Exodus 10 PDF Print E-mail
The Lord's Family Fellowship


(These are Jon’s sermon’s notes, not the finished product, as Jon will add much more during his preaching.)

I. Exodus 10:1-2 “Then the LORD said to Moses, ‘Go to Pharaoh, for I have hardened his heart and the heart of his servants, that I may perform these signs of Mine among them, and that you may tell in the hearing of your son, and of your grandson, how I made a mockery of the Egyptians and how I performed My signs among them, that you may know that I am the LORD.’”

A. “The ten plagues of Egypt must be inflicted, that they may be recorded for the generations to come as undeniable proofs, 1. Of God’s overruling power in the kingdom of nature, his dominion over all the creatures, and his authority to use them either as servants to his justice or sufferers by it, according to the counsel of his will. 2. Of God’s victorious power over the kingdom of Satan , to restrain the malice and chastise the insolence of his and his church’s enemies. These plagues are standing monuments of the greatness of God, the happiness of the church, and the sinfulness of sin, and standing monitors to the children of men in all ages not to provoke the Lord to jealousy nor to strive with their maker. The benefit of these instructions to the world sufficiently balances the expense.” Matthew Henry’s Commentary on Exodus, page 310

B. History is His story of the works He performed throughout time. It serves as a testimony of His faithfulness to His children and as a warning of His wrath against the wicked.

For centuries, pagan nations dreaded the God of the Hebrew people because of their historical knowledge of the plagues He brought upon Egypt —the greatest empire of the world at that time. Yet how did they know of the plagues and of the God of the Hebrews, which had occurred hundreds of years prior to their own birth? God says that He preformed that they may tell their sons and grandsons that they might know that He was Lord. So we know that the pagan nations told their sons and grandsons as well, so that all the earth would know that God was Lord. And for generations to have retained this knowledge for centuries, the fathers had to be faithful to retell the story of God’s works, over and over again.

So, fathers, we must ask ourselves if we are being as faithful as these pagan fathers in passing on the stories of God’s Providence to our own children? Do our children know of the plagues, of the destruction of nations, and of God’s dreadful wrath against all those who sin against Him? Do our children know of the Lord’s loving, merciful grace to His people? Do they have a comprehensive understanding of God’s Providential history? For throughout scripture, God commands us to remember His mighty works and to tell them to our children.

1. Psalm 135:8-13 “He smote the firstborn of Egypt , both of man and beast. He sent signs and wonders into your midst, O Egypt, upon Pharaoh and all his servants. He smote many nations and slew mighty kings, Sihon, king of the Amorites, and Og, king of Bashan, and all the kingdoms of Canaan . And He gave their land as a heritage, a heritage to Israel His people. Your name, O LORD, is everlasting, Your remembrance, O LORD, throughout all generations.”

2. 1 Samuel 4:8 “Woe to us! Who shall deliver us from the hand of these mighty gods? These are the gods who smote the Egyptians with all kinds of plagues in the wilderness.”

3. Joshua 2:9,10 “I know that the LORD has given you the land, and that the terror of you has fallen on us, and that all the inhabitants of the land have melted away before you. For we have heard how the LORD dried up the water of the Red Sea before you when you came out of Egypt, and what you did to the two kings of the Amorites who were beyond the Jordan, to Sihon and Og, whom you utterly destroyed. When we heard it, our hearts melted and no courage remained in any man any longer because of you; for the LORD your God, He is God in heaven above and on earth beneath.”

4. Psalm 105:5,6 “Remember His wonders which He has done, His marvels and the judgments uttered by His mouth, O seed of Abraham, His servant, O sons of Jacob, His chosen ones!”

5. Exodus 12:26,27 “And when your children say to you, ‘What does this rite mean to you?’ you shall say, ‘It is a Passover sacrifice to the LORD who passed over the houses of the sons of Israel in Egypt when He smote the Egyptians, but spared our homes.’ And the people bowed low and worshipped.”

6. Exodus 13:3-10 “Moses said to the people, ‘Remember this day in which you went out from Egypt , from the house of slavery; for by a powerful hand the LORD brought you out from this place. And nothing leavened shall be eaten. On this day in the month of Abib, you are about to go forth. It shall be when the LORD brings you to the land of the Canaanite, the Hittite, the Amorite, the Hivite and the Jebusite, which He swore to your fathers to give you, a land flowing with milk and honey, that you shall observe this rite in this month. For seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, and on the seventh day there shall be a feast to the LORD. Unleavened bread shall be eaten throughout the seven days; and nothing leavened shall be seen among you, nor shall any leaven be seen among you in all your borders. You shall tell your son on that day, saying, “It is because of what the LORD did for me when I came out of Egypt .” And it shall serve as a sign to you on your hand, and as a reminder on your forehead, that the law of the LORD may be in your mouth; for with a powerful hand the LORD brought you out of Egypt . Therefore, you shall keep this ordinance at its appointed time from year to year.’”

7. Deuteronomy 6:20-25 “When your son asks you in time to come, saying, ‘What do the testimonies and the statutes and the judgments mean which the LORD our God commanded you?’ then you shall say to your son, ‘We were slaves to Pharaoh in Egypt, and the LORD brought us from Egypt with a mighty hand. Moreover, the LORD showed great and distressing signs and wonders before our eyes against Egypt , Pharaoh and all his household; He brought us out from there in order to bring us in, to give us the land which He had sworn to our fathers.’ So the LORD commanded us to observe all these statutes, to fear the LORD our God for our good always and for our survival, as it is today. It will be righteousness for us if we are careful to observe all this commandment before the LORD our God, just as He commanded us.”

8. Psalm 78:1-7 “Listen O my people, to my instruction; incline your ears to the words of my mouth. I will open my mouth in a parable; I will utter dark sayings of old, which we have heard and known, and our fathers have told us. We will not conceal them from their children, but tell to the generation to come the praises of the LORD, and His strength and His wondrous works that He has done. For He established a testimony in Jacob and appointed a law in Israel, which He commanded our fathers that they should teach them to their children, that the generation to come might know, even the children yet to be born, that they may arise and tell them to their children, that they should put their confidence in God and not forget the works of God, but kept His commandments.”

C. I talk with so many fathers who tell me that they do not like to read. Yet this is not an option. As we see from scripture, it is our duty, fathers, to read so that we may know, not only of God’s mighty works in the scripture but also of His mighty works throughout history so that we may tell our children. Fathers, I recommend that you go to our Essential Reading List on our website and begin reading the marvelous works of the Lord to your children. God will hold us accountable if we fail to obey His command to remember and to tell of His Providence to our children.

D. Rushdoony warns us that, “The loss of historical memory goes hand in hand with a loss of an awareness of consequence.” Exodus page 113

For the most part, Americans know very little history except what they themselves experience or from what they watch on television. And apart from the turmoil in the Middle East , they also know very little of the consequences of sin. Even many homeschoolers possess a distorted view of the depravity of man and the evil acts he imposes on man because of their failure to study history. And because we live in a fairly civilized country, some regard God’s judgment on the Egyptians as harsh. Yet history reveals the horrid truth of man’s depravity, as all forms of debauchery existed, in a world engulfed in idolatry. Without going into too much detail, let it just be said that idolaters prostituted themselves, cut themselves, scorched themselves, offered human sacrifices, and even their own children, to appease their idols. Even though the Greek and Roman Empire are often touted as magnificent, upon careful scrutiny, they are nothing more than cultures of immorality and bloodshed.

So we may shudder at human sacrifice, especially where children are involved, but that exists presently in our own culture with abortion on demand. And no country is truly civilized who offers human sacrifices, whether they be to gods of stone or to gods of convenience and pleasure. The only vestiges of civility that remain are due to our forefathers’ faithfulness to God and the covenants they made with Him.

Indeed, if we have eyes to see, we are sadly aware of how rapidly our culture is plunging into paganism, for the signs are evident as crime and all forms of wickedness continue to escalate. One of the most visible manifestations of paganism is displayed in the immense increase in tattoos, body piercings, and immoral dress just in the last five years.

And with these increased public demonstrations of rebellion to God comes God’s judgment through drought, floods, tornadoes, earthquakes, fires…Augustine records the same increases both in Rome’s sin and in the natural disasters with which God plagued the people before Rome’s fall.

So when we think on the plagues that God wrought on Egypt , on Rome , and on America , we must not look upon them as harsh but as just punishment for sin. This is particularly important when it comes to passing on this history to our children. For we must make certain that we present God’s judgment, and subsequent destruction of the wicked, as just, holy, and necessary to our well-being.

1. Genesis 18:25 “…shall not the Judge of all the earth deal justly?”

2. Isaiah 30:18 “…For the LORD is a God of justice.”

3. Psalm 96:13 “…He will judge the world in righteousness and the peoples in His faithfulness.”

4. Isaiah 9:6,7 “For a child will be born to us, a son will be given to us; and the government will rest on His shoulders; and His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace. There will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace, on the throne of David and over his kingdom, to establish it and to uphold it with justice and righteousness from then on and forevermore. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will accomplish this.”

5. Romans 13:3,4 “For rulers are not a cause of fear for good behavior, but for evil. Do you want to have no fear of authority? Do what is good and you will have praise from the same; for it is a minister of God to you for good. But if you do what is evil, be afraid; for it does not bear the sword for nothing; for it is a minister of God, an avenger who brings wrath on the one who practices evil.”

6. Psalm 9:1-20 “I will give thanks to the LORD with all my heart; I will tell of all Your wonders. I will be glad and exult in You; I will sing praise to Your name, O Most High. When my enemies turn back, they stumble and perish before You. For You have maintained my just cause; You have sat on the throne judging righteously. You have rebuked the nations, You have destroyed the wicked; You have blotted out their name forever and ever. The enemy has come to an end in perpetual ruins, and You have uprooted the cities; the very memory of them has perished. But the LORD abides forever; He has established His throne for judgment, and He will judge the world in righteousness; He will execute judgment for the peoples with equity. The LORD also will be a stronghold for the oppressed, a stronghold in times of trouble; and those who know Your name will put their trust in You, for You, O LORD, have not forsaken those who seek You. Sing praises to the LORD, who dwells in Zion ; declare among the people His deeds. For He who requires blood remembers them; He does not forget the cry of the afflicted. Be gracious to me, O LORD; see my affliction from those who hate me, You who lift me up from the gates of death, that I may tell of all Your praises, that in the gates of the daughter of Zion I may rejoice in Your salvation. The nations have sunk down in the pit which they have made; in the net which they hid, their own foot has been caught. The LORD has made Himself known; He has executed judgment. In the work of His own hands the wicked is snared. The wicked will return to Sheol, even all the nations who forget God. For the needy will not always be forgotten, nor the hope of the afflicted perish forever. Arise, O LORD, do not let man prevail; let the nations be judged before You. Put them in fear, O LORD; Let the nations know that they are but men.”

E. So are you faithfully reading both the Old and New Testaments to your children? Have you passed on to them the consequences of your own sins and of God’s miraculous deliverance of your soul from death? Furthermore, have you told your children of the miraculous events wrought by our merciful God in His deliverance of our own country from Britain ’s mighty army?

When Great Britain imposed the Port Act on Boston’s harbor, William Prescott of Pepperell, Massachusetts called upon his fellow colonists to remember the sacrifice their forefathers made and warned them of the memories their posterity would hold of them if they failed to faithfully execute their duty to resist the tyranny that endeavored to squelch the liberty that they possessed through Christ.

1. “William Prescott…reflected the thinking of those colonists who favored independence: ‘We think, if we submit to these regulations, all is gone. Our forefathers passed the vast Atlantic spent their blood and treasure that they might enjoy their liberties, both civil and religious, and transmit them to their posterity. Their children have waded through seas of difficulty, to leave us free and happy in the enjoyment of English privileges. Now, if we should give them up, can our children rise up and call us blessed. Is a glorious death in defense of our liberties better than a short infamous life, and our memories to be had in detestation to the latest posterity? Let us all be of one heart, and stand fast in the liberties wherewith Christ hath made us free; and may he of his infinite mercy grant us deliverance out of all our troubles.’” Page 187,188 One Nation Under God by Dr. David C. Gibbs, Jr. and Jerry Newcombe

2. George Washington stated: “The hand of Providence has been so conspicuous in all this, that he must be worse than an infidel that lacks faith, and more than wicked that has not gratitude enough to acknowledge his obligations.”

F. Like Moses, our voices should be lifted up in continual praise to God for His merciful deliverance!

1. Revelation 15:1-8 “And they sang the song of Moses, the bond-servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, ‘Great and marvelous are Your works, O Lord God, the Almighty; righteous and true are Your ways, King of the nations! Who will not fear, O Lord, and glorify Your name? For You alone are holy; for all the nations will come and worship before You, for Your righteous acts have been revealed.’ After these things I looked, and the temple of the tabernacle of testimony in heaven was opened, and the seven angels who had the seven plagues came out of the temple, clothed in linen, clean and bright, and girded around their chests with golden sashes. Then one of the four living creatures gave to the seven angels seven golden bowls full of the wrath of God, who lives forever and ever. And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God and from His power; and no one was able to enter the temple until the seven plagues of the seven angels were finished.”

II. Exodus 10:3-6 “Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and said to Him, ‘Thus says the LORD, the God of the Hebrews, “How long will you refuse to humble yourself before Me? Let My people go, that they may serve Me. For if you refuse to let My people go, behold, tomorrow I will bring locusts into your territory. They shall cover the surface of the land, so that no one will be able to see the land. They will also eat the rest of what has escaped-what is left to you from the hail-and they will eat every tree which sprouts for you out of the field. Then your houses shall be filled and the houses of all your servants and the houses of all the Egyptians, something which neither your father nor your grandfathers have seen, from the day that they came upon the earth until this day.”’ And he turned and went out from Pharaoh.”

A. “Something which neither your fathers nor your grandfathers have seen” refers again to the history that would have been passed down to them from their fathers and grandfathers. The destruction from this army of locusts would remain among the people’s minds for years. For the locusts would cover all the land, and God adds ‘that no one will be able to see the land’ so that we would know that it was all the land. Furthermore, He makes us to understand that they will eat everything else left after the hail damage, so that even the trees will be eaten by them. The Egyptians’ destruction is nearly complete.

III. Exodus 10:7-11 “Pharaoh’s servants said to him, ‘How long will this man be a snare to us? Let the men go, that they may serve the LORD their God. Do you not realize that Egypt is destroyed?’ So Moses and Aaron were brought back to Pharaoh, and he said to them, ‘Go, serve the LORD your God! Who are the ones that are going?’ Moses said, ‘We shall go with our young and our old; with our sons and our daughters, with our flocks and our herds we shall go, for we must hold a feast to the LORD.’ Then he said to them, ‘Thus may the LORD be with you, if ever I let you and your little ones go! Take heed, for evil is in your mind. Not so! Go now, the men among you, and serve the LORD, for that is what you desire.’ So they were driven out from Pharaoh’s presence.”

A. The Egyptians knew that Egypt was destroyed. They saw the destruction wrought by the former plagues on their landscape, on their food production, on their entire economy. Famine was inevitable. And what other plagues might God bring upon them, they wondered. So those who served Pharaoh begged him to let who go?

Interestingly, even though they knew Egypt was destroyed, even they were not willing to completely submit to God’s Word to let all of the Israelites go. And thus they said, ‘Let the men go.’ And hence, Pharaoh asked, who was going. So Moses faithfully rendered the whole command to Pharaoh, delineating that young and old, sons and daughters, flocks and herds shall go. But Pharaoh was still unwilling to let God’s people completely slip out of his hands. Thus he would only allow the men to go, for they would surely come back to their wives, children, and herds.

Truly God’s people had become a heavy stone around the Egyptians’ necks, yet just as Satan is loathe to allow any to slip from his chains, Pharaoh refused to let all of them depart for fear of losing them completely.

It could truly be said that Pharaoh hated God. Yet mark that God says that all who hate Him love death.

1. Zechariah 12:3 “It will come about in that day that I will make Jerusalem a heavy stone for all the peoples; all who lift it will be severely injured. And all the nations of the earth will be gathered against it.”

2. Proverbs 8:36 “But he who sins against me injures himself; all those who hate Me love death.”

B. God’s commandments are unalterable-set in stone, so to speak-the stone tablets of the Law, which He summed up in the greatest commandment.

1. Deuteronomy 6:4-7 “Hear, O Israel ! The LORD is our God, the LORD is one! You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might. These words, which I am commanding you today, shall be on your heart. You shall teach them diligently to your sons and shall talk of them when you sit in your house and when you walk by the way and when you lie down and when you rise up.”

2. Matthew 22:36,37 “‘Teacher, which is the great commandment in the Law?’ And He said to him, ‘You shall love the LORD your GOD with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind.’”

C. Satan desires to wrest everything from God, as we saw in the beginning, when his magicians attempted to alter God’s physical creation through turning the Nile into blood and calling frogs upon the land. So he certainly has no intention of losing his control over the families and their private property.

Even today, Satan attempts to gain sovereign control over family, private property, and God as we can see from the Communist Manifesto:

1. “Abolition of property in land and application of all rents of land to public purposes.”

2. “A heavy progressive or graduated income tax.”

3. “Abolition of all rights of inheritance.”

4. “Confiscation of the property of all emigrants and rebels.”

5. “Centralization of credit in the hands of the state, by means of a national bank with State capital and an exclusive monopoly.”

6. “Centralization of the means of communication and transport in the hands of the State.”

7. “Extension of factories and instruments of production owned by the State; the bringing into cultivation of waste-lands, and the improvement of the soil generally in accordance with a common plan.”

8. “Equal liability of all to work. Establishment of industrial armies, especially for agriculture.”

9. “Combination of agriculture with manufacturing industries; gradual abolition of all the distinction between town and country by a more equable distribution of the populace over the country.”

10. “Free education for all children in public schools. Abolition of children’s factory labour in its present form. Combination of education with industrial production, &c, &c.”

11. “When, in the course of development, class distinctions have disappeared, and all production has been concentrated in the hands of a vast association of the whole nation, the public power will lose its political character. Political power, properly so called, is merely the organized power of one class for oppressing another. If the proletariat during its contest with the bourgeoisie is compelled, by the force of circumstances, to organize itself as a class, if, by means of a revolution, it makes itself the ruling class, and, as such, sweeps away by force the old conditions of production, then it will, along with these conditions, have swept away the conditions for the existence of class antagonisms and of classes generally, and will thereby have abolished its own supremacy as a class.”

12. “In place of the old bourgeois society, with its classes and class antagonisms, we shall have an association, in which the free development of each is the condition for the free development of all.”

D. Even our own American history was looked upon as a contest between Satan and God.

1. “One Massachusetts clergyman, Abraham Keteltas, declared in 1777: ‘The most precious remains of civil liberty the world can now boast of, are lodged in our hands…(This war is) the cause of truth, against error and falsehood…the cause of pure and undefiled religion, against bigotry, superstition, and human inventions…In short, it is the cause of heaven against hell-of the kind Parent of the universe against the prince of darkness, and the destroyer of the human race.’” One Nation Under God by David Gibbs Jr. page 202,203

E. Reverend Joseph Sewall was “always ready to look for underlying causes and strongly attached to his province. Sewall readily supported the patriot cause and permitted his meetinghouse to become a shrine of the American cause. In Charles Chauncy’s words, Sewall ‘was a strenuous asserter of our civil and ecclesiastical charter-rights and privileges…He knew they were the purchase of our forefathers at the expense of much labor, blood, and treasure. He could not bear the thought of their being wrested out of our hands. He esteemed it our duty, in all wise, reasonable, and legal ways to endeavor the preservation of them…’” And so in a fast-day sermon preached before Massachusetts governor, the council, and the house of representatives on December 3, 1740 entitled Nineveh’s Repentance and Deliverance, he expressed: “Let us then be sensible of the destroying evil of sin, and the necessity of true repentance. God speaks to us this day as to his people of old, ‘Thine own wickedness shall correct thee, and thy Backslidings shall reprove thee: know therefore and see, that it is an evil thing and bitter that thou has forsaken the Lord thy God, and that my fear is not in thee, saith the Lord God of hosts, Jeremiah 2:19…’ Let us all be exhorted to turn, every one from his evil way, and to engage heartily in the necessary work of reformation. This is our great duty and interest this day, as we would hope to be made instruments in God’s hand of saving our selves and this people. Let us then seriously consider that we have to do with that God who is able to save and to destroy. And settle that word in our hearts as a certain truth. ‘When he giveth quietness, who then can make trouble? And when he hideth his Face, who then can behold him? Whether it be done against a Nation, or against a man only.’ Job 34:19. And accordingly, let us turn from all sin to the LORD, and in this way hope and wait for his salvation…May our ascended Jesus, who has received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost pour out his great blessing upon the whole land and fulfill that word, ‘Then will I sprinkle clean Water upon you, and ye shall be clean; for all your filthiness and from all your idols will I cleanse you. A new heart also will I give you, and a new Spirit will I put within you, and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you a heart of flesh. And I will put my Spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them. And ye shall dwell in the land that I gave to your fathers, and ye shall be my people, and I will be your God.’ Ezekiel 35:25-28. Blessed be the Lord, his spirit has been, we hope, moving on the hearts of many to convince and awaken them. O let us not resist and quench the Spirit! Lest the threatening denounced against the sinners of the old world, should be fulfilled on us… And surely, if we duely consider the state of this sinful, distressed people, we shall be constrained to say with the prophet, ‘It is time to seek the Lord, till he come and rain righteousness upon you.’ Hosea 10:12 And then our fervent prayers, let us unite our best endeavours with regard to our selves, our families, and this people, that all iniquity may be put far from us, and that we may become zealous of good works. In this way, we might hope God would say of us as of the remnant of Judah; ‘Then will I build you, and not pull you down, and I will plant you, and not pluck you up; for I repent me of the evil I have done unto you…’ My fathers! Suffer the word of exhortation: Let God see your works; that you turn from every evil way; that God may also repent of the evil and not bring it upon us. For how dreadful must it be if the example of the nobles and men of Nineveh should rise up in judgment against any of you: they repented at the preaching ‘of one Prophet sent to them by God, you have Moses and the Prophets’; Yea in these last days God has spoken to us by his son that prince of the prophets, who is God manifest in the flesh. You have the sacred writings of the New Testament, in which God reveals his wrath against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men; and also his grace and mercy to the penitent by a redeemer. And as the judge of all the earth hath advanced you to rule over his people; so he declareth to you in his word, ‘That they who rule over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God’; and requireth you to lead in the work of reformation by your example and by the right use of that power with which he hath betrusted you…As God has exalted you above your brethren, let your light shine before them, that others seeing your good works may glorify your heavenly Father, and be excited to follow you. Let all that behold you, see your pious regards to God’s worship and ordinances, his day and hours. Do your utmost that the worship of God may be maintained in the power and purity of it, among this people. Let all due care be taken that men may fear this glorious and fearful name…and not presume to take it in vain. Let the Lord’s day be strictly observed; for God hath set the Sabbath as a sign between him and his people, that he is the Lord who sanctifieth them. Let the most effectual means also be used that the great abuse of taverns may be reformed; that these be not converted into tipling and gaming houses for town-dwellers, to the dishonour of God and hurt of the common-wealth. Let the fountains of justice be kept open and pure, that judgment may run down as waters, and that such as thirst after righteousness may come freely, and be refreshed. And whereas the present difficulties which embarrass our affairs, do very much arise from the want of a suitable medium of trade, and different apprehensions in the legislature about supplying the treasury, whereby the publick debts are, in part at least, left unpaid, and the country naked and defenseless, in this day of calamity and war: I can’t but humbly apprehend, that this awful frown of Providence calls aloud to you further to consider, whether there has not been great injustice and oppression with relation to the bills of publick credit which have passed among us, from their sinking and uncertain value; and to use your best endeavours that whatever bills shall pass for time to come in lieu of money, may be a just medium of exchange; for a false balance is abomination to the Lord; but a just weight in his delight. Proverbs 11:1 Whatever methods may be proposed to extricate us out of our present distress, justice and equity must be laid in the foundation, or we may expect that the Lord who loves righteousness and hates wickedness, will confound our devices, and bring them to nought…May that God before whom all things are open and naked, direct Your Excellency and the whole court, into such paths of righteousness as shall lead to our deliverance and safety…” Political Sermons of the Founding Era 1730-1805 edited by Ellis Sandoz pages 26, 44-50

F. Our forefathers warn us of the importance of studying scripture to understand God’s principles of government and exhorts us to stand firmly upon these principles of liberty.

1. In response to the British Parliament’s proposal to impose their state religion on the Colonists, making the Church of England America’s State Church, Reverend Jonathan Mayhew stated in his sermon particularly selected to oppose this tyranny, “It is hoped that but few will think the subject of (freedom) an improper one to be discoursed on in the pulpit, under a notion that this is preaching politics, instead of Christ. However, to remove all prejudices of this sort, I beg it may be remembered that ‘all Scripture is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness.’ Why, then, should not those parts of Scripture which relate to civil government be examined and explained from the desk, as well as others?...Civil tyranny is usually small in its beginning, like ‘the drop of a bucket,’ till at length, like a mighty torrent, or the raging waves of the sea, it bears down all before it, and deluges whole countries and empires.” He concluded: “It is evident that the affairs of civil government may properly fall under a moral and religious consideration…For, although there be a sense, and very plain and important sense, in which Christ’s kingdom is not of this world, his inspired apostles have, nevertheless, laid down some general principles concerning the office of civil rulers, and the duty of subjects, together with the reason and obligation of that duty…It is proper for all who acknowledge the authority of Jesus Christ, and the inspiration of his apostles, to endeavor to understand what is in fact the doctrine which they have delivered concerning this matter.” From One Nation Under God page 206, 207

G. Now let us return to Pharaoh’s response to Moses, “Thus may the LORD be with you, if ever I let you and your little ones go! Take heed, for evil is in your mind. Not so! Go now, the men among you, and serve the LORD, for that is what you desire.” So they were driven out from Pharaoh’s presence.

Pharaoh’s vehement prohibition of allowing the children to leave his control and Moses’ subsequent refusal to allow the Israelites’ children to remain in Egypt reveals the antithesis that exists even today—the question of who controls the children. God made that point quite clear here. God’s people absolutely cannot leave their children in the world—which Egypt represents. God shares His sovereign control with no one and thus separates His people from the world. Therefore, as Christians we must separate our children from the world.

Parents cannot expect their children to enter the Promised Land if they leave them behind in Egypt , which is at enmity with God.

H. To leave children in Egypt also implies allowing children to have their own way, which is in direct opposition to God’s command to parents to train their children in the ways of the Lord. How many parents do you know who allow their children to listen to ungodly music, see ungodly movies, associate with ungodly children yet desire for them to follow the Lord? How many dislike their children’s attitudes but refrain from removing them from their church’s youth group from fear of losing their children because of their decision, when they should instead be in fear over losing their children’s souls?

Let us refrain from being proud, but instead humbly praise God for drawing us to this understanding, or we would be where so many others are now. But with this understanding, let us share this revelation that God has graciously bestowed on us.

1. Genesis 18:19 “For I have chosen him, so that he may command his children and his household after him to keep the way of the LORD by doing righteousness and justice, so that the LORD may bring upon Abraham what He has spoken about him.”

2. Deuteronomy 6:6,7 “These words, which I am commanding you today, shall be on your heart. You shall teach them diligently to your sons and shall talk of them when you sit in your house and when you walk by the way and when you lie down and when you rise up.”

3. Proverbs 22:6 “Train up a child in the way he should go.”

4. Ephesians 6:4 “Fathers, do not provoke your children to anger, but bring them up in the discipline and instruction of the Lord.”

5. Colossians 3:20 “Children, be obedient to your parents in all things, for this is well-pleasing to the Lord.”

IV. Exodus 10:12-15 “Then the LORD said to Moses, ‘Stretch out your hand over the land of Egypt for the locusts, that they may come up on the land of Egypt and eat every plant of the land, even all that the hail has left.’ So Moses stretched out his staff over the land of Egypt , and the LORD directed an east wind on the land all that day and all that night; and when it was morning, the east wind brought the locusts. The locusts came up over all the land of Egypt and settled in all the territory of Egypt ; they were very numerous. There had never been so many locusts, nor would there be so many again. For they covered the surface of the whole land, so that the land was darkened; and they ate every plant of the land and all the fruit of the trees that the hail had left. Thus nothing green was left on tree or plant of the field through all the land of Egypt .”

A. Although God is slow to anger, his judgment is swift and complete; therefore, let us fear the Lord’s wrath if we remain obstinate in leaving our own sin.

1. Malachi 3:5 “‘Then I will draw near to you for judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers and against the adulterers and against those who swear falsely, and against those who oppress the wage earner in his wages, the widow and the orphan, and those who turn aside the alien and do not fear Me,’ says the LORD of hosts.”

2. Psalm 105:34,35 “He spoke, and locusts came, and young locusts, even without number, and ate up all vegetation in their land, and ate up the fruit of their ground.”

3. Joel 2:11 “The LORD utters His voice before His army; surely His camp is very great, for strong is he who carries out His word. The day of the LORD is indeed great and very awesome, and who can endure it?”

V. Exodus 10:16-23 “Then Pharaoh hurriedly called for Moses and Aaron, and he said, ‘I have sinned against the LORD your God and against you. Now therefore, please forgive my sin only this once, and make supplication to the LORD your God, that He would only remove this death from me.’ He went out from Pharaoh and made supplication to the LORD. So the LORD shifted the wind to a very strong west wind, which took up the locusts and drove them into the Red Sea; not one locust was left in all the territory of Egypt . But the LORD hardened Pharaoh’s heart and he did not let the sons of Israel go. Then the LORD said to Moses, ‘Stretch out your hand toward the sky, that here may be darkness over the land of Egypt , even a darkness which may be felt.’ So Moses stretched out his hand toward the sky, and there was thick darkness in all the land of Egypt for three days. They did not see one another, nor did anyone rise from his place for three days, but all the sons of Israel had light in their dwellings.”

A. What a dreadful judgment to be engulfed in complete darkness, yet that is where all of us are before God sheds His light into our hearts. Indeed Satan keeps all in bondage, blinded to the Word of Truth and the Light of His countenance until God releases them from bondage. Yet this clearly shows that man is culpable, and will continue to choose darkness over light, and sin over obedience, until God brings him out of bondage and opens his eyes.

1. John 3:19 “This is the judgment, that the Light has come into the world, and men loved the darkness rather than the Light, for their deeds were evil.”

2. Isaiah 59:9,10 “Therefore justice is far from us, and righteousness does not overtake us; we hope for light, but behold, darkness, for brightness, but we walk in gloom. We grope along the wall like blind men, we grope like those who have no eyes; we stumble at midday as in the twilight, among those who are vigorous we are like dead men.”

3. Isaiah 59:12-14 “For our transgressions are multiplied before You, and our sins testify against us; for our transgressions are with us, and we know our iniquities. Transgressing and denying the LORD, and turning away from our God, speaking oppression and revolt, conceiving in and uttering from the heart lying words. Justice is turned back, and righteousness stands far away; for truth has stumbled in the street, and uprightness cannot enter.”

4. Job 18:5,6 “Indeed, the light of the wicked goes out, and the flame of his fire gives no light. The light in his tent is darkened, and his lamp goes out above him.”

5. 1 Samuel 2:9,10 “He keeps the feet of His godly ones, but the wicked ones are silenced in darkness; for not by might shall a man prevail. Those who contend with the LORD will be shattered; against them He will thunder in the heavens, the LORD will judge the ends of the earth; and He will give strength to His king, and will exalt the horn of His anointed.”

6. John 1:1-3 “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things came into being, through Him, and apart from Him nothing came into being that has come into being. In Him was life, and the life was the Light of men. The Light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it.”

7. Luke 4:18 “The Spirit of the LORD is upon Me, because He anointed Me to preach the gospel to the poor. He has sent Me to proclaim release to the captives, and recovery of sight to the blind, to set free those who are oppressed, to proclaim the favorable year of the LORD.”

8. John 8:12 “Then Jesus again spoke to them, saying, ‘I am the Light of the world; he who follows Me will not walk in the darkness, but will have the Light of life.’”

B. God is already loosening ‘the Bands of Wickedness, to undo the heavy Burdens, and to let the oppressed go free.’ How poignant a contrast God makes between those in the world and those whom He delivers from their bondage. For God has now shed forth His light upon His children and is ready to raise up their foundations and repair the breach between them and Him. How thankful we should be for such particular favor!

1. Proverbs 3:33 “The curse of the LORD is on the house of the wicked, but He blesses the dwelling of the righteous.”

2. Isaiah 58:6-12 “Is this not the fast which I choose, to loosen the bonds of wickedness, to undo the bands of the yoke, and to let the oppressed go free and break every yoke? Then your light will break out like the dawn, and your recovery will speedily spring forth; and your righteousness will go before you; the glory of the LORD will be your rear guard. Then you will call, and the LORD will answer; You will cry, and He will say, ‘Here I am.’ If you remove the yoke from your midst, the pointing of the finger and speaking wickedness, and if you give yourself to the hungry and satisfy the desire of the afflicted, then your light will rise in darkness and your gloom will become like midday. And the LORD will continually guide you, and satisfy your desire in scorched places, and give strength to your bones; and you will be like a watered garden, and like a spring of water whose waters do not fail. Those from among you will rebuild the ancient ruins; you will raise up the age-old foundations; and you will be called the repairer of the breach, the restorer of the streets in which to dwell.”

VI. Exodus 10:24-26 “Then Pharaoh called to Moses, and said, ‘Go, serve the LORD; only let your flocks and your herds be detained. Even your little ones may go with you.’ But Moses said, ‘You must also let us have sacrifices and burnt offerings, that we may sacrifice them to the LORD our God. Therefore, our livestock too shall go with us, not a hoof shall be left behind, for we shall take some of them to serve the LORD our God. And until we arrive there, we ourselves do not know with what we shall serve the LORD.’”

A. Time and time again, Pharaoh pressured Moses to compromise the Word of God, but unlike those who go along to get along, Moses remained firmly committed to the entirety of God’s Word because he knew that God’s terms were not negotiable.

Satan continues to pressure man to compromise the Word of God by mollifying the conscience to find middle ground, which he finds acceptable to both parties. Yet the Word is the standard by which we are to order our lives. Our duty is to do nothing more and nothing less.

Puritan Henry Smith says, “We should set the Word of God always before us, like a rule, and believe nothing but that which it teacheth, love nothing but that which it prescribeth, hate nothing but that which it forbiddeth, do nothing but that which it commandeth.”

Let us look to our predecessors who stood firmly by the standard of old and study the Word of God so that we may prevent Satan from leading us astray.

1. Jeremiah 6:16 “Thus saith the LORD, Stand ye in the ways, and see, and ask for the old paths, where is the good way, and walk therein, and ye shall find rest for your souls…”

2. 2 Timothy 3:14-17 “But continue thou in the things which thou hast learned and hast been assured of, knowing of whom thou hast learned them. And that from a child thou hast known the holy scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus. All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works.”

3. Psalm 19:7,9,10 “The law of the Lord is perfect, converting the soul… the statutes of the Law are pure and righteous altogether, more to be desired are they than gold even much fine gold.”

4. Psalm 119:46-48 “I will speak of thy testimonies also before kings, and will not be ashamed. And I will delight myself in thy commandments, which I have loved. My hands also will lift up unto thy commandments, which I have loved; and I will meditate in thy statutes.”

5. 2 Peter 3:17 “Ye therefore, beloved, seeing ye know these things before, beware lest ye also, being led away with the error of the wicked, fall from your own steadfastness.”

6. 2 Corinthians 2:11 “In order that Satan might not outwit us, for we are not unaware of his schemes.”

7. Ephesians 6:10-17 “Finally, be strong in the Lord and in the strength of His might. Put on the full armor of God, so that you will be able to stand firm against the schemes of the devil. For our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the powers, against the world forces of this darkness, against the spiritual forces of wickedness in the heavenly places. Therefore, take up the full armor of God, so that you will be able to resist in the evil day, and having done everything, to stand firm. Stand firm therefore, having girded your loins with truth, and having put on the breast plate of righteousness, and having shod your feet with the preparation of the gospel of peace; in addition to all, taking up the shield of faith with which you will be able to extinguish all the flaming arrows of the evil one. And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God.”

8. Romans 12:2 “And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.”

B. The King James Version says: ‘There shall not a hoof be left behind; for of them must we take to serve the LORD our God.’ All we possess belongs to the Lord and therefore must be used to worship Him. Our clothing, our homes, our decorations, our animals—all are under God’s dominion to be used for His glory, and subsequently, for our enjoyment! They don’t belong to the State!

1. Psalm 24:1 “The earth is the LORD’s, and all it contains, the world, and those who dwell in it.”

2. Psalm 104:24 “O LORD, how many are Your works! In wisdom You have made them all, the earth is full of Your possessions.”

3. Psalm 50:10 “For every beast of the forest is Mine, the cattle on a thousand hills.”

4. 1 Samuel 2:7 “The LORD makes poor and rich…”

5. Deuteronomy 8:18 “You shall remember the LORD your God, for it is He who is giving you power to make wealth, that He may confirm His covenant which He swore to your fathers, as it is this day.”

6. Malachi 3:8-12 “‘Will a man rob God? Yet you are robbing Me! But you say, “How have we robbed You?” In tithes and offerings. You are cursed with a curse, for you are robbing Me, the whole nation of you! Bring the whole tithe into the storehouse, so that there may be food in My house, and test Me now in this,’ says the LORD of hosts, ‘if I will not open for you the windows of heaven and pour out for you a blessing until it overflows. Then I will rebuke the devourer for you, so that it will not destroy the fruits of the ground; nor will your vine in the field cast its grapes,’ says the LORD of hosts. ‘All the nations will call you blessed, for you shall be a delightful land,’ says the LORD of hosts.”

7. Ecclesiastes 5:18,19 “Here is what I have seen to be good and fitting; to eat, to drink and enjoy oneself in all one’s labor in which he toils under the sun during the few years of his life which God has given him; for it is his reward. Furthermore, as for every man to whom God has given riches and wealth, He has also empowered him to eat from them and to receive his reward and rejoice in this labor; this is the gift of God.”

8. Psalm 8:6 “You make him to rule over the works of Your hands; You have put all things under his feet.”

9. Matthew 5:16 “Let your light shine before men in such a way that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father who is in heaven.”

C. God is Holy. Holy means “whole, entire or perfect, in a moral sense. Hence, pure in heart, temper or dispositions; free from sin and sinful affections. Perfectly just and good.”

1. Isaiah 43:3 “For I am the LORD your God, the Holy One of Israel , your Savior…”

2. Isaiah 5:16 “The LORD of hosts will be exalted in judgment, and the holy God will show Himself holy in righteousness.”

3. Psalm 99:9 “Exalt the LORD our God and worship at His holy hill, for holy is the LORD our God.”

4. Revelation 15:4 “Who will not fear, O Lord, and glorify Your name? For You alone are holy; for all the nations will come and worship before You, for your righteous acts have been revealed.”

D. Man, on the other hand, is wicked.

1. Jeremiah 17:9 “The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it?”

2. Romans 3:23 “For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God.”

3. Romans 3:10-18 “There is none righteous, not even one; there is none who understands, there is none who seeks for God; all have turned aside, together they have become useless; there is none who does good, there is not even one. Their throat is an open grave, with their tongues they keep deceiving. The poison of asps is under their lips; whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness; their feet are swift to shed blood, destruction and misery are in their paths, and the path of peace they have not known. There is no fear of God before their eyes.”

E. Yet God commands us to be holy as He is holy.

1. Leviticus 19:2 “Speak to all the congregation of the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘You shall be holy, for I the LORD your God am holy.’”

2. Leviticus 20:7,26 “You shall consecrate yourselves therefore and be holy, for I am the LORD your God.… Thus you are to be holy to Me, for I the LORD am holy; and I have set you apart from the peoples to be Mine.”

3. Exodus 19:6 “‘And you shall be to Me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.’ These are the words that you shall speak to the sons of Israel .”

4. Deuteronomy 18:13 “You shall be blameless before the LORD your God.”

5. Ephesians 1:4 “Just as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we would be holy and blameless before Him.”

6. 1 Peter 1:15,16 “But like the Holy One who called you, be holy yourselves also in all your behavior; because it is written, ‘You shall be holy, for I am holy.’”

7. 1 Thessalonians 4:7 “For God has not called us for the purpose of impurity, but in sanctification.”

F. So how can man be holy when his heart is deceitful above all else?

We can see from the last scripture, that ‘God has called us in sanctification.’ What does this mean? Sanctification means “the act of making holy. In an evangelical sense, the act of God’s grace by which the affections of men are purified or alienated from sin and the world, and exalted to a supreme love to God.” To sanctify means “to separate, set apart or appoint to a holy, sacred or religious uses. To purify; to prepare for divine service, and for partaking of holy things. To cleanse from corruption; to purify from sin. To make holy by detaching the affections from the world and its defilements, and exalting them to a supreme love of God.” Now let us go back to the meaning of holy, to see that it also means “consecrated or set apart for a holy use or to the service or worship of God. Such as a holy nation or a holy priesthood.”

1. 2 Thessalonians 2:13,14 “But we should always give thanks to God for you, brethren beloved by the Lord, because God has chosen you from the beginning for salvation through sanctification by the Spirit and faith in the truth. It was for this He called you through our gospel, that you may gain the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.”

2. Exodus 19:6 “You shall be to Me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation…”

3. 1 Peter 2:9 “You are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for God’s own possession, so that you may proclaim the excellencies of Him who has called you out of darkness into His marvelous light.”

G. ‘Of Him who called you out.’ God is calling His people out and setting them apart from the world, thus the three days’ journey. Of course this points to Christ’s three days in the earth before His triumphant resurrection and victory over death.

In the final analysis, God is taking back what rightfully belongs to Him. He is reconciling those of His who are in the world ( Egypt ) to Himself. But the only way to reconcile unholy man to a Holy God is through the shedding of blood. Thus for their worship to be acceptable to their Holy God, the Israelites must first be reconciled to Him through the atonement made by sacrifices, which also points to Christ as the sacrificial Lamb. In essence they would not be able to make their sacrifices without their herds.

1. Habakkuk 1:13 “Your eyes are too pure to approve evil, and You cannot look on wickedness with favor…”

2. Genesis 3:21 “The LORD God made garments of skin for Adam and his wife, and clothed them.”

a. As we have previously noted, God had to shed blood to cover Adam and Eve’s sins.

3. Leviticus 17:11 “For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you on the altar to make atonement for your souls; for it is the blood by reason of the life that makes atonement.”

4. Colossians 1:19,20 “For it was the Father’s good pleasure for all the fullness to dwell in Him, and through Him to reconcile all things to Himself, having made peace through the blood of His cross; through Him, I say, whether things on earth or things in heaven.”

5. Galatians 4:4 “But when the fullness of the time came, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the Law, so that He might redeem those who were under the Law, that we might receive the adoption as sons.”

6. Hebrews 9:11-22 “But when Christ appeared as a high priest of the good things to come, He entered through the greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this creation; and not through the blood of goats and calves, but through His own blood, He entered the holy place once for all, having obtained eternal redemption. For if the blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a heifer sprinkling those who have been defiled sanctify for the cleansing of the flesh, how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without blemish to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? For this reason He is the mediator of a new covenant, so that, since a death has taken place for the redemption of the transgressions that were committed under the first covenant, those who have been called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance. For where a covenant is, there must of necessity be the death of the one who made it. For a covenant is valid only when men are dead, for it is never in force while the one who made it lives. Therefore even the first covenant was not inaugurated without blood. For when every commandment had been spoken by Moses to all the people according to the Law, he took the blood of the calves and the goats, with water and scarlet wool and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book itself and all the people, saying, ‘This is the blood of the covenant which God commanded you.’ And in the same way he sprinkled both the tabernacle and all the vessels of the ministry with the blood. And according the Law, one may almost say, all things are cleansed with blood, and without shedding of blood there is no forgiveness.”

7. Romans 5:6-11 “For while we were still helpless, at the right time Christ died for the ungodly. For one will hardly die for a righteous man; though perhaps for the good man someone would dare even to die. But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. Much more then, having now been justified by His blood, we shall be saved from the wrath of God through Him. For if while we were enemies we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, much more, having been reconciled, we shall be saved by His life. And not only this, but we also exult in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received the reconciliation.”

8. 2 Corinthians 5:19 “Now all these things are from God, who reconciled us to Himself through Christ and gave us the ministry of reconciliation, namely, that God was in Christ reconciling the world to Himself, not counting their trespasses against them, and He has committed to us the word of reconciliation.”

9. Colossians 2:8-15 “See to it that no one [Pharaoh or in other words, Satan’s vessels] takes you captive through philosophy and empty deception, according to the tradition of men, according to the elementary principles of the world, rather than according to Christ. For in Him all the fullness of Deity dwells in bodily form, and in Him you have been made complete, and He is the head over all rule and authority; and in Him you were also circumcised with a circumcision made without hands, in the removal of the body of the flesh by the circumcision of Christ; having been buried with Him in baptism [which the people passing through the Red Sea signifies], in which you were also raised up with Him through faith in the working of God, who raised Him from the dead. When You were dead in your transgressions and the uncircumcision of your flesh, He made you alive together with Him, having forgiven us all our transgressions, having canceled out the certificate of debt consisting of decrees against us, which was hostile to us; and He has taken it out of the way, having nailed it to the cross. When He had disarmed the rulers and authorities, He made a public display of them, having triumphed over them through Him.”

H. Unlike Pharaoh (Satan), who does not mind if the Israelites worship God just as long as they stay within his domain, God will not share His sovereignty with anyone. For whom God delivers, He delivers completely, for none remain under any portion of Satan’s dominion. All will be brought under God’s complete dominion.

1. Matthew 12:29 “Or how can anyone enter the strong man’s house and carry off his property, unless he first binds the strong man. And then he will plunder his house.”

2. Hebrews 2:10-15 “For it was fitting for Him, for whom are all things, and through whom are all things, in bringing many sons to glory, to perfect the author of their salvation through sufferings. For both He who sanctifies and those who are sanctified are all from one Father; for which reason He is not ashamed to call them brethren, saying, ‘I will proclaim Your name to My brethren, in the midst of the congregation I will sing Your praise.’ And again, ‘I will put My trust in Him.’ And again, ‘Behold, I and the children whom God has given Me.’ Therefore, since the children share in flesh and blood, He Himself likewise also partook of the same, that through death He might render powerless him who had the power of death, that is, the devil, and might free those who through fear of death were subject to slavery all their lives.”

I. God was one God, and He would not share that sovereignty with another. Indeed the Israelites had to be shown this as they continued to worship the Egyptians gods along with the One True God. Their worship was a mixed bag of tricks—a little of this god, a little of that god, and some of the God of their fathers. Thus God destroyed every god of the Egyptians through the plagues to show them that He was the One and Only. Thus they must leave Egypt with everything—with their heart, soul, mind, and with all their possessions that they would use to worship Him. Indeed, the whole of life rests on fulfillment of this commandment.

1. Matthew 22:36,37 “‘Teacher, which is the great commandment in the Law?’ And He said to him, ‘You shall love the LORD your GOD with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind.’”

J. For “the defection of Israel did not consist in rejecting Jehovah as a false god, or in renouncing the law of Moses as a false religion; but in joining foreign worship and idolatrous ceremonies to the ritual of the true God.” The Roots of the Republic page 84

Reverend E. C. Wines in The Roots of the American Republic page 3-5 states: “The First and most essential of these fundamental principles was the unity of God…When Moses made his appearance in the world, idolatry had crept in on every side. It was firmly established in all nations...It had become the common sentiment and common practice of mankind. It had gained the credit of a settled truth, and the authority of an undoubted principle of common sense. There was not a civil constitution then in being, which was not based upon the assumed truth of polytheism. The Israelites themselves had become so infected with it, that all the miracles wrought for their deliverance were not sufficient to cure their superstition and keep them steadfast to the worship of the True God.”

“A civil constitution, inseparably interwoven with the worship of the one living God, was, as far as we can judge, an indispensable agency in enabling, perhaps I ought rather to say, in compelling the Hebrews to answer their high destination…by this means, it would happen, that religion and the political existence of the people must be annihilated together. Whatever reason therefore, there was for desiring the overthrow of idolatry, there was the same reason for incorporating the idea of the divine unity into the political structure of the Hebrew commonwealth.”

“Thus Moses made the worship of the one only God the fundamental law of his civil institutions. This law was to remain forever unalterable through all the changes, which lapse of time might introduce into his constitution. Thus was the Jewish lawgiver enabled to secure a result of indispensible necessity to human virtue and happiness; a result, which as far as we can see, could have been attained in no other way.”

“The political prohibition of idolatry, under the sanction of civil punishment, was not…founded on the doctrine of the true God, considered as a theological dogma, but on the principle that Jehovah, having delivered the Israelites from slavery, and made them a nation, was, by their own free choice, constituted civil head of their commonwealth. He was, therefore, to be honored as their king, as well as their God…words spoken against the divine King of Israel were considered as compassing, that is, designing and aiming at the overthrow of the government. They were an overt act of treason, which was punished capitally.”

Pages 97-99 “The whole scope and hinge of the Hebrew polity was the overthrow of idolatry…to have imposed the penalty of death upon the worship of false gods can no longer appear in the light of inquisitorial tyranny…the worship which He demands, before all and above all, is the acknowledgment of our absolute dependence and of his supreme dominion; gratitude for his benefits; trust in his mercy; reverence for his authority; love towards his excellence; and submission to his law.”

“What purity and beauty in the moral doctrines of this code! Equity, probity, fidelity, industry, compassion, charity, beneficence—in a word, everything that makes men respectable in their own eyes, everything that can endear them to their fellows, everything that can assure the repose and happiness of society—are placed among the number of human duties.”

“Where else in all antiquity, are to be found ideas of God and his worship, so just and sublime; religious institutions, so pure and spiritual; ethical doctrines, so conformable to the sentiments of nature and the light of reason? Recall the picture, presented in a former part of this chapter of the religious moral condition of the ancient world. What false and grotesque notions of the divine nature! What extravagant impure, and cruel rites…Here chastity is sacrificed in the temples. There, human blood flows upon the altars…humanity brutalized…people plunged into a frightful ignorance…All the pagan nations had for their guide only the feeble and tremulous light of human reason. Among the Hebrews, a higher, even the pure and eternal reason, had pierced the darkness, scattered its shades, and poured a divine illumination into the mind of prophet, priest, lawgiver, judge, and king. Thus was the intellect of the nation enlightened, and its heart purified. Thus were its manners humanized; its morals elevated; its institutions liberalized. Thus was the nation educated for its great mission of guidance and of blessing to all the nations of the earth, in all the periods of their history.”

Page 76 “To preserve the doctrine of the unity, in the midst of a polytheistic world, was the fundamental design of the Mosaic polity.”

Thus we see the reason for not mixing fabrics and seeds, nor grafting trees into another. It is all to keep the Israelites from being infected with the perversions practiced by idolaters. For God requires a complete separation from the world and sin. We cannot serve two masters, nor can we have friendship with world if we desire communion with God.

1. Exodus 19:4-6 “Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and how I bare you on eagles’ wings, and brought you unto myself. Now, therefore, if ye will hear my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people; for all the earth is mine, and ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation.”

2. Deuteronomy 29:10,12-13,16-18 “Ye stand this day,” [says Moses in an address to his countrymen] “your captains of your tribes, your elders and your officers, and all the men of Israel… that ye should enter into covenant with Jehovah thy God, and into his oath that he maketh with thee this day, that he may establish thee this day for a people unto himself … (for ye know how we have dwelt in the land of Egypt, and how we came through the nations that ye passed by, and ye have seen their abominations and their idols, wood and stone, silver and gold, which were among them:) lest there should be among you man, or woman, or family, or tribe, whose heart turneth away from Jehovah our God, to go and serve the gods of those nations.”

3. Exodus 20:1-3 “And God spake all these words saying, I am the LORD thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt , out of the house of bondage. Thou shalt have no other gods before me.”

4. Deuteronomy 6:1-3 “Now these are the commandments, the statutes, and the judgments, which the LORD your God commanded to teach you, that ye might do them in the land whither ye go to possess it: that thou mightest fear the LORD thy God, to keep all his statutes and his commandments, which I command thee, thou, and thy sons, and thy sons’ sons, all the days of thy life; and that thy days may be prolonged. Hear therefore, O Israel and observe to do it: that it may be well with thee, and that ye may increase mightily, as the Lord God of thy fathers hath promised thee, in the land that floweth with milk and honey.”

5. Matthew 6:24 “No one can serve two masters; for either he will hate the one and love the other, or he will be devoted to one and despise the other. You cannot serve God and wealth.”

6. 1 Kings 18:21 “Elijah came near to all the people and said, ‘How long will you hesitate between two opinions? If the LORD is God, follow Him; but if Baal, follow him.’”

7. Joshua 24:14-28 “‘Now, therefore, fear the LORD and serve Him in sincerity and truth; and put away the gods which your fathers served beyond the River and in Egypt , and serve the LORD. If it is disagreeable in your sight to serve the LORD, choose for yourselves today whom you will serve: whether the gods which your fathers served which were beyond the River, or the gods of the Amorites in whose land you are living; but as for me and my house, we will serve the LORD.’ The people answered and said, ‘Far be it from us that we should forsake the LORD to serve other gods; for the LORD our God is He who brought us and our fathers up out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage, and who did these great signs in our sight and preserved us through all the way in which we went and among all the peoples through whose midst we passed. The LORD drove out from before us all the peoples, even the Amorites who lived in the land. We also will serve the LORD, for He is our God.’ Then Joshua said to the people, ‘You will not be able to serve the LORD, for He is a holy God. He is a jealous God; He will not forgive your transgression or your sins. If you forsake the LORD and serve foreign gods, then He will turn and do you harm and consume you after He has done good to you.’ The people said to Joshua, ‘No, but we will serve the LORD.’ Joshua said to the people, ‘You are witnesses against yourselves that you have chosen for yourselves the LORD, to serve Him.’ And they said, ‘We are witnesses.’ ‘Now therefore, put away the foreign gods which are in your midst, and incline your hearts to the LORD, the God of Israel.’ The people said to Joshua, ‘We will serve the LORD our God and will obey His voice.’ So Joshua made a covenant with the people that day, and made for them a statute and an ordinance in Shechem. And Joshua wrote these words in the book of the law of God; and he took a large stone and set it up there under the oak that was by the sanctuary of the LORD. Joshua said to all the people, ‘Behold, this stone shall be for a witness against us, for it has heard all the words of the LORD which He spoke to us; thus it shall be for a witness against you, that you do not deny your God.’ Then Joshua dismissed the people, each to his inheritance.”

8. James 4:4 “You adulteresses, do you not know that friendship with the world is hostility toward God? Therefore whoever wishes to be a friend of the world makes himself an enemy of God.”

9. 2 Corinthians 6:14-18 “Do not be bound together with unbelievers; for what partnership have righteousness and lawlessness, or what fellowship has light with darkness? Or what harmony has Christ with Belial, or what has a believer in common with an unbeliever? Or what agreement has the temple of God with idols? For we are the temple of the living God; just as God said, ‘I will dwell in them and walk among them; and I will be their God and they shall be My people. Therefore, come out from their midst and be separate,’ says the Lord. ‘And do not touch what is unclean; and I will welcome you. And I will be a father to you, and you shall be sons and daughters to me,’ says the Lord Almighty.”

K. This truth, in fact, is presented in God’s first commandment. The first two verses of this commandment are called the Shema Israel, the morning and evening prayer of Israel , because they contain the essence of the Decalogue.

1. Deuteronomy 6:4,5 “Hear, O Israel ! The LORD our God is one LORD! You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might.”

L. That is why God over and over again warns His people to do all He commands, for He will have complete sovereignty over them. In fact, He tells them that complete submission is the only way to possess the land which He swore to their fathers. The land of promise—that of salvation.

1. Deuteronomy 4:1,1 “Now, O Israel, listen to the statutes and the judgments which I am teaching you to perform, so that you may live and go in and take possession of the land which the LORD, the God of your fathers, is giving you. You shall not add to the word which I am commanding you, nor take away from it, that you may keep the commandments of the LORD your God which I commanded you.”

2. Deuteronomy 8:1 “All the commandments that I am commanding you today you shall be careful to do, that you may live and multiply, and go in and possess the land which the LORD swore to give to your forefathers.”

3. Deuteronomy 28:1,2 “Now it shall be, if you diligently obey the LORD your God, being careful to do all His commandments which I command you today, the LORD your God will set you high above all the nations of the earth. All these blessings will come upon you and overtake you if you obey the LORD your God.”

4. Deuteronomy 28:58,63,68 “If you are not careful to observe all the words of this law which are written in this book, to fear this honored and awesome name, the LORD your God…It shall come about that as the LORD delighted over you to prosper you, and multiply you, so the LORD will delight over you to make you perish and destroy you and you will be torn from the land where you are entering to possess it. The LORD will bring you back to Egypt in ships, by the way about which I spoke to you, ‘You will never see it again!’ And there you will offer yourselves for sale to your enemies as male and female slaves, but there will be no buyer.”

5. Psalm 95:1-11 “O come, let us sing for joy to the LORD, let us shout joyfully to the rock of our salvation. Let us come before His presence with thanksgiving, let us shout joyfully to Him with psalms. For the LORD is a great God and a great King above all gods, in whose hand are the depths of the earth, the peaks of the mountains are His also. The sea is His, for it was He who made it, and His hands formed the dry land. Come, let us worship and bow down, let us kneel before the LORD our Maker. For He is our God, and we are the people of His pasture and the sheep of His hand. Today, if you would hear His voice, Do not harden your hearts, as at Meribah. As in the day of Massah in the wilderness, when your fathers tested Me. They tried Me, though they had seen My work. For forty years I loathed that generation, and said they are a people who err in their heart, and they do not know My ways. Therefore, I swore in My anger, truly they shall not enter into My rest.”

6. Hebrews 3:1-11 “Therefore, holy brethren, partakers of a heavenly calling, consider Jesus, the Apostle and High Priest of our confession; He was faithful to Him who appointed Him, as Moses also was in all His house. For He has been counted worthy of more glory than Moses, by just so much as the builder of the house has more honor than the house. For every house is built by someone, but the builder of all things is God. Now Moses was faithful in all His house as a servant, for a testimony of those things which were to be spoken later; but Christ was faithful as a Son over His house—whose house we are, if we hold fast our confidence and the boast of our hope firm until the end. Therefore, just as the Holy Spirit says, ‘Today if you hear His voice, do not harden your hearts as when they provoked Me, as in the day of trial in the wilderness, where your fathers tried Me by testing Me, and saw My works for forty years. Therefore I was angry with their generation, and said, “They always go astray in their heart, and they did not know My ways”; as I swore in my wrath, they shall not enter My rest.’”

7. Hebrews 4:1-16 “Therefore, let us fear if, while a promise remains of entering His rest, any one of you may seem to have come short of it. For indeed we have had good news preached to us, just as they also, but the word they heard did not profit them, because it was not united by faith in those who heard. For we who have believed enter that rest, just as He has said, ‘As I swore in My wrath, they shall not enter My rest,’ although His works were finished from the foundation of the world. For He has said somewhere concerning the seventh day: ‘And God rested on the seventh day from all His works’; and again in this passage, ‘They shall not enter My rest.’ Therefore, since it remains for some to enter it, and those who formerly had good news preached to them failed to enter because of disobedience, He again fixes a certain day, ‘Today,’ saying through David after so long a time just as has been said before, ‘Today if you hear His voice, do not harden your hearts.’ For if Joshua had given them rest, He would not have spoken of another day after that. So there remains a Sabbath rest for the people of God. For the one who has entered His rest has himself also rested from his works, as God did from His. Therefore let us be diligent to enter that rest, so that no one will fall, through following the same example of disobedience. For the word of God is living and active and sharper than any two-edged sword, and piercing as far as the division of soul and spirit, of both joints and marrow, and able to judge the thoughts and intentions of the heart. And there is no creature hidden from His sight, but all things are open and laid bare to the eyes of Him with whom we have to do. Therefore, since we have a great high priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession. For we do not have a high priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but One who has been tempted in all things as we are, yet without sin. Therefore let us draw near with confidence to the throne of grace, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need.”

M. It was the duty of all nations to obey the Law of God.

1. Acts 17:30 And the times of this ignorance God winked at; but now commandeth all men everywhere to repent.”

N. Rushdoony in The Biblical Institutes states on page 20: “The alternative to law is not grace; it is lawlessness…A second principle of the Shema Israel: one absolute, unchanging God means one absolute, unchanging law…to speak of the law as for Israel; but not for Christians is not only to abandon the law but also to abandon the God of the law….One God one law, requires one total, unchanging, and unqualified obedience.”

Page 4,5 “Law is in every culture religious in origin. Because law governs man and society, because it establishes and declares the meaning of justice and righteousness, law is inescapably religious, in that it establishes in practical fashion the ultimate concerns of a culture. Second, it must be recognized that in any culture the source of law is the god of that society. If law has its source in man’s reason then reason is the god of that society. Third, in any society, any change of law is an explicit or implicit change of religion…Fourth… foundation of law are inescapably religious, no society exists without a religious foundation or without a law-system which codifies the morality of its religion. Fifth, there can be no tolerance in a law-system for another religion. Toleration is a device used to introduce a new law-system as a prelude to a new intolerance. Every law-system must maintain its existence by hostility to every other law-system and to alien religious foundations or else it commits suicide.”

It is evident that America has entered into a new law-system and into a new intolerance, as the State’s schools tolerate all religions, but Christianity. Even many churches are intolerant of those who desire to adhere to all of God’s Word. For many of our own homeschooling families have been asked to leave their churches. Why? For the same reason that Cain killed Abel—because his deeds were righteous. The Lord is a rock of offense because it exposes man’s sinfulness.

1. Genesis 4:8 “…And it came about when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother and killed him.”

2. 1 John 3:12 “Not as Cain, who was of the evil one and slew his brother. And for what reason did he slay him? Because his deeds were evil, and his brother’s were righteous.”

3. Genesis 46:34 “You shall say, ‘Your servants have been keepers of livestock from our youth even until now, both we and our fathers,’ that you may live in the land of Goshen; for every shepherd is loathsome to the Egyptians.”

4. Isaiah 28:16-18 “Therefore thus says the Lord GOD, ‘Behold, I am laying in Zion a stone, a tested stone, a costly cornerstone for the foundation, firmly placed. He who believes in it will not be disturbed. I will make justice the measuring line and righteousness the level; then hail will sweep away the refuge of lies and the waters will overflow the secret place. Your covenant with death will be canceled, and your pact with Sheol will not stand; when the overwhelming scourge passes through, then you become its trampling place.”

5. Isaiah 8:14,15 “Then He shall become a sanctuary; but to both the houses of Israel , a stone to strike and a rock to stumble over, and a snare and a trap for the inhabitants of Jerusalem . Many will stumble over them, then they will fall and be broken; they will even be snared and caught.”

6. Matthew 21:33-46 “‘Listen to another parable. There was a landowner who planted a vineyard and put a wall around it and dug a wine press in it, and built a tower, and rented it out to vine-growers and went on a journey. When the harvest time approached, he sent his slaves to the vine-growers to receive his produce. The vine-growers took his slaves and beat one, and killed another, and stoned a third. Again he sent another group of slaves larger than the first; and they did the same thing to them. But afterward he sent his son to them saying, “They will respect my son.” But when the vine-growers saw the son, they said among themselves, “This is the heir; come, let us kill him and seize his inheritance.” They took him, and threw him out of the vineyard and killed him. Therefore when the owner of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those wine-growers?’ They said to Him, ‘He will bring those wretches to a wretched end, and will rent out the vineyard to other vine-growers who will pay him the proceeds at the proper seasons.’ Jesus said to them, ‘Did you never read in the Scriptures, “The stone which the builders rejected, this became the chief corner stone; this came about from the LORD, and it is marvelous in our eyes”? Therefore I say to you, the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people, producing the fruit of it. And he who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces; but on whomever it falls, it will scatter him like dust.’ When the chief priests and the Pharisees heard His parables, they understood that he was speaking about them. When they sought to seize Him, they feared the people, because they considered Him to be a prophet.”

7. Romans 9:33 “Just as it is written, ‘Behold, I lay in Zion a stone of stumbling and a rock of offense, and He who believes in Him will not be disappointed.”

8. Psalm 118:22,23 “The stone which the builders rejected has become the chief corner stone. This is the LORD’s doing; it is marvelous in our eyes.”

9. John 15:18-25 “If the world hates you, you know that it has hated Me before it hated you. If you were of the world, the world would love its own; but because you are not of the world, but I chose you out of the world, because of this the world hates you. Remember the word that I said to you, ‘A slave is not greater than his master.’ If they persecuted Me, they will also persecute you; if they kept My word, they will keep yours also. But all these things they will do to you for My name’s sake, because they do not know the One who sent Me. If I had not come and spoken to them, they would not have sin, but now they have no excuse for their sin. He who hates me hates My Father also. If I had not done among them the works which no one else did, they would not have sin; but now they have both seen and hated Me and My Father as well. But they have done this to fulfill the word that is written in their Law, ‘They hated me without a cause.’”

10. John 17:14-21 “I have given them Your word; and the world has hated them, because they are not of the world, even as I am not of the world. I do not ask You to take them out of the world but to keep them from the evil one. They are not of the world, even as I am not of the world. Sanctify them in the truth; Your word is truth. As you sent Me into the world, I also have sent them into the world. For their sakes I sanctify Myself, that they themselves also may be sanctified in truth. I do no ask on behalf of these alone, but for those also who believe in Me through their word; that they may all be one; even as You, Father, are in me and I in You, that they also may be in Us, so that the world may believe that You sent Me.”

11. 1 Peter 2:4-10 “And coming to Him as to a living stone which has been rejected by men, but is choice and precious in the sight of God, you also, as living stones, are being built up as a spiritual house for a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ. For this is contained in Scripture: ‘Behold, I lay in Zion a choice stone, a precious corner stone, and he who believes in Him will not be disappointed.’ This precious value, then, is for you who believe; but for those who disbelieve, ‘The Stone which the builders rejected, this became the very corner stone,’ and, ‘a stone of stumbling and a rock of offense’; for they stumble because they are disobedient to the word, and to this doom they were also appointed. But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for God’s own possession, so that you may proclaim the excellencies of Him who has called you out of darkness into His marvelous light; for you once were not a people, but now you are the people of GOD; you have not received mercy, but now you have received mercy.”

VII. Exodus 10:27-29 “But the LORD hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he was not willing to let them go. Then Pharaoh said to him, ‘Get away from me! Beware, do not see my face again, for in the day you see my face you shall die!’ Moses said, ‘You are right; I shall never see your face again!’”

A. Earlier verse 6 says, “He turned and went out from Pharaoh.” Now Moses turned from Pharaoh, for there was no longer a sacrifice for sin. Even Christ did not run after anyone and in turn directed His disciples to ‘shake off the dust of their feet for a testimony against them.’ It is a fearful thing when God has had enough, as He did with Saul.

1. Luke 9:5 “And as for those who do not receive you, as you go out from that city, shake the dust off your feet as a testimony against them.”

2. 1 Samuel 15:24-28 “Then Saul said to Samuel, ‘I have sinned; I have indeed transgressed the command of the LORD and your words, because I feared the people and listened to their voice. Now therefore, please pardon my sin and return with me, that I may worship the LORD.’ But Samuel said to Saul, ‘I will not return with you; for you have rejected the word of the LORD, and the LORD has rejected you from being king over Israel .’ As Samuel turned to go, Saul seized the edge of his robe, and it tore. So Samuel said to him, ‘The LORD has torn the kingdom of Israel from you today and has given it to your neighbor, who is better than you.’”

B. Although we readily saw Pharaoh’s heart in his repeated failures to repent, he finally expresses his intentions quite clearly when he commanded Moses to depart and never return. It is a fearful thing to provoke God after repeated offerings have been made for penitence. We cannot just say that we are sorry and then continue in our sin; we must turn from our sin, completely turn away from our wickedness and back to God, or He will not forgive us.

1. Ezekiel 14:6 “…Repent and turn away from your idols and turn your faces away from all your abominations.”

2. Isaiah 55:6,7 “Seek the LORD while He may be found; call upon Him while He is near. Let the wicked forsake his way and the unrighteous man his thoughts; and let him return to the LORD, and He will have compassion on him, and to our God, for He will abundantly pardon.”

3. Micah 6:8,9 “He has told you, O man, what is good; and what does the LORD require of you but to do justice, to love kindness, and to walk humbly with your God? The voice of the LORD will call to the city—and it is sound wisdom to fear Your name: ‘Hear, O tribe. Who has appointed its time?’”

4. Isaiah 59:1,2 “Behold, the LORD’s hand is not so short that it cannot save; nor is His ear so dull that it cannot hear. But your iniquities have made a separation between you and your God, and your sins have hidden His face from you so that He does not hear.”

5. Jeremiah 2:19 “‘Your own wickedness will correct you, and your apostasies will reprove you; know therefore and see that it is evil and bitter for you to forsake the LORD your God, and the dread of Me is not in you,’ declares the Lord GOD of hosts.”

6. 2 Chronicles 36:16 “They continually mocked the messengers of God, despised His words and scoffed at His prophets, until the wrath of the LORD arose against His people, until there was no remedy.”

7. Isaiah 22:12-14 “Therefore in that day the Lord GOD of hosts called you to weeping, to wailing, to shaving the head and to wearing sackcloth. Instead, there is gaiety and gladness, killing of cattle and slaughtering of sheep, eating of meat and drinking of wine: ‘Let us eat and drink, for tomorrow we may die.’ But the LORD of hosts revealed Himself to me, ‘Surely this iniquity shall not be forgiven you until you die,’ says the Lord GOD of hosts.”

C. Pharaoh’s obstinate, unrepentant heart represents the hearts of all unregenerate men. So let us for a moment contrast Pharaoh’s behavior with what God requires of us. God requires nothing less than a humbling of our hearts under His mighty Hand—a broken and contrite heart, which expresses itself in godly sorrow of mourning for sin and a crying out in prayer for forgiveness.

1. Joel 2:12,13 “‘Yet even now,’ declares the LORD, ‘Return to Me with all your heart, and with fasting, weeping, and mourning; and rend your heart and not your garments.’ Now return to the LORD your God, for He is gracious and compassionate, slow to anger, abounding in lovingkindness and relenting of evil.”

2. Psalm 51:17 “The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit; a broken and a contrite heart, O God, You will not despise.”

3. 2 Corinthians 7:10 “For the sorrow that is according to the will of God produces a repentance without regret, leading to salvation, but the sorrow of the world produces death.”

4. Psalm 130:1-5 “Out of the depths I have cried to You, O LORD. Lord, hear my voice! Let Your ears be attentive to the voice of my supplications. If You, LORD, should mark iniquities, O Lord, who could stand? But there is forgiveness with You, that You may be feared. I wait for the LORD, my soul does wait, and in His word do I hope.”

D. Finally, let us look at how the nation of Nineveh repented in response to Jonah’s command for penitence.

1. Jeremiah 18:7,8 “At one moment I might speak concerning a nation or concerning a kingdom to uproot, to pull down, or to destroy it; if that nation against which I have spoken turns from its evil, I will relent concerning the calamity I planned to bring on it.”

2. Jonah 1:2 “Arise, go to Nineveh the great city and cry against it, for their wickedness has come up before Me.”

3. Jonah 3:4-10 “Then Jonah began to go through the city one day’s walk; and he cried out and said, ‘Yet forty days and Nineveh will be overthrown.’ Then the people of Nineveh believed in God; and they called a fast and put on sackcloth from the greatest to the least of them. When the word reached the king of Nineveh , he arose from his throne, laid aside his robe from him, covered himself with sackcloth and sat on the ashes. He issued a proclamation and it said, ‘In Nineveh by the decree of the king and his nobles: Do not let man, beast, herd, or flock taste a thing. Do not let them eat or drink water. But both man and beast must be covered with sackcloth; and let men call on God earnestly that each may turn from his wicked way and from the violence which is in his hands. Who knows, God may turn and relent and withdraw His burning anger so that we will not perish.’ When God saw their deeds, that they turned from their wicked way, then God relented concerning the calamity which He had declared He would bring upon them. And He did not do it.”

4. Ezekiel 33:14,15 “But when I say to the wicked, ‘You will surely die,’ and he turns from his sin and practices justice and righteousness, if a wicked man restores a pledge, pays back what he has taken by robbery, walks by the statutes which ensure life without committing iniquity, he shall surely live; he shall not die.”

5. Proverbs 14:34 “Righteousness exalts a nation, but sin is a disgrace to any people.”

6. Psalm 46:1,5 “God is our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble. God is in the midst of her, she will not be moved; God will help her when morning dawns.”

E. Just as Moses represented Christ as our deliverer from bondage, so did Jonah. And just as God commanded the Hebrews to go a three days’ journey into the wilderness, Jonah’s three nights in the belly of the whale represents Christ’s three nights in the heart of the deep. Thus as Jonah delivers Nineveh from bondage, so, too, Christ delivers us out of our bondage and places a new heart within us to obey Him.

1. Exodus 3:18 “They will pay heed to what you say; and you with the elders of Israel will come to the king of Egypt and you will say to him, ‘The LORD, the God of the Hebrews, has met with us. So now, please, let us go a three days’ journey into the wilderness, that we may sacrifice to the LORD our God.’”

2. Matthew 12:38-41 “Then some of the scribes and Pharisees said to Him, ‘Teacher, we want to see a sign from You.’ But He answered and said to them, ‘An evil and adulterous generation craves for a sign; and yet no sign will be given to it but the sign of Jonah the prophet. For just as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the sea monster, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. The men of Nineveh will stand up with this generation at the judgment, and will condemn it because they repented at the preaching of Jonah; and behold, something greater than Jonah is here.’”

3. Ezekiel 36:25-28 “Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols. Moreover, I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; and will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes, and you will be careful to observe My ordinances. You will live in the land that I gave to your forefathers; so you will be My people, and I will be your God.”