now dead, yet his spirit lives, and even the earth cries out to God to avenge Abel’s innocent slaughter. Though men may silence God’s chosen by death, yea their cries reach God’s presence; and to be sure, God will avenge them.
   1. Revelation 6:9-11: “And when He broke the fifth seal, I saw underneath the altar the souls of those who had been slain because of the word of God, and because of the testimony which they had maintained; and they cried out with a loud voice, saying, ‘How long, O Lord, holy and true, wilt Thou refrain from judging and avenging our blood on those who dwell on the earth?’ And there was given to each of them a white robe; and they were told that they should rest for a little while longer, until the number of their fellow servants and their brethren who were to be killed even as they had been, should be completed also.”
  C. This holds true among the living as well. For though the sons of disobedience try to silence us by slander, false accusations, persecution, and even imprisonment, they do not go unnoticed by our heavenly Father who sees and hears all. That is why we can rest in His promises that God will vindicate His chosen ones.
   1. Romans 1:18: “For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who suppress the truth in unrighteousness.”
   2. Deuteronomy 32:35,36: “Vengeance is Mine, and retribution, in due time their foot will slip; for the day of their calamity is near, and the impending things are hastening upon them. For the Lord will vindicate His people, and will have compassion on His servants; when He sees that their strength is gone, and there is none remaining, bond or free.”
   3. 2 Corinthians 4:8-17: “We are afflicted in every way, but not crushed; perplexed, but not despairing; persecuted, but not forsaken; struck down, but not destroyed … For we who live are constantly being delivered over to death for Jesus’ sake, that the life of Jesus also may be manifested in our mortal flesh…. knowing that He who raised the Lord Jesus will raise us also with Jesus … Therefore we do not lose heart … For momentary, light affliction is producing for us an eternal weight of glory far beyond all comparison.”
  D. Even the ground cries out to God for the innocent blood that has been shed, thus the curse: “And now you are cursed from the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother’s blood from your hand. When you cultivate the ground, it shall no longer yield its strength to you; you shall be a vagrant and a wanderer on the earth.” Cain was condemned to a life of futility, disgrace, and wandering where he would never find peace.
   1. Job 20:27: “The heavens will reveal his iniquity, and the earth will rise up against him.”
   2. The consequences of disobedience are as follows in Deuteronomy 28:15-19, 37-40, 45-47, 64-67: “But it shall come about, if you will not obey the Lord your God, to observe to do all His commandments and His statutes with which I charge you today, that all these curses shall come upon you and overtake you. Cursed shall you be in the city, and cursed shall you be in the country. Cursed shall be your basket and your kneading bowl…. Cursed shall be … the produce of your ground … Cursed shall you be when you come in, and cursed shall you be when you go out…. And you shall become a horror, a proverb, and a taunt among all the people where the Lord will drive you. You shall bring out much seed to the field but you shall gather in little, for the locust shall consume it. You shall plant and cultivate vineyards, but you shall neither drink of the wine nor gather the grapes, for the worm shall devour them. You shall have olive trees throughout your territory but you shall not anoint yourself with the oil, for your olives shall drop off…. So all these curses shall come on you and pursue you and overtake you until you are destroyed, because you would not obey the Lord your God by keeping His commandments and His statutes which He commanded you. And they shall become a sign and a wonder on you and your descendants forever. Because you did not serve the Lord your God with joy and a glad heart, for the abundance of all things … Moreover, the Lord will scatter you among all peoples, from one end of the earth to the other end of the earth … And among those nations you shall find no rest, and there shall be no resting place for the sole of your foot; but there the Lord will give you a trembling heart, failing of eyes, and despair of soul. So your life shall hang in doubt before you; and you shall be in dread night and day, and shall have no assurance of your life. In the morning you shall say, ‘Would that it were evening!’ And at evening you shall say, ‘Would that it were morning!’ because of the dread of your heart which you dread, and for the sight of your eyes which you shall see.”
  E. There is no rest, or peace, or comfort for the wicked because sin enslaves and torments and drives the sinner on, all while the sinner reaps the guilt and shame and fear of sinning against the Holy Creator of all. There is no peace when one violates God’s laws, for it goes against His order. All wickedness is an abomination in the sight of God.

WEDNESDAY, September 10
Memorize Thy Word: Psalm 51:17,19
Memorize: The Gospels
Lesson: The Mark of Cain

 1. Read Genesis 4:13,14: “And Cain said to the Lord, ‘My punishment is too great to bear! Behold, Thou hast driven me this day from the face of the ground; and from Thy face I shall be hidden, and I shall be a vagrant and a wanderer on the earth, and it will come about that whoever finds me will kill me.’ So the Lord said to him, ‘Therefore, whoever kills Cain, vengeance will be taken on him sevenfold.’ And the Lord appointed a sign for Cain, lest anyone finding him should slay him.”
  A. Here again we see the fullness of the bitterness and indignation that Cain had in his heart. Instead of realizing the enormity of his sin and repenting for sinning against God, Cain only sees the enormity of his punishment and feels sorry for himself, expressing such in complaining to God that His punishment is unfair.
   1. Lamentations 3:39-45: “Why should any living mortal, or any man, offer complaint in view of his sins? Let us examine and probe our ways, and let us return to the Lord. We lift up our heart and hands toward God in heaven; we have transgressed and rebelled, Thou hast not pardoned. Thou hast covered Thyself with anger and pursued us; Thou hast slain and hast not spared. Thou hast covered Thyself with a cloud so that no prayer can pass through. Mere offscouring and refuse Thou hast made us in the midst of the peoples.”
  B. Indeed, God removed Cain from His presence because of his wicked heart and for the bloodshed he caused.
   1. Isaiah 1:13-20: “Bring your worthless offerings no longer, incense is an abomination to Me…. I cannot endure iniquity … So when you spread out your hands in prayer, I will hide My eyes from you, yes, even though you multiply prayers, I will not listen. Your hands are covered with blood. Wash yourselves, make yourselves clean; remove the evil of your deeds from My sight. Cease to do evil, learn to do good; seek justice, reprove the ruthless; defend the orphan; plead for the widow. ‘Come now, and let us reason together,’ says the Lord, ‘Though your sins are as scarlet, they will be as white as snow; though they are red like crimson, they will be like wool. If you consent and obey, you will eat the best of the land; but if you refuse and rebel, you will be devoured by the sword.’ Truly, the mouth of the Lord has spoken.”
   2. 2 Thessalonians 1:6-9: “For after all it is only just for God to repay with affliction those who afflict you … dealing out retribution to those who do not know God and to those who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus. And these will pay the penalty of eternal destruction, away from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of His power.”
   3. There is nothing worse than being banned from God’s presence. How awful to be separated from God for all eternity.
  C. Cain was right in his understanding that once he was removed from God’s presence, he was removed from God’s protection as well. For it is God’s hand alone that protects us from all danger. And it is God alone who provides all good things, including peace; therefore, apart from God, there is no peace.
   1. Isaiah 48:22: “‘There is no peace for the wicked,’ says the Lord.”
   2. Isaiah 57:20,21: “But the wicked are like the tossing sea, for it cannot be quiet, and its waters toss up refuse and mud. ‘There is no peace,’ says my God, ‘for the wicked.’”
  D. However, as God’s children we are given a covenant of peace.
   1. Isaiah 61:8: “For I, the Lord, love justice, I hate robbery in the burnt offering; and I will faithfully give them their recompense, and I will make an everlasting covenant with them.”
   2. Isaiah 26:12: “Lord, Thou wilt establish peace for us …”
   3. Isaiah 66:12: “For thus says the Lord, ‘Behold, I extend peace to her like a river …’”
   4. Isaiah 9:6: “For a child will be born to us, a son will be given to us … And His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace.”
   5. Luke 2:14: “Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace among men with whom He is pleased.”
   6. John 14:27: “Peace I leave with you; My peace I give to you; not as the world gives, do I give to you. Let not your heart be troubled, nor let it be fearful.”
   7. Galatians 5:22: “But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace …”
   8. Ephesians 2:14-22: “For He Himself is our peace, who made both groups into one, and broke down the barrier of the dividing wall, by abolishing in His flesh the enmity, which is the Law of commandments contained in ordinances, that in Himself He might make the two into one new man, thus establishing peace, and might reconcile them both in one body to God through the cross, by it having put to death the enmity. And He came and preached peace to you who were far away, and peace to those who were near; for through Him we both have our access in one Spirit to the Father. So then you are no longer strangers and aliens, but you are fellow citizens with the saints, and are of God’s household, having been built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus Himself being the corner stone, in whom the whole building, being fitted together is growing into a holy temple in the Lord; in whom you also are being built together into a dwelling of God in the Spirit.”
   9. Philippians 4:7: “And the peace of God, which surpasses all comprehen¬sion, shall guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus.”
   10. Proverbs 3:24-26: “When you lie down, you will not be afraid; when you lie down, your sleep will be sweet. Do not be afraid of sudden fear, nor of the onslaught of the wicked when it comes; for the Lord will be your confidence, and will keep your foot from being caught.”
   11. Psalm 4:8: “In peace I will both lie down and sleep, for Thou alone, O Lord, dost make me to dwell in safety.”
   12. Isaiah 54:10: “‘For the mountains may be removed and the hills may shake, but My lovingkindness will not be removed from you, and My covenant of peace will not be shaken,’ says the Lord who has compassion on you.”
   13. Isaiah 26:2-4: “Open the gates, that the righteous nation may enter, the one that remains faithful. The steadfast of mind Thou wilt keep in perfect peace, because he trusts in Thee. Trust in the Lord forever, for in God the Lord, we have an everlasting Rock.”
  E. So when the Lord said that whoever kills Cain, vengeance will be taken on him sevenfold, it was for a sign to warn all men of the terrible judgment awaiting them if they, too, should follow in Cain’s bloody footsteps of violence. But I also believe it was a sign for us as well, that we should not interfere with the judgments of the Lord. For if we take things into our own hands, we are literally taking it out of the Lord’s.
   1. Romans 12:19: “Never take your own revenge, beloved, but leave room for the wrath of God, for it is written, ‘Vengeance is Mine, I will repay,’ says the Lord.”
   2. Hebrews 10:30,31: “…The Lord will judge His people. It is a terrifying thing to fall into the hands of the living God.”

THURSDAY, September 11
Memorize Thy Word: Psalm 51:17,19
Memorize: The Gospels
Lesson: Cain’s Descendants

 1. Read Genesis 4:16-24: “Then Cain went out from the presence of the Lord, and settled in the land of Nod, east of Eden. And Cain had relations with his wife and she conceived, and gave birth to Enoch; and he built a city, and called the name of the city Enoch, after the name of his son. Now to Enoch was born Irad; and Irad became the father of Mehujael; and Mehujael became the father of Methushael; and Methushael became the father of Lamech. And Lamech took to himself two wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other, Zillah. And Adah gave birth to Jabal; he was the father of those who dwell in tents and have livestock. And his brother’s name was Jubal; he was the father of all those who play the lyre and pipe. As for Zillah, she also gave birth to Tubal-cain, the forger of all implements of bronze and iron; and the sister of Tubal-cain was Naamah. And Lamech said to his wives, ‘Adah and Zillah, listen to my voice, you wives of Lamech, give heed to my speech, for I have killed a man for wounding me; and a boy for striking me; if Cain is avenged sevenfold, then Lamech seventy-sevenfold.’”
  A. It is interesting to note that eastward migration has been associated with defiance and rebellion against God.
   1. Genesis 3:24: “So He drove the man out; and at the east of the garden of Eden …”
   2. Genesis 13:11: “So Lot chose for himself all the valley of the Jordan; and Lot journeyed eastward.”
   3. Genesis 11:2,4: “And it came about as they journeyed east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar and settled there…. And they said, ‘Come, let us build for ourselves a city, and a tower whose top will reach into heaven, and let us make for ourselves a name; lest we be scattered abroad over the face of the whole earth.’”
  B. Nod means “wandering; exile.” It was east of Eden.
  C. That Cain went out to build himself a city seems to be in defiance to God’s judgment upon him that he should be a wanderer. It could be that he enclosed himself in his city as protection from the fear he continually faced. It seems so ironic that God’s people lived in tents, while Cain lived in a city. Yet when one is at peace with God, he finds joy and peace, along with sweet slumber, no matter where he lays his head, while the sinner will never have peace regardless of where he resides, even if it be in a fortified castle.
  D. Man tries to build a monument for his namesake, yet God says in Psalms 127:1: “Unless the Lord builds the house, they labor in vain who build it.”
  E. As God’s children, we need to be diligent to spend our time building for God.
   1. 1 Corinthians 3:9-15: “For we are God’s fellow workers; you are God’s field, God’s building. According to the grace of God which was given to me, as a wise master builder I laid a foundation, and another is building upon it. But let each man be careful how he builds upon it. For no man can lay a foundation other than the one which is laid, which is Jesus Christ. Now if any man builds upon the foundation with gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, straw, each man’s work will become evident; for the day will show it, because it is to be revealed with fire; and the fire itself will test the quality of each man’s work. If any man’s work which he has built upon it remains, he shall receive a reward. If any man’s work is burned up, he shall suffer loss; but he himself shall be saved, yet so as through fire.”
   2. Philippians 3:18-21: “For many walk, of whom I often told you, and now tell you even weeping, that they are enemies of the cross of Christ, whose end is destruction, whose god is their appetite, and whose glory is in their shame, who set their minds on earthly things. For our citizenship is in heaven, from which also we eagerly wait for a Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ; who will transform the body of our humble state into conformity with the body of His glory, by the exertion of the power that He has even to subject all things to Himself.”
  F. Here we have an account of Cain’s posterity through seven generations, yet none of his offspring are mentioned as being righteous or a part of the lineage of the righteous, and so they lived their lives in vain.
  G. It seems that Lamech was the first to lay the foundation for having more than one wife, which was a practice forbidden by God. God told Adam that the two shall become one. Also notice how rudely and arrogantly Lamech talks to his wives, again in rebellion to God’s command to husbands to love and cherish their wives. These important truths point to Christ’s relationship to His church.
   1. Ephesians 5:25-32: “Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ also loved the church and gave Himself up for her; that He might sanctify her, having cleansed her by the washing of water with the word, that He might present to Himself the church in all her glory, having no spot or wrinkle or any such thing; but that she should be holy and blameless. So husbands ought also to love their own wives as their own bodies. He who loves his own wife loves himself; for no on ever hated his own flesh, but nourishes and cherishes it, just as Christ also does the church, because we are members of His body. For this cause a man shall leave his father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife; and the two shall become one flesh. This mystery is great; but I am speaking with reference to Christ and the church.”
  H. The story of Lamech is testimony to a degenerate race, where sin goes from bad to worse. So too, when fathers sin, they give license to it, and most often children will surpass their fathers in the enormity of the sin. And, too, as sin increases, so does the boldness of the sin, as we see in Lamech, who like many men who do evil, boast of the evil they do.
  I. This is the only record in scripture of Cain’s descendants, seven generations in all, and they were cut off from any godly inheritance. Whereas, we see through God’s godly seed a perpetual lineage of godliness.
   1. Matthew 1:17: “Therefore all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; and from David to the deportation to Babylon fourteen generations; and from the deportation to Babylon to the time of Christ fourteen generations.”
 2. Read Genesis 4:25,26: “And Adam had relations with his wife again; and she gave birth to a son, and named him Seth, for she said, ‘God had appointed me another offspring in place of Abel; for Cain killed him.’ And to Seth, to him also a son was born; and he called his name Enosh. Then men began to call upon the name of the Lord.”
  A. The Hebrew word for offspring here literally means “seed,” which was the seed from whom Christ is born—the seed that would crush Satan’s head and save us from the wrath we deserve. In Luke, the scripture traces this lineage from Christ all the way back to Seth.
   1. Luke 3:23,38: “And … Jesus Himself was … the son of Joseph, the son of Eli … the son of Enosh, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God.”
 B. Fathers, look at how a father’s faithfulness influenced his son so that men began to call upon the Lord.
 C. Cain and Abel offer us a clear picture of two paths: one going in the way we want to go and the other leading to God according to His commands and desires for us.
   1. Genesis 18:19: “For I have chosen him, in order that he may command his children and his household after him to keep the way of the Lord by doing righteousness and justice; in order that the Lord may bring upon Abraham what He has spoken about him.”
   2. Genesis 17:1-8: “Now when Abram was ninety-nine years old, the Lord appeared to Abram and said to him, ‘I am God Almighty; walk before Me, and be blameless. And I will establish My covenant between Me and you, and I will multiply you exceedingly.’ And Abram fell on his face, and God talked with him, saying, ‘As for Me, behold, My covenant is with you, and you shall be the father of a multitude of nations. No longer shall your name be called Abram, but your name shall be Abraham; for I will make you the father of a multitude of nations. And I will make you exceedingly fruitful, and I will make nations of you, and kings shall come forth from you. And I will establish My covenant between Me and you and your descendants after you throughout their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be God to you and to your descendants after you. And I will give to you and to your descendants after you, the land of your sojournings, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God.’”
   3. Genesis 18:18: “Since Abraham will surely become a great and mighty nation, and in him all the nations of the earth will be blessed.”
   4. Isaiah 61: “The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me, because the Lord has anointed me to bring good news to the afflicted; He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to captives, and freedom to prisoners; to proclaim the favorable year of the Lord … to comfort all who mourn, to grant … the mantle of praise instead of a spirit of fainting. So they will be called oaks of righteousness, the planting of the Lord, that He may be glorified. Then they will rebuild … the desolations of many generations…. But you will be called the priests of the Lord; you will be spoken of as ministers of our God…. Everlasting joy will be theirs…. and I will make an everlasting covenant with them. Then their offspring will be known among the nations, and their descendants in the midst of the peoples. All who see them will recognize them because they are the offspring whom the Lord has blessed. I will rejoice greatly in the Lord … for He has clothed me with garments of salvation, He has wrapped me with a robe of righteousness … For as the earth brings forth its sprouts, and as a garden causes the things sown in it to spring up, so the Lord God will cause righteousness and praise to spring up before all the nations.”