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The Lord's Family Fellowship

EXODUS 2

Before we begin Exodus 2, let us realize that though Satan desires to destroy God’s people and His plans throughout every age and situation, God is victorious!

Take for instance the story of Joseph. Things look pretty bleak after he is sold into slavery. Yet when we read the entire story, we know that Joseph’s slavery was just a part of God’s plan to save Joseph and his family.

So just as God prepared Jacob’s family to go into Egypt, He is now preparing his family to come out of Egypt, choosing Moses as the instrument of deliverance, which ultimately points to Christ. God directs all things for His glory!

As heirs with Abraham, this is our heritage! God has chosen us as His instruments of deliverance at this time of history. He called us out of the world and placed in our hearts a desire to homeschool our children. It is our responsibility to tell our posterity of God’s merciful grace in what He has done in our lives.

We believe that God is preparing something great for our children. Are you preparing your children for God’s work? When we look back at history, we realize that God raised up His remnant in each generation for His mighty work. Are you a part of that work, and are you preparing your children for such a time as this?

It is exciting to know that God placed us here at this time in history and that He sent the Reformers and Founding Fathers to prepare us for this time.

Are you leading your life as chosen by God for His glory, like Moses, or like Pharaoh who lived for his own glory? Where are you going today? These days are extremely critical as we totter on the precipice of destruction.

The obliteration of the Hebrew people seemed inevitable. And if all the babies had been destroyed, it would have put an end to them. But God used Pharaoh and his household to bring up their deliverer. Isn’t that great!

I. Exodus 2:1-4 “Now a man from the house of Levi went and married a daughter of Levi. The woman conceived and bore a son; and when she saw that he was beautiful, she hid him for three months. But when she could hide him no longer, she got him a wicker basket and covered it over with tar and pitch. Then she put the child into it and set it among the reeds by the bank of the Nile. His sister stood at a distance to find out what would happen to him.”

A. Let us consider God’s mercy and grace towards our sinful natures, which, apart from Him, can do nothing but violence to His law. Although God had cursed Levi for his acts of violence, He not only brings Moses from Levi’s seed, but the priests as well. Like John the Baptist, Moses leads the people to Christ. But in Moses, we see Christ in that he typifies our Savior, who came in the lineage of sinful man, in the flesh, and was thus cursed for the sins that were all ours that we might receive salvation from our greatest enemies—both sin and death.

All of us have “committed iniquity and behaved wickedly, nevertheless He saves us.” Why? For His namesake! Not because of any goodness in us, but because of His goodness.

    1.    Genesis 49:5-7 “Simeon and Levi are brothers; their swords are implements of violence. Let my soul not enter into their council; let not my glory be united with their assembly; because in their anger they slew men, and in their self-will they lamed oxen. Cursed be their anger, for it is fierce; and their wrath, for it is cruel. I will disperse them in Jacob and scatter them in Israel.”
    2.    Hebrews 2:9-18 “But we do see Him who was made for a little while lower than the angels, namely, Jesus, because of the sufferings of death crowned with glory and honor, so that by the grace of God He might taste death for everyone. For it was fitting for Him, for whom are all things, and through whom are all things, in bringing many sons to glory to perfect the author of their salvation through sufferings. For both He who sanctifies and those who are sanctified are all from one Father; for which reason He is not ashamed to call them brethren, saying, ‘I will proclaim Your name to My brethren, in the midst of the congregation I will sing Your praise.’ And again, ‘I will put My trust in Him.’ And again, ‘Behold, I and the children whom God has given Me.’ Therefore, since the children share in flesh and blood, He Himself likewise also partook of the same, that through death He might render powerless him who had the power of death, that is, the devil, and might free those who through fear of death were subject to slavery all their lives. For assuredly He does not give help to angels, but He gives help to the descendant of Abraham. Therefore, He had to be made like His brethren in all things, so that He might become a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people. For since He Himself was tempted in that which He has suffered, He is able to come to the aid of those who are tempted.”
    3.    Galatians 4:4,5 “But when the fullness of the time came, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the Law, so that He might redeem those who were under the Law, that we might receive the adoption as sons.”
        a.    When the fullness of the time came points to God’s plan that things will go according to that plan and according to His timing, as He directs all things for His glory.
    4.    Luke 1:67-79 “And his father Zacharias was filled with the Holy Spirit, and prophesied, saying, ‘Blessed be the Lord God of Israel, for He has visited us and accomplished redemption for His people, and has raised up a horn of salvation for us in the house of David His servant—As He spoke by the mouth of His holy prophets from of old—salvation from our enemies, and from the hand of all who hate us; to show mercy toward our fathers, and to remember His holy covenant, the oath which He swore to Abraham our father, to grant us that we, being rescued from the hand of our enemies, might serve Him without fear, in holiness and righteousness before Him all our days. And you, child, will be called the prophet of the Most High; for you will go on before the LORD to prepare His ways; to give to His people the knowledge of salvation by the forgiveness of their sins, because of the tender mercy of our God, with which the Sunrise from on high will visit us, to shine upon those who sit in darkness and the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace.’”
    5.    Psalm 106:6-11 “We have sinned like our fathers, we have committed iniquity, we have behaved wickedly. Our fathers in Egypt did not understand Your wonders; they did not remember Your abundant kindnesses, but rebelled by the sea, at the Red Sea. Nevertheless He saved them for the sake of His name, that He might make His power known. Thus He rebuked the Red Sea and it dried up, and He led them through the deeps, as through the wilderness. So He saved them from the hand of the one who hated them, and redeemed them from the hand of the enemy. The waters covered their adversaries; not one of them was left.”
    6.    Ezekiel 20:1-10 “Now in the seventh year, in the fifth month, on the tenth of the month, certain of the elders of Israel came to inquire of the LORD, and sat before me. And the word of the LORD came to me saying, ‘Son of man, speak to the elders of Israel and say to them, “Thus says the Lord GOD, ‘Do you come to inquire of Me? As I live,’ declares the Lord GOD, ‘I will not be inquired of by you.’” Will you judge them, will you judge them, son of man? Make them know the abominations of their fathers; and say to them, “Thus says the Lord GOD, ‘On the day when I chose Israel and swore to the descendants of the house of Jacob and made Myself known to them in the land of Egypt, when I swore to them, saying, I am the LORD your God, on that day I swore to them, to bring them out from the land of Egypt into a land that I had selected for them, flowing with milk and honey, which is the glory of all lands. I said to them, “Cast away, each of you, the detestable things of his eyes, and do not defile yourselves with the idols of Egypt; I am the LORD your God.” But they rebelled against Me and were not willing to listen to Me; they did not cast away the detestable things of their eyes, nor did they forsake the idols of Egypt. Then I resolved to pour out My wrath on them, to accomplish My anger against them in the midst of the land of Egypt. But I acted for the sake of My name, that it should not be profaned in the sight of the nations among whom they lived, in whose sight I made Myself known to them by bringing them out of the land of Egypt. So I took them out of the land of Egypt and brought them into the wilderness.’”’”
        a.    Even though they served detestable gods and did detestable things, God brings about their deliverance as part of His plan for redemption and also to fulfill His promise to Abraham.

B. Since God reassures us that the gates of hell shall not prevail against the Church, we can be certain that the Church will continue regardless of those who work to destroy it. Though man devises his plans for the obliteration of the Church, such as Pharaoh’s decree to destroy all the male Hebrew babies, God always brings His chosen Bride to victory—in this case, the provision of Moses whom God chose to deliver His people.

All parents look upon their children as beautiful, so instead of taking this word as meaning physically exceptional, it is more feasible to assume that through divine revelation, God’s peculiar blessing on this child, who was lovely in God’s sight because He put His Spirit in him, became obvious to Moses’s parents. There is no good apart from God and no loveliness apart from God’s Holy Spirit within us.

    1.    Acts 7:19-21 “It was he who took shrewd advantage of our race and mistreated our fathers so that they would expose their infants and they would not survive. It was at this time that Moses was born; and he was lovely in the sight of God, and he was nurtured three months in his father’s home. And after he had been set outside, Pharaoh’s daughter took him away and nurtured him as her own son.”
    2.    Exodus 34:29 “It came about when Moses was coming down from Mount Sinai (and the two tablets of the testimony were in Moses’ hand as he was coming down from the mountain), that Moses did not know that the skin of his face shone because of his speaking with Him.”
    3.    Matthew 17:2 “And He was transfigured before them; and His face shone like the sun, and His garments became as white as light.”
    4.    Psalm 106:10 “He saved them from the hand of the one who hated them, and redeemed them from the hand of the enemy.”

C. Just as God directed these parents to hide Moses, who was a prototype of Christ, He prompted Joseph to hide Jesus from Herod’s fury, safeguarding both for the preservation of His people.

    1.    Matthew 2:13-18 “Now when they had gone, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream and said, ‘Get up! Take the Child and His mother and flee to Egypt, and remain there until I tell you; for Herod is going to search for the Child to destroy Him.’ So Joseph got up and took the Child and His mother while it was still night, and left for Egypt. He remained there until the death of Herod. This was to fulfill what had been spoken by the Lord through the prophet: ‘Out of Egypt I called My Son.’ Then when Herod saw that he had been tricked by the magi, he became very enraged, and sent and slew all the male children who were in Bethlehem and all its vicinity, from two years old and under, according to the time which he had determined from the magi. Then what had been spoken through Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled: ‘A voice was heard in Ramah, weeping and great mourning, Rachel weeping for her children; and she refused to be comforted, because they were no more.’”
        a.    It is interesting to note above where it says, Out of Egypt I called My Son. God’s first son, Israel, was incapable of faithfulness to God, thus He sent His second Son, Christ, who was faithful unto death. Both were called out of the world, which Egypt represented, to be set apart as God’s own, not because of the merit of the first son, which represented man, but because of the complete obedience of the second Son, Christ.
    2.    Exodus 4:22 “Then you shall say to Pharaoh, ‘Thus says the LORD, “Israel is My son, My firstborn.”’”
    3.    Exodus 19:5,6 “Now then, if you will indeed obey My voice and keep My covenant, then you shall be My own possession among all the peoples, for all the earth is Mine; and you shall be to Me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation. These are the words that you shall speak to the people of Israel.”
    4.    Zechariah 7:12 “They made their hearts like flint so that they could not hear the law and the words which the LORD of hosts had sent by His Spirit through the former prophets; therefore great wrath came from the LORD of hosts.”
    5.    Nehemiah 9:26-31 “But they became disobedient and rebelled against You, and cast Your law behind their backs and killed Your prophets who had admonished them so that they might return to You, and they committed great blasphemies. Therefore You delivered them into the hand of their oppressors who oppressed them, but when they cried to You in the time of their distress, You heard from Heaven, and according to Your great compassion You gave them deliverers who delivered them from the hand of their oppressors. But as soon as they had rest, they did evil again before You; therefore You abandoned them to the hand of their enemies, so that they ruled over them. When they cried again to You, You heard from heaven, and many times You rescued according to Your compassion. And admonished them in order to turn them back to Your law. Yet they acted arrogantly and did not listen to Your commandments but sinned against Your ordinances. By which if a man observes them he shall live. And they turned a stubborn shoulder and stiffened their necks, and would not listen. However, You bore with them for many years, and admonished them by Your Spirit through Your prophets, yet they would not give ear. Therefore You gave them into the hand of the peoples of the land. Nevertheless, in Your great compassion You did not make an end of them or forsake them. For You are a gracious and compassionate God.”
    6.    2 Chronicles 36:16 “But they continually mocked the messengers of God, despised His words and scoffed at the prophets, until the wrath of the LORD arose against His people, until there was no remedy.”
    7.    Jeremiah 31:31-33 “‘Behold, days are coming,’ declares the LORD, ‘When I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah, not like the covenant which I made with their fathers in the day I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, although I was a husband to them,’ declares the LORD. ‘But this is the covenant which I will make with the house of Israel after those days,’ declares the LORD, ‘I will put My law within them and on their heart I will write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people.’”
    8.    Ezekiel 11:19 “And I will give them one heart, and put a new spirit within them. And I will take the heart of stone out of their flesh and give them a heart of flesh.”
    9.    Isaiah 9:1-7 “But there will be no more gloom for her who was in anguish; in earlier times He treated the land of Zebulon and the land of Naphtali with contempt, but later on He shall make it glorious, by the way of the sea, on the other side of Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles. The people who walk in darkness will see a great light; those who live in a dark land, the light will shine on them. You shall multiply the nations, You shall increase their gladness; they will be glad in Your presence as with the gladness of harvest, as men rejoice when they divide the spoil. For You shall break the yoke of their burden and the staff on their shoulders, the rod of their oppressor, as at the battle of Midian. For every boot of the booted warrior in the battle tumult, and cloak rolled in blood, will be for burning, fuel for the fire. For a child will be born to us, a son will be given to us; and the government will rest on His shoulders; and His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace. There will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace, on the throne of David and over his kingdom, to establish it and to uphold it with justice and righteousness from then on and forever more. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will accomplish this.”
    10.    John 4:34 “Jesus said to them, ‘My food is to do the will of Him who sent Me and to accomplish His work.’”
    11.    John 5:19 “Therefore Jesus answered and was saying to them, ‘Truly, truly, I say to you, the Son can do nothing of Himself, unless it is something He sees the Father doing; for whatever the Father does, these things the Son also does in like manner.’”
    12.    John 5:30 “I can do nothing on My own initiative. As I hear, I judge; and My judgment is just, because I did not seek My own will, but the will of Him who sent Me.”
    13.    John 6:38 “For I have come down from heaven, not to do My own will, but the will of Him who sent Me.”
    14.    Hebrews 3:5,6 “Now Moses was faithful in all His house as a servant, for a testimony of those things which were to be spoken later; but Christ was faithful as a Son over His house—whose house we are, if we hold fast our confidence and the boast of our hope firm until the end.”
    15.    John 3:35 “The Father loves the Son and has given all things into His hand.”
    16.    Hebrews 1:1-13 “God, after He spoke long ago to the fathers in the prophets in many portions and in many ways, in these last days has spoken to us in His Son, whom He appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the world. And He is the radiance of His glory and the exact representation of His nature, and upholds all things by the word of His power. When He had made purification of sins, He sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high, having become as much better than the angels, as He has inherited a more excellent name than they. For to which of the angels did He ever say, ‘You are My Son, today I have begotten You’? And again, ‘I will be a Father to Him and He shall be a Son to Me’? And when He again brings the firstborn in to the world, He says, ‘And let all the angels of God worship Him.’ And of the angels He says, ‘Who makes His angels winds, and His ministers a flame of fire.’ But of the Son He says, ‘Your throne, O God, is forever and ever, and the righteous scepter is the scepter of His Kingdom. You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; therefore God, Your God, has anointed You with the oil of gladness above Your companions.’ And, ‘You, LORD, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the works of Your hands; they will perish, but You remain; and they all will become old like a garment, and like a mantle You will roll them up; like a garment they will also be changed. But You are the same, and Your years will not come to an end.’ But to which of the angels has He ever said, ‘Sit at My right hand, until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet?’”
    17.    Hebrews 8:9,10 “‘Not like the covenant which I made with their fathers on the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; for they did not continue in my covenant, and I did not care for them,’ says the Lord. ‘For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days,’ says the Lord. ‘I will put My laws into their minds, and I will write them on their hearts and I will be their God, and they shall be My people.’”
    18.    2 Corinthians 3:3 “You are a letter of Christ, cared for by us, written not with ink but with the Spirit of the living God, not on tablets of stone but on tablets of human hearts.”
    19.    Isaiah 53:5 “But He was pierced through for our transgressions, He was crushed for our iniquities; the chastening for our well-being fell upon Him, and by His scouring we are healed.”
    20.    Titus 2:14 “Who gave Himself for us to redeem us from every lawless deed, and to purify for Himself a people for His own possession, zealous for good works.”
    21.    Revelation 1:5,6 “And from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the firstborn of the dead, and the ruler of the kings of the earth. To Him who loves us and released us from our sins by His blood—and He has made us to be a kingdom, priests to His God and Father—to Him be the glory and the dominion forever and ever. Amen.”
    22.    1 Peter 2:9 “But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for God’s own possession, so that you may proclaim the excellences of Him who has called you out of darkness into His marvelous light.”

D. First, it is important to note that Moses was hidden by his parents, both father and mother, that they were united in purpose, working together as two workhorses pulling together for the same Master in the same direction. It is so important that parents are in lockstep with one another in directing their children.

For it is not just divorced families that are dysfunctional. Dysfunctional means not performing normally, as an organ or structure of the body; malfunctioning; having a malfunctioning part or element. An organ that malfunctions is working contrary to the way God designed it to work.

To understand how to parent, we must look to the Creator to see how He designed us to function. If one of us is not operating according to scripture, or if there is discrepancy in our direction, our family becomes dysfunctional. That is why it is so important to carefully examine how we parent to make certain we are operating in accordance to God’s Word.

Secondly, we must consider, for a moment, the jeopardy the parents placed themselves in when they endeavored to hide an active baby from the multitudes of Egyptians. Yet they were not afraid of the king’s edict because they feared God more than men. Their faith in God’s promises placed them above the fear of Pharaoh. God was their rock in which they took refuge. And of course, God divinely directed Moses’s parents to place the child where His instrument of preservation would be found. Thus, we shall see that God directed Pharaoh’s daughter to Moses. Indeed, throughout history, God has always protected His beloved Church.

    1.    Hebrews 11:23 “By faith Moses, when he was born, was hidden for three months by his parents, because they saw he was a beautiful child; and they were not afraid of the king’s edict.”
    2.    Hebrews 11:1,2 “Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen. This is why the ancients were commended.”
    3.    2 Corinthians 4:18 “While we look not at the things which are seen, but at the things which are not seen; for the things which are seen are temporal, but the things which are not seen are eternal.”
    4.    2 Corinthians 1:20 “For all the promises of God find their Yes in Him. That is why it is through Him that we utter our Amen to God for His glory.”
    5.    Psalm 138:7 “Though I walk in the midst of trouble, You will revive me; You will stretch forth Your hand against the wrath of my enemies, and Your right hand will save me.”
    6.    Isaiah 41:10 “Do not fear, for I am with you; do not anxiously look about you, for I am your God. I will strengthen you, surely I will help you, surely I will uphold you with My righteous right hand.”
    7.    2 Samuel 22:3,4 “My God, my rock, in whom I take refuge, my shield and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold and my refuge; my savior, You save me from violence. I call upon the LORD, who is worthy to be praised, and I am saved from my enemies.”
    8.    Psalm 91:1-3 “He who dwells in the shelter of the Most High will abide in the shadow of the Almighty. I will say to the LORD, ‘My refuge and my fortress, My God, in whom I trust!’ For it is He who delivers you from the snare of the trapper and from the deadly pestilence. He will cover you with His pinions, and under his wings you may seek refuge; His faithfulness is a shield and bulwark.”
    9.    Isaiah 49:15 “Can a woman forget her nursing child and have no compassion on the son of her womb? Even these may forget, but I will not forget you. Behold I have inscribed you on the palms of My hands; your walls are continually before Me.”

E. The faith of Moses’s parents was passed on to their son who remained faithful throughout his lifetime. That is why it is so important for us, as parents, to continually instruct our children in God’s Word, to continually expound on God’s miraculous faithfulness to His children, to express faith in His promises, and to share God’s miraculous Providence in our own lives so that they might put their confidence in God and not forget His faithfulness.

    1.    Hebrews 11:23-29 “By faith Moses, when he was born, was hidden for three months by his parents, because they saw he was a beautiful child; and they were not afraid of the king’s edict. By faith Moses, when he had grown up, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter, choosing rather to endure ill-treatment with the people of God than to enjoy the passing pleasures of sin, considering the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures of Egypt; for he was looking to the reward. By faith he left Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king; for he endured as seeing Him who is unseen. By faith he kept the Passover and the sprinkling of the blood, so that He who destroyed the firstborn would not touch them. By faith they passed through the Red Sea as though they were passing through dry land; and the Egyptians, when they attempted it, were drowned.”
    2.    Psalm 78:1-8 “Listen, O my people, to my instruction; incline your ears to the words of my mouth. I will open my mouth in a parable; I will utter dark sayings of old, which we have heard and known, and our fathers have told us. We will not conceal them from their children, but tell to the generation to come the praises of the LORD, and His strength and His wondrous works that He has done. For He established a testimony in Jacob and appointed a law in Israel, which He commanded our fathers that they should teach them to their children, that the generation to come might know, even the children yet to be born, that they may arise and tell them to their children, that they should put their confidence in God and not forget the works of God, but keep His commandments.”

F. We should continually bring to mind the faith of others who in the face of danger chose to trust in the Lord regardless of the harm that could come to them.

    1.    Daniel 6:7-28 “All the commissioners of the kingdom, the prefects and the satraps, the high officials and the governors have consulted together that the king should establish a statute and enforce an injunction that anyone who makes a petition to any god or man besides you, O king, for thirty days shall be cast into the lions’ den. Now, O king, establish the injunction and sign the document so that it may not be changed, according to the law of the Medes and Persians, which may not be revoked. Therefore King Darius signed the document, that is, the injunction. Now when Daniel knew that the document was signed, he entered his house (now in his roof chamber he had windows open toward Jerusalem); and he continued kneeling on his knees three times a day, praising and giving thanks before his God, as he had been doing previously. Then these men came by agreement and found Daniel making petition and supplication before his God. Then they approached and spoke before the king about the king’s injunction, ‘Did you not sign an injunction that any man who makes a petition to any god or man besides you, O king, for thirty days, is to be cast into the lions’ den?’ The king replied, ‘The statement is true, according to the law of the Medes and Persians, which may not be revoked.’ Then they answered and spoke before the king, ‘Daniel, who is one of the exiles from Judah, pays no attention to you, O king, or to the injunction which you signed, but keeps making his petition three times a day.’ Then, as soon as the king heard this statement, he was deeply distressed and set his mind on delivering Daniel; and even until sunset he kept exerting himself to rescue him. Then these men came by agreement to the king and said to the king, ‘Recognize, O king, that it is a law of the Medes and Persians that no injunction or statute which the king establishes may be changed.’ Then the king gave orders, and Daniel was brought in and cast into the lions’ den. The king spoke and said to Daniel, ‘Your God whom you constantly serve will Himself deliver you.’ A stone was brought and laid over the mouth of the den; and the king sealed it with his own signet ring and with the signet rings of his nobles, so that nothing would be changed in regard to Daniel. Then the king went off to his palace and spent the night fasting, and no entertainment was brought before him; and his sleep fled from him. Then the king arose at dawn, at the break of day, and went in haste to the lions’ den. When he had come near the den to Daniel, he cried out with a troubled voice. The king spoke and said to Daniel, ‘Daniel, servant of the living God, has your God, whom you constantly serve, been able to deliver you from the lions?’ Then Daniel spoke to the king, ‘O king, live forever! My God sent His angel and shut the lions’ mouths and they have not harmed me, inasmuch as I was found innocent before Him; and also toward you, O king, I have committed no crime.’ Then the king was very pleased and gave orders for Daniel to be taken up out of the den. So Daniel was taken up out to the den and no injury whatever was found on him, because he had trusted in his God. The king then gave orders, and they brought those men who had maliciously accused Daniel, and they cast them, their children and their wives into the lions’ den; and they had not reached the bottom of the den before the lions overpowered them and crushed all their bones. Then Darius the king wrote to all the peoples, nations and men of every language who were living in all the land: ‘May your peace abound! I make a decree that in all the dominion of my kingdom men are to fear and tremble before the God of Daniel; For He is the living God and enduring forever, and His kingdom is one which will not be destroyed, and His dominion will be forever. He delivers and rescues and performs signs and wonders in heaven and on earth, who has also delivered Daniel from the power of the lions.’ So this Daniel enjoyed success in the reign of Darius and in the reign of Cyrus the Persian.”
        a.    The story of Daniel is another illustration of how God works in individuals and how Satan works against them. The war has not changed nor have the generals. We are either fighting for Christ or fighting for Satan. Even if we are not in active duty, but sitting on the sidelines, we are aiding the enemy by abdicating our duty. What god are you bowing to? We all serve a god; the question is which god?
        b.    Now when Daniel knew that the document was signed, he entered his house (now in his roof chamber he had windows open toward Jerusalem); and he continued kneeling on his knees three times a day, praising and giving thanks before his God, as he had been doing previously. Don’t you love Daniel’s courageous obedience and faithfulness! Are our children seeing that quality of devotion in us? If a decree like this comes down to us in this country, will we be able to stand? We want to be like Daniel, don’t you? We want our children to be like Daniel, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego. It takes sacrifice and work and prayer. Step up to the plate, men; stand firm in the way for your children to see; prepare their hearts with the strength of God’s Word; and pray for Christ to empower them to stand as well.
    2.    1 Kings 18:3,4 “Now Obadiah feared the LORD greatly; for when Jezebel destroyed the prophets of the LORD, Obadiah took a hundred prophets and hid them by fifties in a cave, and provided them with bread and water.”
        a.    Don’t think that destruction cannot come to this nation because God would never do that to us. All we need to do is look to the enslavement of the Hebrews in Egypt or the sacking of Jerusalem to know that America is not exempt from punishment. And as far as persecution, just because we don’t experience affliction today does not mean that we won’t sometime in the future because the adversary is persecuting Christians around the world. Therefore, let us teach our children that suffering for Christ is a reality. Read stories about those who have persevered through persecution and remained faithful. And present the overall hope that though individuals are persecuted, God is still faithful to them in delivering them from eternal destruction. And that He will not allow the enemy to destroy the Church completely.
        b.    Matthew Henry says, When men are projecting the church’s ruin, God is preparing for its salvation.
    3.    Acts 5:17-42 “But the high priest rose up, along with all his associates (that is the sect of the Sadducees), and they were filled with jealousy. They laid hands on the apostles and put them in a public jail. But during the night an angel of the Lord opened the gates of the prison, and taking them out he said, ‘Go, stand and speak to the people in the temple the whole message of this Life.’ Upon hearing this, they entered into the temple about daybreak and began to teach. Now when the high priest and his associates came, they called the Council together, even all the Senate of the sons of Israel, and sent orders to the prison house for them to be brought. But the officers who came did not find them in the prison; and they returned and reported back, saying, ‘We found the prison house locked quite securely and the guards standing at the doors, but when we had opened up, we found no one inside.’ Now when the captain of the temple guard and the chief priests heard these words, they were greatly perplexed about them as to what would come of this. But someone came and reported to them, ‘The men whom you put in prison are standing in the temple and teaching the people!’ Then the captain went along with the officers and proceeded to bring them back without violence (for they were afraid of the people, that they might be stoned.) When they had brought them, they stood them before the Council. The high priest questioned them, saying, ‘We gave you strict orders not to continue teaching in this name, and yet, you have filled Jerusalem with your teaching and intend to bring this man’s blood upon us.’ But Peter and the apostles answered, ‘We must obey God rather than men. The God of our fathers raised up Jesus, whom you had put to death by hanging Him on a cross. He is the one whom God exalted to His right hand as a Prince and a Savior, to grant repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins. And we are witnesses of these things; and so is the Holy Spirit, whom God has given to those who obey Him.’ But when they heard this, they were cut to the quick and intended to kill them. But a Pharisee named Gamaliel, a teacher of the Law, respected by all the people, stood up in the Council and gave orders to put the men outside for a short time. And he said to them, ‘Men of Israel, take care what you propose to do with these men. For some time ago Theudas rose up, claiming to be somebody, and a group of about four hundred men joined up with him. But he was killed, and all who followed him were dispersed and came to nothing. After this man, Judas of Galilee rose up in the days of the census and drew away some people after him; he too perished, and all those who followed him were scattered. So in the present case, I say to you, stay away from these men and let them alone, for if this plan or action is of men, it will be overthrown; but if it is of God, you will not be able to overthrow them; or else you may even be found fighting against God.’ They took his advice; and after calling the apostles in, they flogged them and ordered them not to speak in the name of Jesus, and then released them. So they went on their way from the presence of this Council, rejoicing that they had been considered worthy to suffer shame for His name. And every day, in the temple and from house to house, they kept right on teaching and preaching Jesus as the Christ.”

G. Infanticide has been a common practice throughout the history of the world and is one of the reasons that God had the Israelites purge Canaan. For children are like arrows in the hand of the warrior, a present danger to the evil one. Whereas Satan desires to destroy God’s image, and thus prompts unregenerate man to murder babies created in His image, in this case Moses, the prototype of Jesus, and then Jesus himself, God saves the remnant through the preservation of Moses and the Christ child.

    1.    Genesis 1:27 “God created man in His own image, in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.”
    2.    Genesis 5:1 “This is the book of the generations of Adam. In the day when God created man, He made Him in the likeness of God.”
    3.    Psalm 127:3-5 “Behold, children are a gift of the LORD, the fruit of the womb is a reward. Like arrows in the hand of a warrior, so are the children of one’s youth. How blessed is the man whose quiver is full of them; they will not be ashamed when they speak with their enemies in the gate.”
    4.    Exodus 1:22 “Then Pharaoh commanded all his people, saying, ‘Every son who is born you are to cast into the Nile, and every daughter you are to keep alive.’”
    a.    They kept the daughters alive because they would be assimilated into the culture and have Egyptian children.
    5.    Matthew 2:1-23 “Now after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, magi from the east arrived in Jerusalem, saying, ‘Where is He who has been born King of the Jews? For we saw His star in the east and have come to worship Him.’ When Herod the king heard this, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him. Gathering together all the chief priests and scribes of the people, he inquired of them where the Messiah was to be born. They said to him, ‘In Bethlehem of Judea; for this is what has been written by the prophet: “And you, Bethlehem, land of Judah, are by no means least among the leaders of Judah; for out of you shall come forth a ruler who will shepherd My people Israel.”’ Then Herod secretly called the magi and determined from them the exact time the star appeared. And he sent them to Bethlehem and said, ‘Go and search carefully for the Child; and when you have found Him, report to me, so that I too may come and worship Him.’ After hearing the king, they went their way; and the star, which they had seen in the east, went on before them until it came and stood over the place where the Child was. When they saw the star, they rejoiced exceedingly with great joy. After coming in to the house they saw the Child with Mary His mother; and they fell to the ground and worshiped Him. Then, opening their treasures, they presented to Him gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh. And having been warned by God in a dream not to return to Herod, the magi left for their own country by another way. Now when they had gone, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream and said, ‘Get up! Take the child and His mother and flee to Egypt, and remain there until I tell you; for Herod is going to search for the Child to destroy Him.’ So Joseph got up and took the child and His mother while it was still night, and left for Egypt. He remained there until the death of Herod. This was to fulfill what had been spoken by the Lord through the prophet: ‘Out of Egypt I called My Son.’ Then when Herod saw that he had been tricked by the magi, he became very enraged, and sent and slew all the male children who were in Bethlehem and all its vicinity, from two years old and under, according to the time which he had determined from the magi. Then what had been spoken through Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled: ‘A voice was heard in Ramah, weeping and great mourning, Rachel weeping for her children; and she refused to be comforted, because they were no more.’ But when Herod died, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, and said, ‘Get up, take the child and his mother, and go into the land of Israel; for those who sought the Child’s life are dead.’ So Joseph got up, took the child and His mother, and came into the land of Israel. But when he heard that Archelaus was reigning over Judea in place of his father Herod, he was afraid to go there. Then after being warned by God in a dream, he left for the regions of Galilee, and came and lived in a city called Nazareth. This was to fulfill what was spoken through the prophets: ‘He shall be called a Nazarene.’”

H. Notice in the King James Version of the following verse in Exodus 2:3 that the means of salvation for Moses, and ultimately the Hebrew people, was an ark. This so clearly portrays Christ as our means of preservation from the judgment of God. Just as Noah’s ark preserved a remnant from the Great Deluge, so Christ preserves a remnant for His own possession.

The Ark of the Covenant, so called because it contained the Mount Sinai Tablets, symbolized God’s presence among His people, and in some sense, although we know God to be omnipresent, it represented His physical presence. Indeed, Moses refers to the ark as “the Lord” in the wilderness. In the temple, the ark resided in the Holy of Holies, as the seat or throne of God. This is pointing to Christ, God’s presence on earth, as the ark, or in other words, the only way in which we are preserved from the coming judgment.

    1.    Exodus 2:3 “…she took for him an ark of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and with pitch, and put the child therein; and she laid it in the flags by the river’s bank.”
    2.    Genesis 6:5,13,14,17,18 “Then the LORD saw that the wickedness of man was great on the earth, and that every intent of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually…. Then God said to Noah, ‘The end of all flesh has come before Me; for the earth is filled with violence because of them; and behold, I am about to destroy them with the earth. Make for yourself an ark of gopher wood; you shall make the ark with rooms, and shall cover it inside and out with pitch…. Behold, I, even I am bringing the flood of water upon the earth, to destroy all flesh in which is the breath of life, from under heaven; everything that is on the earth shall perish. But I will establish My covenant with you; and you shall enter the ark—you and your sons and your wife, and your sons’ wives with you.’”
    3.    2 Peter 2:5 “And did not spare the ancient world, but preserved Noah, a preacher of righteousness, with seven others, when He brought a flood upon the world of the ungodly.”
    4.    Numbers 10:33-35 “Thus they set out from the mount of the LORD three days’ journey, with the ark of the covenant of the LORD journeying in front of them for three days, to seek out a resting place for them. The cloud of the LORD was over them by day when they set out from the camp. Then it came about when the ark set out that Moses said, ‘Rise up, O LORD! And let Your enemies be scattered, and let those who hate You flee before You.’”
    5.    1 Peter 3:18-22 “For Christ also died for sins once for all, the just for the unjust, so that He might bring us to God, having been put to death in the flesh, but made alive in the spirit; in which also He went and made proclamation to the spirits now in prison, who once were disobedient, when the patience of God kept waiting in the days of Noah, during the construction of the ark, in which a few, that is, eight persons, were brought safely through the water. Corresponding to that, baptism now saves you—not the removal of dirt from the flesh, but an appeal to God for a good conscience—through the resurrection of Jesus Christ, who is at the right hand of God, having gone into heaven, after angels and authorities and powers had been subjected to Him.”
    6.    John 10:9 “I am the door; if anyone enters through Me, he will be saved…”
        a.    Christ in this passage signifies the door on the ark as the only way to be saved from the coming judgment.
    
II. Exodus 2:5-10 “The daughter of Pharaoh came down to bathe at the Nile, with her maidens walking alongside the Nile; and she saw the basket among the reeds and sent her maid, and she brought it to her. When she opened it, she saw the child, and behold, the boy was crying. And she had pity on him and said, ‘This is one of the Hebrews’ children.’ Then his sister said to Pharaoh’s daughter, ‘Shall I go and call a nurse for you from the Hebrew women that she may nurse the child for you?’ Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, ‘Go ahead.’ So the girl went and called the child’s mother. Then Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, ‘Take this child away and nurse him for me and I will give you your wages.’ So the woman took the child and nursed him. The child grew, and she brought him to Pharaoh’s daughter and he became her son. And she named him Moses, and said, ‘Because I drew him out of the water.’”

A. Just as God turns the hearts of kings like channels of water wherever He wishes, so, too, God turned the heart of Pharaoh’s daughter toward the Hebrew child, for we know from prior scriptures that the Egyptians loathed the Hebrews. Besides this general distaste for the Hebrew race, we must remember the over arching impediment of Pharaoh’s decree to throw all the Hebrews’ male babies in the Nile.

With this understanding, we truly see the wonderful providence and sovereignty of God in making our enemies serve His purpose and the magnificent compassion He has on His despised and distressed children, though we deserve it not. And if that were not enough, can we help but see the irony of God using Pharaoh’s own daughter, and his own household, to bring about God’s mighty deliverance of the people whom the king hated so much.

Of further irony, though Pharaoh attempted destroying the Church by having the Hebrew male babies drowned in the Nile, God delivers the very same Church by preserving a Hebrew male baby from being drowned and instead drowns Pharaoh.

On top of this, God rewards Moses’s parents for their faithfulness and returns Moses to his own mother, so she can nurse him and instruct him in the way of the Lord.

For God uses the seemingly insignificant and foolish people of this world to be raised up for His mighty purposes and thus the loathsome Hebrew lineage was raised up in the court of the greatest empire on earth.

    1.    Genesis 43:32 “So they served him by himself, and them by themselves, and the Egyptians who ate with him by themselves, because the Egyptians could not eat bread with the Hebrews, for that is loathsome to the Egyptians.”
    2.    Genesis 46:34 “You shall say, ‘Your servants have been keepers of livestock from our youth even until now, both we and our fathers,’ that you may live in the land of Goshen; for every shepherd is loathsome to the Egyptians.”
    3.    Proverbs 21:1 “The king’s heart is like channels of water in the hand of the LORD; He turns it wherever He wishes.”
    4.    Proverbs 16:4 “The LORD has made everything for its own purpose, even the wicked for the day of evil.”
    5.    Jeremiah 10:23 “I know, O LORD, that a man’s way is not in himself, nor is it in a man who walks to direct his steps.”
    6.    Isaiah 49:23 “Kings will be your guardians, and their princesses your nurses. They will bow down to you with their faces to the earth and lick the dust of your feet; and you will know that I am the LORD; those who hopefully wait for Me will not be put to shame.”
        a.    Matthew Henry says, “There are times when the church is desolate and few in number; yet its desolations shall not last for ever, and God will repair them. God can raise up friends for returning Israelites, even among Gentiles.”
    7.    Romans 8:28 “And we know that God causes all things to work together for good to those who love God, to those who are called according to His purpose.”
    8.    Romans 11:36 “For from Him and through Him and to Him are all things. To Him be the glory forever. Amen.”
    9.    Ezekiel 16:5,6 “No eye looked with pity on you [Israel] to do any of these things for you, to have compassion on you. Rather you were thrown out into the open field, for you were abhorred on the day you were born. When I passed by you and saw you squirming in your blood, I said to you while you were in your blood, ‘Live!’ Yes, I said to you while you were in your blood, ‘Live!’”
    10.    1 Corinthians 1:27,28 “But God has chosen the foolish things of the world to shame the wise, and God has chosen the weak things of the world to shame the things which are strong, and the base things of the world and the despised God has chosen, the things that are not, so that He may nullify the things that are.”
    11.    Psalm 113:6-9 “Who is like the LORD our God, who is enthroned on high, who humbles Himself to behold the things that are in heaven and in the earth. He raises the poor from the dust and lifts the needy from the ash heap, to make them sit with princes, with the princes of His people. He makes the barren woman abide in the house as a joyful mother of children. Praise the LORD!”
    12.    Job 5:12,13 “He frustrates the plotting of the shrewd, so that their hands cannot attain success. He captures the wise by their own shrewdness, and the advice of the cunning is quickly thwarted.”
    13.    Exodus 15:4 “Pharaoh’s chariots and his army He has cast into the sea; and the choicest of his officers are drowned in the Red Sea.”

B. Moses means drawing out of the water, signifying not only being drawn out of the water by Pharaoh’s daughter, but by God, who drew him up out of the prospect of death unto life.

Typifying Christ, Moses was the instrument of His Law and salvation. This points us to the fact that Jesus was the source of living water.

Christ being the Word; the Word is referred to as water that cleanses the church by washing of water with the Word. Isaiah talks of drawing water from the wells of salvation. Christ talks of giving us living water and of the rivers of living water flowing from the believer. And in Revelation it talks about the river of the water of life.

    1.    Jeremiah 2:13 “For My people have committed two evils: They have forsaken Me, the fountain of living water, to hew for themselves cisterns, broken cisterns that can hold no water.”
    2.    John 3:5 “Jesus answered, ‘Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.’”
    3.    John 7:37-39 “Now on the last day, the great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried out, saying ‘If anyone is thirsty, let him come to Me and drink. He who believes in Me, as the Scripture said, “From his innermost being will flow rivers of living water.”’ But this He spoke of the Spirit, whom those who believed in Him were to receive; for the Spirit was not yet given, because Jesus was not yet glorified.”
    4.    Ezekiel 36:25 “Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols. Moreover, I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; and I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh.”
    5.    John 4:10 “Jesus answered and said to her, ‘If you knew the gift of God, and who it is who says to you, “Give Me a drink,” you would have asked Him, and He would have given you living water.’”
    6.    Ephesians 5:26,27 “So that He might sanctify her [the church], having cleansed her by the washing of water with the word, that He might present to Himself the church in all her glory, having no spot or wrinkle or any such thing; but that she would be holy and blameless.”
    7.    John 15:3 “You are already clean because of the word which I have spoken to you.”    
    8.    John 1:1 “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.”
    9.    Hebrews 10:22 “Let us draw near with a sincere heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water.”
    10.    John 4:14 “But whoever drinks of the water that I will give him shall never thirst; but the water that I will give him will become in him a well of water springing up to eternal life.”
    11.    Isaiah 12:3 “Therefore you will joyously draw water from the springs of salvation.”     
    12,    Revelation 21:6 “Then He said unto me, ‘It is done, I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely.’”

C. Just as God called Moses out of Egypt, which represents the world, so, too, God calls each of us for His purpose.

    1.    Exodus 3:1-12 “Now Moses was pasturing the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the priest of Midian; and he led the flock to the west side of the wilderness and came to Horeb, the mountain of God, the angel of the LORD appeared to him in a blazing fire from the midst of a bush; and he looked, and behold, the bush was burning with fire, yet the bush was not consumed. So Moses said, ‘I must turn aside now and see this marvelous sight, why the bush is not burned up.’ When the LORD saw that he turned aside to look, God called to him from the midst of the bush and said, ‘Moses, Moses!’ And he said, ‘Here I am.’ Then He said, ‘Do not come near here; remove your sandals from your feet, for the place on which you are standing is holy ground.’ He said also, ‘I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.’ Then Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look at God. Then the LORD said, ‘I have surely seen the affliction of My people who are in Egypt, and have given heed to their cry because of their taskmasters, for I am aware of their sufferings. So I have come down to deliver them from the power of the Egyptians, and to bring them up from that land to a good and spacious land, to a land flowing with milk and honey, to the place of the Canaanite and the Hittite and the Amorite and the Perizzite and the Hivite and the Jebusite. Now, behold, the cry of the sons of Israel has come to Me; furthermore, I have seen the oppression with which the Egyptians are oppressing them. Therefore, come now, and I will send you to Pharaoh, so that you may bring My people, the sons of Israel, out of Egypt.’ But Moses said to God, ‘Who am I, that I should go to Pharaoh, and that I should bring the sons of Israel out of Egypt?’ And He said, ‘Certainly I will be with you, and this shall be the sign to you that it is I who have sent you: when you have brought the people out of Egypt, you shall worship God at this mountain.’”
    2.    Jude 1:1 “Jude, a bond-servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James, to those who are the called, beloved in God the Father, and kept for Jesus Christ.”
    3.    John 5:25 “Truly, truly, I say to you, an hour is coming and now is, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who hear will live.”
    4.    Romans 1:1-7 “Paul, a bond-servant of Christ Jesus, called as an apostle, set apart for the gospel of God, which He promised beforehand through His prophets in the holy Scriptures, concerning His Son, who was born of a descendant of David according to the flesh, who was declared the Son of God with power by the resurrection from the dead, according to the Spirit of holiness, Jesus Christ our Lord, through whom we have received grace and apostleship to bring about the obedience of faith among all the Gentiles for His name’s sake, among whom you also are the called of Jesus Christ; to all who are beloved of God in Rome, called as saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.”
    5.    Romans 8:30 “And these whom He predestined, He also called, and these whom He called, He also justified; and these whom He justified, He also glorified.”

D. Consider the similarities between Moses and Jesus from Gleanings in Exodus by A.W. Pink. Here he quotes Dr. I. M. Haldeman: “The life of Moses presents a series of striking antitheses. He was the child of a slave, and the son of a queen. He was born in a hut, and lived in a palace. He inherited poverty, and enjoyed unlimited wealth. He was the leader of armies, and the keeper of flocks. He was the mightiest of warriors, and the meekest of men. He was educated in the court, and dwelt in the desert. He had the wisdom of Egypt, and the faith of a child. He was fitted for the city, and wandered in the wilderness. He was tempted with the pleasures of sin, and endured the hardships of virtue. He was backward in speech, and talked with God. He had the rod of a shepherd, and the power of the Infinite. He was fugitive from Pharaoh, and an ambassador from heaven. He was the giver of the Law, and the forerunner of grace. He died alone on Mount Moab, and appeared with Christ in Judea. No man assisted at his funeral, yet God buried him.”

And then A.W. Pink goes on to make this analogy: “But isn’t this fitting as it points to Christ and then to our own lives. Christ was born of woman a slave to sin but was the Son of God. He was born in an earthly home but lived in the Celestial Kingdom. He inherited poverty but all things were created by Him and through Him and belonged to Him. He was the leader of legions of angels but became the shepherd of mankind. He was the mightiest of warriors, the magnificent and terrible God but the meekest of men. He was educated by men but all knowledge and wisdom comes through Him. He was a King yet was born in a stable and had no place for his head. He was tempted by every sin known to man yet remained sinless. By the breath of His nostrils man received life, his voice makes the earth quake. He conversed with God and the Holy Spirit yet He spoke with man. He had the staff of a shepherd yet the power of life and death rested in His hands. He was a fugitive from the very men he came to save as an instrument of reconciliation between His Father and man. He was the Law and Grace. He was buried in an unmarked grave yet now sits at the right hand of God the Father.”

Truly, God’s thoughts and ways are too magnificent for us to fully comprehend.

    1.    Isaiah 55:8,9 “‘For My thoughts are not your thoughts, nor are your ways My ways,’ declares the LORD. ‘For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are My ways higher than your ways and My thoughts than your thoughts.”
    2.    Job 36:26 “How great is God—beyond our understanding! The number of his years is past finding out.”
    3.    Psalm 139:6 “Such knowledge is too wonderful for me; it is too high, I cannot attain to it.”

III. Exodus 2:11-15 “Now it came about in those days, when Moses had grown up, that he went out to his brethren and looked on their hard labors; and he saw an Egyptian beating a Hebrew, one of his brethren. So he looked this way and that, and when he saw there was no one around, he struck down the Egyptian and hid him in the sand. He went out the next day, and behold, two Hebrews were fighting with each other; and he said to the offender, ‘Why are you striking your companion?’ But he said, ‘Who made you a prince or a judge over us? Are you intending to kill me as you killed the Egyptian?’ Then Moses was afraid and said, ‘Surely the matter has become known.’ When Pharaoh heard of this matter, he tried to kill Moses. But Moses fled from the presence of Pharaoh and settled in the land of Midian, and he sat down by a well.”

A. It is such an encouragement to know that because of Moses’s parents’ faithfulness to God and to their son, whom they instructed in the promises of God, Moses, in faith, chose to esteem the reproach of Christ as greater riches than the treasures in Egypt. Again, remember that Egypt symbolizes this world, so in essence Moses rejected the world for his parents’ faith. This is a significant lesson, considering that Moses grew up in the palace of the greatest empire on earth at that time, and most probably stood in line to become Pharaoh. Instead, he chose shame over honor, suffering over leisure, poverty over riches, and misfortune over fortune.

    1.    Hebrews 11:24-26 “By faith Moses, when he had grown up, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter, choosing rather to endure ill-treatment with the people of God than to enjoy the passing pleasures of sin, considering the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures of Egypt; for he was looking to the reward.”
    2.    Acts 20:24 “But I do not consider my life of any account as dear to myself, so that I may finish my course and the ministry which I received from the Lord Jesus, to testify solemnly of the gospel of the grace of God.”

B. Moses refused to be a prince of this world. He chose to endure suffering and reproach rather than to live in luxurious surroundings where servants waited on him day and night, for he knew that those were fleeting, as his hope rested in Christ and the greater reward he would receive in heaven for all eternity.

    1.    Acts 7:23-29 “But when he was approaching the age of forty, it entered his mind to visit his brethren, the sons of Israel. And when he saw one of them being treated unjustly, he defended him and took vengeance of the oppressed by striking down the Egyptian. And he supposed that his brethren understood that God was granting them deliverance through him, but they did not understand. On the following day he appeared to them as they were fighting together, and he tried to reconcile them in peace, saying, ‘Men, you are brethren, why do you injure one another?’ But the one who was injuring his neighbor pushed him away, saying, ‘Who made you a ruler and judge over us? You do not mean to kill me as you killed the Egyptian yesterday, do you?’ At this remark, Moses fled and became an alien in the land of Midian, where he became the father of two sons.”
        a.    Remember that Moses possessed the power to have that impertinent Hebrew slain or cast in prison, while he returned to the comfort of his palace. Yet he fled the worldliness of Egypt because He believed in the promises of His Lord, Jesus Christ.
    2.    Hebrews 11:27 “By faith he left Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king, for he endured, as seeing Him who is unseen.”
    3.    Philippians 3:4-14 “Although I myself might have confidence even in the flesh. If anyone else has a mind to put confidence in the flesh, I far more; circumcised the eighth day, of the nation of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew of Hebrews; as to the Law, a Pharisee, as to zeal, a persecutor of the church; as to the righteousness which is in the Law, found blameless. But whatever things were gain to me, those things I have counted as loss for the sake of Christ. More than that, I count all things to be loss in view of the surpassing value of knowing Christ Jesus my Lord, for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and count them but rubbish so that I may gain Christ, and may be found in Him, not having a righteousness of my own derived from the Law, but that which is through faith in Christ, the righteousness which comes from God on the basis of faith, that I may know Him and the power of His resurrection and the fellowship of His sufferings, being conformed to His death; in order that I may attain to the resurrection from the dead. Not that I have already obtained it or have already become perfect, but I press on so that I may lay hold of that for which also I was laid hold of by Christ Jesus. Brethren, I do not regard myself as having laid hold of it yet; but one thing I do: forgetting what lies behind and reaching forward to what lies ahead, I press on toward the goal for the prize of the upward call of God in Christ Jesus.”

C. Why does God say that it is harder for a rich man to enter heaven than for a camel to go through an eye of a needle? Riches often cause him to trust in himself and the wealth he has made rather than in God. This is most clearly seen in the parable of the rich man. But before we explore that parable, we must consider that other scriptures clearly show us that it is not sinful to make or save wealth. In fact, God is the one who blesses His people with prosperity and directs them to be good stewards of His blessings. So what is the problem? It rests on the intent of the heart. The rich man is only interested in saving up so he can take it easy. His goal was not the heavenly reward, but ease upon this earth. Jesus uses the encounter with him to show us the utter foolishness of trusting in earthly riches. Life here upon earth is but a vapor, here one day and gone the next. Life on earth quickly ends and becomes unalterable when it passes to eternity. Therefore, we must impress upon our children to continually examine their hearts to make certain that they are following Christ and not the lusts of their hearts.

    1.    Jeremiah 29:11 “‘For I know the plans that I have for you,’ declares the LORD, ‘plans for welfare and not for calamity to give you a future and a hope.’”
    2.    Deuteronomy 8:18 “But you shall remember the LORD your God, for it is He who is giving you power to make wealth, that He may confirm His covenant which He swore to your fathers, as it is this day.”
    3.    Deuteronomy 28:11 “The LORD will make you abound in prosperity, in the offspring of your body and in the offspring of your beast and in the produce of your ground, in the land which the LORD swore to your fathers to give you.”
    4.    Proverbs 10:22 “It is the blessing of the LORD that makes rich, and He adds no sorrow to it.”
    5.    Psalm 112:1-3 “How blessed is the man who fears the LORD, who greatly delights in His commandments. His descendants will be mighty on earth; the generation of the upright will be blessed. Wealth and riches are in his house, and his righteousness endures forever.”
    6.    Genesis 24:35 “The LORD has greatly blessed my master, so that he has become rich; and He has given him flocks and herds and silver and gold, and servants and maids, and camels and donkeys.”
    7.    Matthew 25:14-27 “For it is just like a man about to go on a journey, who called his own slaves and entrusted his possessions to them. To one he gave five talents, to another, two, and to another, one, each according to his own ability; and he went on his journey. Immediately the one who had received the five talents went and traded with them, and gained five more talents. In the same manner the one who had received the two talents gained two more. But he who received the one talent went away, and dug a hole in the ground and hid his master’s money. Now after a long time the master of those slaves came and settled accounts with them. The one who had received the five talents came up and brought five more talents, saying, ‘Master, you entrusted five talents to me. See, I have gained five more talents.’ His master said to him, ‘Well done, good and faithful slave. You were faithful with a few things, I will put you in charge of many things; enter into the joy of your master.’ Also the one who had received the two talents came up and said, ‘Master, you entrusted two talents to me. See, I have gained two more talents.’ His master said to him, ‘Well done, good and faithful slave, you were faithful with a few things, I will put you in charge of many things; enter into the joy of your master.’ And the one also who had received the one talent came up and said, ‘Master, I knew you to be a hard man, reaping where you did not sow and gathering where you scattered no seed. And I was afraid, and went away and hid your talent in the ground. See, you have what is yours.’ But the master answered and said to him, ‘You wicked, lazy slave, you knew that I reap where I did not sow and gather where I scattered no seed. Then you ought to have put my money in the bank, and on my arrival I would have received my money back with interest. Therefore take away the talent from him, and give it to the one who has ten talents.’”
    8.    Proverbs 21:20 “There is precious treasure and oil in the dwelling of the wise, but a foolish man swallows it up.”
    9.    1 Timothy 5:8 “But if anyone does not provide for his own, and especially for those of his household, he had denied the faith and is worse than an unbeliever.”
    10.    Luke 18:18-27 “A ruler questioned Him, saying, ‘Good Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?’ And Jesus to him, ‘Why do you call Me good? No one is good except God alone. You know the commandments, “Do not commit adultery, do not murder, do not steal, do not bear false witness, honor your father and mother.”’ And he said, ‘All these things I have kept from my youth.’ When Jesus heard this, He said to him, ‘One thing you still lack; sell all that you possess and distribute it to the poor, and you shall have treasure in heaven; and come, follow Me.’ But when he had heard these things, he became very sad, for he was extremely rich. And Jesus looked at him and said, ‘How hard it is for those who are wealthy to enter the kingdom of God! For it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God.’ They who heard it said, ‘Then who can be saved?’ But He said, ‘The things that are impossible with people are possible with God.’”
    11.    Luke 12:16-48 “And He told them a parable, saying, ‘The land of a rich man was very productive. And he began reasoning to himself, saying, “What shall I do, since I have no place to store my crops?” Then he said, “This is what I will do: I will tear down my barns and build larger ones, and there I will store all my grain and my goods. And I will say to my soul, ‘Soul, you have many goods laid up for many years to come; take your ease, eat, drink and be merry.’” But God said to him, “You fool! This very night your soul is required of you; and now who will own what you have prepared?” So is the man who stores up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God.’ And He said to His disciples, ‘For this reason I say to you, do not worry about your life, as to what you will eat; nor for your body, as to what you will put on. For life is more than food, and the body more than clothing. Consider the ravens, for they neither sow nor reap; they have no storeroom nor barn, and yet God feeds them; how much more valuable you are than the birds! And which of you by worrying can add a single hour to his life’s span? If then you cannot do even a very little thing, why do you worry about other matters? Consider the lilies, how they grow; they neither toil nor spin; but I tell you, not even Solomon in all his glory clothed himself like one of these. But if God so clothes the grass in the field, which is alive today and tomorrow is thrown into the furnace, how much more will He clothe you? You men of little faith! And do not seek what you will eat and what you will drink, and do not keep worrying. For all the things the nations of the world eagerly seek; but our Father knows that you need these things. But seek His kingdom and these things will be added to you. Do not be afraid, little flock, for your Father has chosen gladly to give you the kingdom. Sell your possessions and give to charity; make yourselves money belts which do not wear out, an unfailing treasure in heaven, where no thief comes near nor moth destroys. For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also. Be dressed in readiness and keep your lamps lit. Be like men who are waiting for their master when he returns from the wedding feast, so that they may immediately open the door to him when he comes and knocks. Blessed are those slaves whom the master will find on the alert when he comes; truly I say to you, that he will gird himself to serve, and have them recline at the table, and will come up and wait on them. Whether he comes in the second watch, or even in the third, and finds them so, blessed are those slaves. But be sure of this, that if the head of the house had known at what hour the thief was coming, he would not have allowed his house to be broken into. You too, be ready; for the Son of Man is coming at an hour that you do not expect.’ Peter said, ‘Lord, are You addressing this parable to us, or to everyone else as well?’ And the Lord said, ‘Who then is the faithful and sensible steward, whom his master will put in charge of his servants, to give them their rations at the proper time? Blessed is that slave whom his master finds so doing when he comes. Truly I say to you that He will put him in charge of all his possessions. But if that slave says in his heart, “My master will be a long time in coming,” and begins to beat the slaves, both men and women, and to eat and drink and get drunk; the master of the slave will come on a day when he does not expect him and at an hour he does not know, and will cut him in pieces, and assign him a place with the unbelievers. And that slave who knew his master’s will and did not get ready or act in accord with his will, will receive many lashes, but he one who did not know it, and committed deeds worthy of a flogging, will receive but few. From everyone who has been given much, much will be required and to whom they entrusted much of him they will ask all the more.’”
    12.    1 Timothy 6:10 “For the love of money is a root of all sorts of evil, and some by longing for it have wandered away from the faith and pierced themselves with many griefs.”
    13.    Matthew 6:33 “But seek first the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and all these things will be added unto you.”
    14.    1 John 2:16 “For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh and the lust of the eyes and the boastful pride of life, is not from the Father, but is from the world.”
    15.    Romans 13:14 “But put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the flesh in regard to its lusts.”
    16.    Galatians 5:16-24 “But I say, walk by the Spirit, and you will not carry out the desire of the flesh. For the flesh sets its desire against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; for these are in opposition to one another, so that you may not do the things that you please. But if you are led by the Sprit, you are not under the Law. Now the deeds of the flesh are evident, which are: immorality, impurity, sensuality, idolatry, sorcery, enmities, strife, jealousy, outbursts of anger, disputes, dissensions, factions, envying, drunkenness, carousing, and things like these, of which I forewarn you, just as I have forewarned you, that those who practice such things will not inherit the kingdom of God. But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, self-control; against such things there is no law. Now those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified the flesh with its passions and desires.”
    17.    1 Timothy 6:17-19 “Instruct those who are rich in this present world not to be conceited or to fix their hope on the uncertainty of riches, but on God, who richly supplies us with all things to enjoy. Instruct them to do good, to be rich in good works, to be generous and ready to share, storing up for themselves the treasure of a good foundation for the future, so that they may take hold of that which is life indeed.” ?
D. By faith he left Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king, for he endured, as seeing Him who is unseen. Only by faith in the things that are unseen can we reach heaven. Only by trusting in God’s promises can we enter heaven.

    1.    Hebrews 11:1-40 “Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen. For by it the men of old gained approval. By faith we understand that the worlds were prepared by the word of God, so that what is seen was not made out of things which are visible. By faith Abel offered to God a better sacrifice than Cain, through which he obtained the testimony that he was righteous, God testifying about his gifts, and through faith, though he is dead, he still speaks. By faith Enoch was taken up so that he would not see death; and He was not found because God took him up; for he obtained the witness that before his being taken up he was pleasing to God. And without faith it is impossible to please Him, for he who comes to God must believe that He is and that He is a rewarder of those who seek Him. By faith Noah, being warned by God about things not yet seen, in reverence prepared an ark for the salvation of his household, by which he condemned the world, and became an heir of the righteousness which is according to faith. By faith Abraham, when he was called, obeyed by going out to a place, which he was to receive for an inheritance; and he went out, not knowing where he was going. By faith he lived as an alien in the land of promise, as in a foreign land, dwelling in tents with Isaac and Jacob, fellow heirs of the same promise; for he was looking for the city which has foundations, whose architect and builder is God. By faith even Sarah herself received ability to conceive, even beyond the proper time of life, since she considered Him faithful who had promised. Therefore, there was born even of one man, and him as good as dead at that, as many descendants as the stars of heaven in number, and innumerable as the sand which is by the seashore. All these died in faith, without receiving the promises, but having seen them and having welcomed them from a distance, and having confessed that they were strangers and exiles on the earth. For those who say such things make it clear that they are seeking a country of their own. And indeed if they had been thinking of that country from which they went out, they would have had opportunity to return. But as it is, they desire a better country, that is, a heavenly one. Therefore God is not ashamed to be called their God; for He has prepared a city for them. By faith Abraham, when he was tested, offered up Isaac, and he who had received the promises was offering up his only begotten son; it was he to whom it was said, ‘In Isaac your descendants shall be called.’ He considered that God is able to raise people even from the dead, from which he also received him back as a type. By faith Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau even regarding things to come. By faith Jacob, as he was dying, blessed each of the sons of Joseph, and worshiped, leaning on the top of his staff. By faith Joseph, when he was dying, made mention of the exodus of the sons of Israel, and gave orders concerning his bones. By faith Moses when he was born, was hidden for three months by his parents, because they saw he was a beautiful child; and they were not afraid of the king’s edict. By faith Moses, when he had grown up, refused to be called the sons of Pharaoh’s daughter, choosing rather to endure ill-treatment with the people of God than to enjoy the passing pleasures of sin, considering the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures of Egypt; for he was looking to the reward. By faith he left Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king; for he endured, as seeing Him who is unseen. By faith he kept the Passover and the sprinkling of the blood, so that he who destroyed the firstborn would not touch them. By faith they passed through the Red Sea as though they were passing through dry land; and the Egyptians, when they attempted it, were drowned. By faith the walls of Jericho fell down after they had been encircled for seven days. By faith Rahab the harlot did not perish along with those who were disobedient, after she had welcomed the spies in peace. And what more shall I say? For time will fail me if I tell of Gideon, Barak, Samson, Jephthah, of David and Samuel and the prophets, who by faith conquered kingdoms, performed acts of righteousness, obtained promises, shut the mouths of lions, quenched the power of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, from weakness were made strong, became mighty in war, put foreign armies to flight. Women received back their dead by resurrection; and others were tortured, not accepting their release, so that they might obtain a better resurrection; and others experienced mockings and scourgings, yes, also chains and imprisonment. They were stoned, they were sawn in two, they were tempted, they were put to death with the sword; they went about in sheepskins, in goatskins, being destitute, afflicted, ill-treated (men of whom the world was not worthy), wandering in deserts and mountains and caves and holes in the ground. And all these, having gained approval through their faith, did not receive what was promised, because God has provided something better for us, so that apart from us they would not be made perfect.”
    2.    2 Corinthians 5:7 “For we walk by faith, not by sight.”

E. Was Moses wrong in slaying the Egyptian? Without consideration we may come to the conclusion that he violated God’s law of Thou shalt not kill. However, upon further investigation into God’s Word, we clearly arrive at a righteous understanding of the standard by which God uses to direct us in every situation.

Paramount to this issue is that God created man in His image, thereby making life sacred. Thus unlawful acts of murder were punishable by execution. Indeed, justice must be executed for even the land to be redeemed. Therefore, it took the blood of the murderer to atone for the blood of the victim. Even animals that killed a person had to be put to death.

This reverence for life is to cause us to consider even potential hazards that could cause others harm. For instance, the Hebrew people were to put parapets around their rooftops, which they used as a living space, so as to keep people from falling to their harm or death. This is why we have ordinances that require us to place fences around swimming pools, thus preventing children from falling in and drowning.

    1.    Genesis 1:26,27 “Then God said, ‘Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness…’ God created man in His own image, in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.”
    2.    Psalm 139:13-16 “For You formed my inward parts; You wove me in my mother’s womb. I will give thanks to You, for I am fearfully and wonderfully made; wonderful are Your works and my soul knows it very well. My frame was not hidden from You, when I was made in secret, and skillfully wrought in the depths of the earth.”
    3.    Exodus 20:13 “Thou shalt not kill.”
    4.    Genesis 9:5-7 “Surely I will require your lifeblood; from every beast I will require it. And from every man, from every man’s brother I will require the life of man. Whoever sheds man’s blood, by man his blood shall be shed, for in the image of God He made man. As for you, be fruitful and multiply; populate the earth abundantly and multiply it.”
    5.    Leviticus 24:15-20 “If a man takes the life of any human being, he shall surely be put to death. The one who takes the life of an animal shall make it good, life for life. If a man injures his neighbor, just as he has done, so it shall be done to him: fracture for fracture, eye for eye, tooth for tooth; just as he has injured a man so it shall be inflicted on him.”
    6.    Numbers 35:33 “So you shall not pollute the land in which you are; for blood pollutes the land and no expiation can be made for the land for the blood that is shed on it, except by the blood of him who shed it.”
    7.    Deuteronomy 21:1-9 “If a slain person is found lying in the open country in the land which the LORD your God gives you to possess, and it is not known who has struck him, then your elders and your judges shall go out and measure the distance to the cities which are around the slain one. It shall be that the city which is nearest to the slain man, that is, the elders of that city, shall take a heifer of the herd, which has not been worked and which has not pulled in a yoke; and the elders of that city shall bring the heifer down to a valley with running water, which has not been plowed or sown, and shall break the heifer’s neck there in the valley. Then the priests, the sons of Levi, shall come near, for the LORD your God has chosen them to serve Him and to bless in the name of the LORD; and every dispute and every assault shall be settled by them. All the elders of that city which is nearest to the slain man shall wash their hands over the heifer whose neck was broken in the valley; and they shall answer and say, ‘Our hands did not shed this blood, nor did our eyes see it. Forgive Your people Israel whom You have redeemed, O LORD, and do not place the guilt of innocent blood in the midst of Your people Israel.’ And the bloodguiltiness shall be forgiven them. So you shall remove the guilt of innocent blood from your midst, when you do what is right in the eyes of the LORD.”
    8.    Exodus 21:28 “If an ox gores a man or a woman to death, the ox shall surely be stoned and its flesh shall not be eaten, but the owner of the ox shall go unpunished.”
    9.    Deuteronomy 22:8 “When you build a new house, you shall make a parapet for your roof, so that you will not bring bloodguilt on your house if any one falls from it.”
    10.    Exodus 21:12-14 “He who strikes a man so that he dies shall surely be put to death. But if he did not lie in wait for him, but God let him fall into his hand, then I will appoint you a place to which he may flee. If, however, a man acts presumptuously toward his neighbor, so as to kill him craftily, you are to take him even from My altar, that he may die.”

F. Thou shalt not kill refers to one person killing another over personal differences, a rash act of anger or… It does not pertain to all acts of killing, since God often sent his people into battle and also commanded that others be stoned for sins. So what are God’s directions pertaining to killing? Upon examination we see that God’s law legitimizes killing in many circumstances.

    1.    Deuteronomy 20:1-4 “When you go out to battle against your enemies and see horses and chariots and people more numerous than you, do not be afraid to them, for the LORD your God, who brought you up from the land of Egypt, is with you. When you are approaching the battle, the priest shall come near and speak to the people. He shall say to them, ‘Hear, O Israel, you are approaching the battle against your enemies today. Do not be fainthearted. Do not be afraid, or panic, or tremble before them, for the LORD your God is the one who goes with you, to fight for you against your enemies, to save you.’”
    2.    Exodus 22:18-20 “You shall not allow a sorceress to live. Whoever lies with an animal shall surely be put to death. He who sacrifices to any god, other than to the LORD alone, shall be utterly destroyed.”
    3.    Leviticus 20:10 “If there is a man who commits adultery with another man’s wife, one who commits adultery with his friend’s wife, the adulterer and the adulteress shall surely be put to death.”
    4.    Exodus 21:15 “He who strikes his father or his mother shall surely be put to death.”

G. First, and foremost, man has the right to protect himself and his family from life threatening attacks. If for instance, someone breaks into your home, you have a duty to protect your family and yourself from an attacker. In fact, the entire second table of the Decalogue was instituted for the protection of the family and their property. This is why the founders stated in the Declaration of Independence that all men are endowed by their Creator with unalienable Rights, that among these are life.

    1.    Exodus 22:2 “If the thief is caught while breaking in and is struck so that he dies, there will be no bloodguiltiness on his account.”
    2.    Esther 8:9-17 “So the king’s scribes were called at that time in the third month (that is, the month Sivan), on the twenty-third day; and it was written according to all that Mordecai commanded to the Jews, the satraps, the governors and the princes of the provinces which extended from India to Ethiopia, 127 provinces, to every province according to its script, and to every people according to their language as well as to the Jews according to their script and their language. He wrote in the name of King Ahasuerus, and sealed it with the king’s signet ring, and sent letters by couriers on horses, riding on steeds sired by the royal stud. In them the king granted the Jews who were in each and every city the right to assemble and to defend their lives, to destroy, to kill and to annihilate the entire army of any people or province which might attack them, including children and women, and to plunder their spoil, on one day in all the provinces of King Ahasuerus, the thirteenth day of the twelfth month (that is, the month Adar). A copy of the edict to be issued as law in each and every province was published to all the peoples, so that the Jews would be ready for this day to avenge themselves on their enemies. The couriers, hastened and impelled by the king’s command, went out, riding on the royal steeds; and the decree was given out at the citadel in Susa. Then Mordecai went out from the presence of the king in royal robes of blue and white, with a large crown of gold and a garment of fine linen and purple; and the city of Susa shouted and rejoiced. For the Jews there was light and gladness and joy and honor. In each and every province and in each and every city, wherever the king’s commandment and his decree arrived, there was gladness and joy for the Jews, a feast and a holiday. And many among the people of the land became Jews, for the dread of the Jews had fallen on them.”
        a.    It would be good to read the entire story of Esther and Mordecai to your children to understand that this decree came from the merciful providence of God.
    3.    Nehemiah 4:7-23 “Now when Sanballat, Tobiah, the Arabs, the Ammonites and the Ashdodites hear that the repair of the walls of Jerusalem went on, and that the breaches began to be closed, they were very angry. All of them conspired together to come and fight against Jerusalem and to cause a disturbance in it. But we prayed to our God, and because of them we set up a guard against them day and night. Thus in Judah it was said, ‘The strength of the burden bearers is failing, yet there is much rubbish; and we ourselves are unable to rebuild the wall.’ Our enemies said, ‘They will not know or see until we come among them, kill them and put a stop to the work.’ When the Jews who lived near them came and told us ten times, ‘They will come up against us from every place where you may turn,’ then I stationed men in the lowest parts of the space behind the wall, the exposed places, and I stationed the people in families with their swords, spears and bows. When I saw their fear, I rose and spoke to the nobles, the officials and the rest of the people: ‘Do not be afraid of them; remember the Lord who is great and awesome, and fight for your brothers, your sons, your daughters, your wives and your houses.’ When our enemies heard that it was known to us, and that God had frustrated their plan, then all of us returned to the wall, each one to his work. From that day on, half of my servants carried on the work while half of them held the spears, the shields, the bows and the breastplates; and the captains were behind the whole house of Judah. Those who were rebuilding the wall and those who carried burdens took their load with one hand doing the work and the other holding a weapon. As for the builders, each wore his sword girded at his side as he built, while the trumpeter stood near me. I said to the nobles, the officials and the rest of the people, ‘The work is great and extensive, and we are separated on the wall far from one another. At whatever place you hear the sound of the trumpet, rally to us there. Our God will fight for us.’ So we carried on the work with half of them holding spears from dawn until the stars appeared. At the time I also said to the people, ‘Let each man with his servant spend the night within Jerusalem so that they may be a guard for us by night and laborer by day.’ So neither I, my brother, my servants, nor the men of the guard who followed me, none of us removed our clothes, each took his weapon even to the water.”
    4.    Luke 22:35,36 “And He said to them [apostles], ‘When I sent you out without money belt and bag and sandals, you did not lack anything, did you?’ They said, ‘No, nothing.’ And He said to them, ‘But now, whoever has a money belt is to take it along, likewise also a bag, and whoever has no sword is to sell his coat and buy one.’”
    5.    Psalm 18:34 “He trains my hands for battle, so that my arms can bend a bow of bronze.”
    6.    Psalm 144:1 “Blessed be the LORD, my rock, who trains my hands for war, and my fingers for battle.”
    7.    When in the Course of human events it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation. We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. — That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, — That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security. — Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity, which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.
    8.    Second Amendment-U.S. Constitution A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.

H. Man also has a duty to protect the innocent and helpless and deliver such ones out of the hand of the wicked. Obviously, the sight of the taskmaster beating a helpless slave, and in this case, one who was unlawfully enslaved, constituted an action to relieve his brethren, his family member as such, from the possibility of death. Since Moses must have observed the beating of slaves on a regular basis, it stands to reason that this taskmaster was beating the slave with unusual vigor.

    1.    Exodus 23:7 “…do not kill the innocent or the righteous, for I will not acquit the guilty.”
    2.    Proverbs 24:11,12 “If thou forbear to deliver them that are drawn unto death, and those that are ready to be slain; if thou sayest, behold, we knew it not; doth not he that pondereth the heart consider it? And he that keepeth thy soul, doth not he know it? And shall not he render to every man according to his works?”
    3.    Psalm 41:1 “How blessed is he who considers the helpless; the LORD will deliver him in a day of trouble.”
    4.    Proverbs 31:9 “…defend the rights of the afflicted and needy.”
    5.    Jeremiah 22:3 “Thus says the LORD, ‘Do justice and righteousness, and deliver the one who has been robbed from the power of his oppressor. Also do not mistreat or do violence to the stranger, the orphan, or the widow; and do not shed innocent blood in this place.’”
    6.    Psalm 82:4 “Rescue the weak and needy; deliver them out of the hand of the wicked.”
    7.    Job 29:12-17 “Because I delivered the poor who cried for help, and the orphan who had no helper. The blessing of the one ready to perish came upon me, and I made the widow’s heart sing for joy. I put on righteousness, and it clothed me; my justice was like a robe and a turban. I was eyes to the blind and feet to the lame. I was a father to the needy, and I investigated the case which I did not know. I broke the jaws of the wicked and snatched the prey from his teeth.”

I. The validity of Moses’s actions becomes exceedingly more justifiable when we address the illegitimacy of the Egyptians’ enslavement of the Hebrew people. Because of Joseph’s excellent stewardship, Pharaoh had given the Hebrew people the best land in Egypt. In essence, on behalf of the Egyptian empire, Pharaoh had entered into a covenant with the Hebrew people. Thus this new Pharaoh violated the covenant and violated God’s law by kidnapping these citizens, confiscating their land, and enslaving them.

Property is the exclusive right of possessing, enjoying and disposing of a thing; ownership. In the beginning of the world the Creator gave to man dominion over the earth, over the fish of the sea and the fowls of the air, and over every living thing. This is the foundation of man’s property in the earth and in all its productions. Prior occupancy of land and of wild animals gives to the possessor the property of them. The labor of inventing, making or producing any thing constitutes one of the highest and most indefeasible titles to property. Property is also acquired by inheritance, by gift or by purchase. The thing owned; that to which a person has the legal title, whether in his possession or not. It is one of the greatest blessings of civil society that the property of citizens is well secured.

Although our government was set up to limit the power it could exert over its people, the citizens of the United States lost the inalienable right of ownership when the government determined to tax property. In truth we became renters who pay the government for the land we think we own. Try not paying property taxes one year and see what happens.

The same holds true for passing our property down to our children. Because of the institution of the death tax, we no longer have that right to pass all that we own to our children but must share a large portion of those possessions with the government, whom God charged with the responsibility to protect its citizens’ property.

By and large, Pharaoh violated his duty to procure justice for the innocent and righteous and even rejected sound wisdom in destroying his most productive citizens. The Pharaoh, and all the taskmasters, were guilty before God and justly judged by Moses who indeed was used by God as His instrument of wrath upon the Egyptians for their sin against His people. Indeed, Moses represented Christ as a ruler and deliverer. This then was a prophetic act of the judgment and deliverance that was soon to come. And of course, God did not rebuke Moses for this action nor was he punished for it.

    1.    Exodus 21:16 “He who kidnaps a man, whether he sells him or he is found in his possession, shall surely be put to death.”
    2.    Deuteronomy 24:7 “If a man is caught kidnapping any of his countrymen of the sons of Israel, and he deals with him violently or sells him, then the thief shall die; so you shall purge the evil from among you.”
    3.    Acts 7:23-35 “But when he was approaching the age of forty, it entered his mind to visit his brethren, the sons of Israel. And when he saw one of them being treated unjustly, he defended him and took vengeance for the oppressed by striking down the Egyptian. And he supposed that his brethren understood that God was granting them deliverance through him, but they did not understand. On the following day he appeared to them as they were fighting together, and he tried to reconcile them in peace, saying, ‘Men, you are brethren, why do you injure one another?’ But the one who was injuring his neighbor pushed him away, saying, ‘Who made you a ruler and judge over us? You do not mean to kill me as you killed the Egyptian yesterday, do you?’ At this remark, Moses fled and became an alien in the land of Midian, where he became the father of two sons. After forty years had passed, an angel appeared to him in the wilderness of Mount Sinai, in the flame of a burning thorn bush. When Moses saw it, he marveled at the sight; and as he approached to look more closely, there came the voice of the Lord: ‘I am the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham and Isaac and Jacob.’ Moses shook with fear and would not venture to look. But the Lord said to him, ‘Take off the sandals from your feet, for the place on which you are standing is holy ground. I have certainly seen the oppression of my people in Egypt and have heard their groans, and I have come down to rescue them; come now, and I will send you to Egypt.’ This Moses whom they disowned, saying, ‘Who made you a ruler and a judge?’ is the one whom God sent to be both a ruler and a deliverer with the help of the angel who appeared to him in the thorn bush.”

J. Civil magistrates are ministers of God to bear the sword as avengers against evil; thus, they are to eradicate evil from the land in order to protect the righteous that they may live in peace and to deter future acts of violence against God’s law and against His people. The executed punishment is to serve as a deterrent to further crime. Judgment begins in the house of the Lord, so when the rulers fail to punish wickedness, God judges by pouring down His wrath.

    1.    Romans 13:1-4 “Every person is to be in subjection to the governing authorities. For there is no authority except from God, and those which exist are established by God. Therefore, whoever resists authority has opposed the ordinance of God; and they who have opposed will receive condemnation upon themselves. For rulers are not a cause of fear for good behavior, but for evil. Do you want to have no fear of authority? Do what is good and you will have praise from the same; for it is a minister of God to you for good. But if you do what is evil, be afraid; for it does not bear the sword for nothing; for it is a minister of God, an avenger who brings wrath on the one who practices evil.”
    2.    1 Timothy 1:8-10 “But we know that the Law is good, if one uses it lawfully, realizing the fact that law is not made for a righteous person, but for those who are lawless and rebellious, for the ungodly and sinners, for the unholy and profane, for those who kill their fathers or mothers, for murderers and immoral men and homosexuals and kidnappers and liars and perjurers, and whatever else is contrary to sound teaching, according to the glorious gospel of the blessed God, with which I have been entrusted.”
    3.    Deuteronomy 19:13,21 “You shall not pity him, but you shall purge the blood of the innocent from Israel, that it may go well with you…. Thus you shall not show pity: life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.”
    4.    Psalm 101:8 “Every morning I will destroy all the wicked of the land, so as to cut off from the city of the LORD all those who do iniquity.”
    5.    Deuteronomy 17:9-13 “So you shall come to the Levitical priest or the judge who is in office in those days, and you shall inquire of them and they will declare to you the verdict in the case. You shall do according to the terms of the verdict which they declare to you from that place which the LORD chooses; and you shall be careful to observe according to all that they teach you. According to the terms of the law which they teach you, and according to the verdict which they tell you, you shall do; you shall not turn aside from the word which they declare to you, to the right or the left. The man who acts presumptuously by not listening to the priest who stands there to serve the LORD your God, nor to the judge, that man shall die; thus you shall purge the evil from Israel. Then all the people will hear and be afraid, and will not act presumptuously again.”
    6.    Deuteronomy 19:19-20 “The judges shall investigate thoroughly, and if the witness is a false witness and he has accused his brother falsely, then you shall do to him just as he had intended to do to his brother. Thus you shall purge the evil from among you. The rest will hear and be afraid and will never again do such an evil thing among you.”
    7.    Psalm 125:3 “For the scepter of wickedness shall not rest upon the land of the righteous, so that the righteous will not put forth their hands to do wrong.”
    8.    Jeremiah 19:3-5 “Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, ‘Behold I am about to bring a calamity upon this place, at which the ears of everyone that hears of it will tingle. Because they have forsaken Me and have made this an alien place and have burned sacrifices in it to other gods, that neither they nor their forefathers nor the kings of Judah had ever known, and because they have filled this place with the blood of the innocent and have built the high places of Baal to burn their sons in the fire as burnt offerings to Baal, a thing which I never commanded or spoke of, nor did it ever enter My mind.’”
    9.    Matthew 5:17-20 “Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill. For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until all is accomplished. Whoever then annuls one of the least of these commandments, and teaches others to do the same, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever keeps and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. For I say to you that unless your righteousness surpasses that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will not enter the kingdom of heaven.”
    10.    Acts 25:11 “If, then, I am a wrongdoer and have committed anything worthy of death, I do not refuse to die; but if none of those things is true of which these men accuse me, no one can hand me over to them. I appeal to Caesar.”
    11.    Hebrews 2:2,3 “For if the word spoken through angels proved unalterable, and every transgression and disobedience received a just penalty, how will we escape if we neglect so great a salvation? After it was at the first spoken through the Lord, it was confirmed to us by those who heard.”
    12.    Romans 13:8-10 “Owe nothing to anyone except to love one another; for he who loves his neighbor has fulfilled the law. For this, ‘You shall not commit adultery, you shall not murder, you shall not steal, you shall not covet,’ and if there is any other commandment, it is summed up in this saying, ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ Love does no wrong to a neighbor; therefore love is the fulfillment of the law.”
    13.    Matthew 22:36-40 “‘Teacher, which is the great commandment in the Law?’ And He said to him, ‘You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul, and with all your mind. This is the great and foremost commandment.’ The second is like it, ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ On these two commandments depend the whole Law and the Prophets.”
    14.    Hebrews 10:26-31 “For if we go on sinning willfully after receiving the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins, but a terrifying expectation of judgment and the fury of a fire which will consume the adversaries. Anyone who has set aside the Law of Moses dies without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses. How much severer punishment do you think he will deserve who has trampled under foot the Son of God, and has regarded as unclean the blood of the covenant by which he was sanctified, and has insulted the Spirit of grace? For we know Him who said, ‘Vengeance is Mine. I will repay.’ And again, ‘The Lord will judge His people.’ It is a terrifying thing to fall into the hands of the living God.”

K. Who made you a prince or a judge over us? A Hebrew slave would not have talked to an Egyptian prince in this manner, for he most surely would have been put to death. Thus this Hebrew knew he was talking to one such as himself, another Hebrew, and was envious of Moses’s elevated position. Such is the envy of men, and quite frankly, the utter foolishness of man’s deceitful heart that he preferred bondage to the world rather than redemption through one of his own brethren. It was not that he looked forward to a time of liberty from his present state but rather that he did not want Moses to have something he could not have. This is the essence of socialism.

In Moses and Pharaoh, Gary North writes, “Helmut Schoeck’s study of envy brings out the tremendous social consequences of this universal sin. It is the root of socialism, he argues. We cannot understand socialism as strictly the product of covetousness (which Schoeck calls ‘jealousy’), that is, of the desire of one group of voters to legislate for themselves a portion of another group’s assets. These voting patterns are also maintained by envy, the desire to destroy those who are perceived to be better off, better looking, more privileged, or whatever. Writes Schoeck: ‘It is anguish to perceive the prosperity and advantages of others. Envy is emphatically an act of perception. As we shall see, there are no objective criteria for what it is that stimulates envy. And herein lies the error of political egalitarians who believe that it is only necessary to eliminate once and for all certain inequalities from this world to produce a harmonious society of equals devoid of envy. Anyone who has a propensity for envy, who is driven by that emotion, will always manage to find enviable qualities or possessions in others to arouse envy…One begrudges others their personal or material assets, being as a rule almost more intent on their destruction than on their acquisition. The professional thief is less tormented, less motivated by envy, than is the arsonist. Beneath the envious man’s primarily destructive desire is the realization that in the long run it would be a very demanding responsibility were he to have the envied man’s qualities or possessions, and that the best kind of world would be one in which neither he, the subject, nor the object of his envy would have them. For instance, an envy-oriented politician regards a lower national income per capita as more tolerable than one that is higher for all and includes a number of wealthy men.’”

“The Hebrews of Moses’ day were envious, more arsonists than thieves, more hostile to his outward success than desirous of personally replacing him in his position of authority. They were fleeing responsibility, and they did not want to be judged by a man who would force them to adhere to God’s revealed law, to stand up against their unlawful captors, and to take risks associated with full personal responsibility. They preferred to remain slaves and to delight in gossip against their perceived superiors.”

“Another point stressed by Schoeck is that envy is primarily a product of social proximity. The closer someone is to the successful person—not geographically, but socially—the more likely it is that envy will spring up. ‘Envy plays a negligible part where it is a question of restraining a prince, a head of state or a tycoon from absurd expenditure, but it plays an important part when one among almost equals has got out of step.’ This was Moses’ problem. He was socially and racially a Hebrew, but he had escaped the burdens of his people. The envy of the Hebrews was not directed against the Pharaoh or his vizier; it was directed against a Hebrew who was enjoying the external comforts of Pharaoh’s household. The Pharaoh was seemingly beyond a downfall; he was the incarnate god, the State walking on earth. Moses, on the other hand, was uniquely vulnerable; a Hebrew in an Egyptian court, a judge who had executed an Egyptian, and a member of an enslaved race.”

“No Hebrew would have been helped by Moses’ fall. Yet the rumor spread like wildfire, forcing him to flee. Someone must have told an Egyptian, who carried the story to Pharaoh. The joy of acting as a tale-bearer was too intense. It was not covetousness which motivated them; it was envy. It was not the expectation of increased personal wealth as a result of Moses’ fall, but rather an intense excitement from contemplating Moses’ loss as such. It was Moses’ very position that grated on the Israelites. It was his ability to escape their daily life style that angered them. It was the sheer joy of seeing Moses brought low that helped to fan the flames of resentment and spread the rumor.”

“Moses was not a murderer; he was a judge. He was forced by the murderous envy of the Hebrews to seek safety in a strange land, where he married. He was not accepted as judge by the Hebrews of his generation. He was like Joseph, whose envious brothers sold him into slavery…In both instances, the key role God gave to each—the delivery of his kinsman from a crisis—could be achieved only by geographical separation and social separation. Moses would return from Midian as an 80-year old man whose only enemy, the Pharaoh, had died. He had been forgotten by his brethren, who still groaned for deliverance. For a full generation the Hebrews remained in bondage, while the one who might have delivered them had it not been for the intense envy, lived in the wilderness. They paid dearly for their envy. And later, when they refused to forsake envy after the Exodus, they paid with another 40 years of suffering.”

“The sin of envy strikes the sinner. It restricts his ability to cooperate with his fellow man. It rankles to his heart and can lead to slower or even zero economic growth. In the case of the Israelites, it led to an additional 40 years of bondage. The Hebrews preferred to live in bondage to a socially distant, cruel, self-proclaimed divine monarch than to subordinate themselves under a man of their own covenant. They preferred to be slaves than to be under God’s representative, Moses. They preferred the delight of rumor-spreading to the delights of responsibilities of freedom. They preferred to tear down Moses from his pedestal rather than elevate themselves, under Moses’ leadership to freedom. They received what they wanted, another generation of servitude.”

    1.    Proverbs 27:4 “Wrath is cruel, anger is overwhelming, but who can stand before jealousy?”
    2.    Proverbs 6:34 “For jealousy enrages a man, and he will not spare in the day of vengeance.”
    3.    Acts 7:9 “The patriarchs became jealous of Joseph and sold him into Egypt. Yet God was with him.”
    4.    Matthew 27:18 “For he knew it was out of envy that they had handed Jesus over.”
    5.    Acts 17:5 “But the Jews, becoming jealous and taking along some wicked men from the market place, formed a mob and set the city in an uproar; and attacking the house of Jason, they were seeking to bring them out to the people.”
    6.    Acts 13:45 “But when the Jews saw the crowds, they were filled with jealousy and began contradicting the things spoken by Paul, and were blaspheming.”
    7.    Mark 7:21,22 “For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed the evil thoughts, fornications, thefts, murders, adulteries, greed, wickedness, deceit, debauchery, envy, slander, arrogance, and foolishness.”
    8.    Galatians 5:19-21 “Now the deeds of the flesh are evident, which are: immorality, impurity, sensuality, idolatry, sorcery, enmities, strife, jealousy, outbursts of anger, disputes, dissensions, factions, envying, drunkenness, carousing, and things like these of which I forewarn you, just as I have forewarned you, that those who practice such things will not inherit the kingdom of God.”
    9.    1 Corinthians 3:3 “For you are still fleshly. For since there is jealousy and strife among you, are you not fleshly, and are you not walking like mere men?”
    10.    Exodus 20:17 “You shall not covet your neighbor’s house; you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife or his male servants or his female servants or his ox or his donkey or anything that belongs to your neighbor.”
    11.    James 4:2 “You lust and do not have; so you commit murder. You are envious and cannot obtain; so you fight and quarrel. You do not have because you do not ask.”
    12.    James 3:14-16 “But if you have bitter jealousy and selfish ambition in your heart, do not be arrogant and so lie against the truth. This wisdom is not that which comes down from above, but is earthly, natural, demonic. For where jealousy and selfish ambition exist, there is disorder and every evil thing.”
    13.    Galatians 5:22,23 “But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control.”
    14.    Philippians 2:3 “Do nothing from selfishness or empty conceit, but with humility of mind regard one another as more important than yourselves.”
    15.    1 Corinthians 13:4-6 “Love is patient, love is kind and is not jealous; love does not brag and is not arrogant, does not act unbecomingly; it does not seek its own, is not provoked, does not take into account a wrong suffered, does not rejoice in unrighteousness, but rejoices with the truth.”

L. Another important aspect for us to consider is the fact that the oppressed are just as sinful as the oppressors. In our day and culture, it is always assumed that the elite, those in power or with more money, must be evil by the very nature of their success in life, and that those who are perceived as oppressed by their circumstances as having less than those with more, are somehow virtuous and worthy of deliverance. One of the greatest lessons a leader must learn is that all men are evil; they all stink and act like stupid sheep. Thus Moses learned his first and most valuable lesson—that these pernicious Hebrews did not deserve to be delivered! They were to be delivered only because of God’s gracious mercy towards them. From this first introduction to Leadership 101, Moses continues his education by attending to sheep because they represent men’s character. Sheep tend to wander from their shepherd. Without their shepherd, they get lost easily. They eat things they should not eat and drink water they should not drink. They get incredibly dirty and cannot clean themselves. They become restless. They are susceptible to pests, disease, and beasts. When on their backs, they cannot get up on their own. They are virtually defenseless.

    1.    Isaiah 53:6 “All of us like sheep have gone astray, each of us has turned to his own way; but the LORD has caused the iniquity of us all to fall on Him.”
    2.    1 Peter 2:25 “For you were continually straying like sheep, but now you have returned to the Shepherd and Guardian of your souls.”

M. In truth, Moses tried to deliver his brethren through his own efforts when deliverance is only possible through Christ. This is an important fact for us to bear in mind, for many put their faith and hope in their elected officials, when neither political nor economic measures secure liberty. Not even wars or laws, apart from God, which may appear to liberate its oppressed, are able to secure true liberty. If man sins, he is a slave to sin, and not until he is redeemed through the blood of Christ is he free indeed.

    1.    Romans 8:2 “For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has set you free from the law of sin and death.”
    2.    John 8:34,36 “Jesus answered them, ‘Truly, truly, I say to you, everyone who commits sin is the slave of sin. So if the Son makes you free, you will be free indeed.’”

IV. Exodus 2:16-22 “Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters; and they came to draw water and filled the troughs to water their father’s flock. Then the shepherds came and drove them away, but Moses stood up and helped them and watered their flock. When they came to Reuel their father, he said, ‘Why have you come back so soon today?’ So they said, ‘An Egyptian delivered us from the hand of the shepherds, and what is more, he even drew the water for us and watered the flock.’ He said to his daughters, ‘Where is he then? Why is it that you have left the man behind? Invite him to have something to eat.’ Moses was willing to dwell with the man, and he gave his daughter Zipporah to Moses. Then she gave birth to a son, and he named him Gershom, for he said, ‘I have been a sojourner in a foreign land.’”

A. From this brief disclosure, we are able to learn quite a bit about Jethro. Since he was a priest, he possessed a place of honor and power among his people. Therefore, we can ascertain that he had been a diligent man in his labor.

    1.    Proverbs 12:24 “The hand of the diligent will rule, while the slothful will be put to forced labor.”

B. By observing his children, we realize that he had been diligent in training his daughters to honor him, to remain under his authority; and to work hard. Jethro had managed his household well. Instead of being idle, they exhibited industry, working for their father while contributing to the economy of the household. They were not too prissy nor was it beneath them to water the flock; they made themselves useful wherever they were needed.

Industry means habitual diligence in any employment; steady attention to business; opposed to sloth and idleness.

Idleness means abstinence from labor or employment; the state of a person who is unemployed in labor, or unoccupied in business; the state of doing nothing. Idleness is the parent of vice. Aversion to labor; reluctance to be employed, or to exertion either body or mind; laziness; sloth; sluggishness. Idleness is often the effect of laziness; inefficacy; uselessness; emptiness; foolishness.

When one is idle, his actions imply that there is nothing of importance to be done. Parents must be diligent in cultivating habits of industry. Although the Internet can be used for good, more often than not, it has become the playground for the dawdler, idler, procrastinator and the lazy. With unlimited avenues for filling one’s time with meaningless content or tweets of shallow drivel, it is important for parents to cultivate industry by directing their children to spend their time wisely in studying the Bible, reading great works of theology, working for the family, and doing good deeds for others. Indeed, genuine Christians are the most productive people on earth. Valuing their obligations to Christ, family, church, and community, they work hard to provide for those placed in their care.

    1.    Proverbs 11:22 “As a ring of gold in a swine’s snout, so is a beautiful woman who lacks discretion.”
        a.    Discretion means the quality of being careful about what you do and say so that people will not be embarrassed or offended: the quality of being discreet; showing discernment or good judgment; cautious in speech.
    2.    Proverbs 12:11 “He who tills his land will have plenty of bread, but he who pursues worthless things lacks sense.”
    3.    Matthew 12:36 “But I say unto you, that every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the Day of Judgment.”
    4.    Matthew 9:37 “Then He said to His disciples, ‘The harvest is plentiful, but the workers are few.’”
    5.    1 Corinthians 15:58 “Therefore, my beloved brethren, be steadfast, immovable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, knowing that your toil is not in vain in the Lord.”
    6.    Ephesians 5:15-17 “Therefore be careful how you walk, not as unwise men but as wise, making the most of your time, because the days are evil. So then do not be foolish, but understand what the will of the Lord is.”
    7.    Psalm 90:12 “So teach us to number our days, that we may apply our hearts unto wisdom.”
    8.    Romans 12:11 “Not lagging behind in diligence, fervent in spirit, serving the Lord.”
    9.    1 Thessalonians 4:11 “…aspire to live quietly, to attend to your own matters, and to work with your own hands, as we instructed you.”

C. Even widows were to remarry and have children so that they would not become idle, which can lead to becoming a busybody and a gossip. Often when someone is not employed in useful work, they begin to tear down others. Spending time on Facebook reading all about others’ frivolous activity is no different from the busybody of yesteryear who listened in on conversations on the party line. Instead of wasting precious time, women should be busy keeping their homes—creating lovely homes, keeping them clean and well organized, making delicious meals, training children, loving their children through playing with them, and helping their husbands with their work.

    1.    1 Timothy 5:13 “At the same time they also learn to be idle, as they go around from house to house; and not merely idle, but also gossips and busybodies, talking about things not proper to mention.”
    2.    2 Thessalonians 3:11,12 “Yet we hear that some of you are leading undisciplined lives and accomplishing nothing, but being busybodies. We command and urge such people by our Lord Jesus Christ to begin working quietly to earn their own living.”
    3.    Titus 2:3-5 “Older women likewise are to be reverent in their behavior, not malicious gossips nor enslaved to much wine, teaching what is good so that they may encourage the young women to love their husbands, to love their children, to be sensible, pure, workers at home, kind, being subject to their own husbands, so the word of God will not be dishonored.”
    4.    Acts 9:36 “Now at Joppa there was a certain disciple named Tabitha (which translated in Greek is called Dorcas); this woman was abounding with deeds of kindness and charity which she continually did.”

D. Contrast this scene with the same circumstances today. Seven unmarried daughters are rescued by a well-educated, poised man, and yet they were not forward in inviting him home with them, making it apparent that their father directed the family. Unlike today when daughters often ridicule their fathers and take it upon themselves to act without direction or approval, feeling they know best. It is truly refreshing to see young girls so submissive and respectful to their father.

Industrious, disciplined, discreet, dutiful…these are some of the characteristics of a woman who makes an excellent wife.

    1.    Proverbs 31:10-31 “An excellent wife, who can find? For her worth is far above jewels. The heart of her husband trusts in her, and he will have no lack of gain. She does him good and not evil all the days of her life. She looks for wool and flax and works with her hands in delight. She is like merchant ships; she brings her food from afar. She rises also while it is still night and gives food to her household and portions to her maidens. She considers a field and buys it; from her earnings she plants a vineyard. She girds herself with strength and makes her arms strong. She senses that her gain is good; her lamp does not go out at night. She stretches out her hands to the distaff, and her hands grasp the spindle. She extends her hand to the poor, and she stretches out her hands to the needy. She is not afraid of the snow for her household. For all her household are clothed with scarlet. She makes coverings for herself; her clothing is fine linen and purple. Her husband is known in the gates, when he sits among the elders of the land. She makes linen garments and sells them, and supplies belts to the tradesmen. Strength and dignity are her clothing, and she smiles at the future. She opens her mouth in wisdom, and the teaching of kindness is on her tongue. She looks well to the ways of her household, and does not eat the bread of idleness. Her children rise up and bless her; her husband also, and he praises her, saying: ‘Many daughters have done nobly, but you excel them all.’ Charm is deceitful and beauty is vain, but a woman who fears the LORD, she shall be praised. Give her the product of her hands, and let her works praise her in the gates.”

E. Excellent management of one’s own family and household is a necessary quality for leadership, for a man must be able to manage his own household before he can manage others. Certainly this is the case for elders. There are many men who want to teach and have a position of importance in the church when in fact they are not disciplined enough to manage their own households by discipling their own children.

    1.    1 Timothy 3:1-13 “It is a trustworthy statement if any man aspires to the office of overseer, it is a fine work he desires to do. An overseer, then must be above reproach, the husband of one wife, temperate, prudent, respectable, hospitable, able to teach, not addicted to wine or pugnacious, but gentle, peaceable, free from the love of money. He must be one who manages his own household well, keeping his children under control with all dignity (but if a man does not know how to manage his own household, how will he take care of the church of God?), and not a new convert, so that he will not become conceited and fall into the condemnation incurred by the devil. And he must have a good reputation with those outside the church, so that he will not fall into reproach and the snare of the devil. Deacons likewise must be men of dignity, not double-tongued, or addicted to much wine or fond of sordid gain, but holding to the mystery of the faith with a clear conscience. These men must also first be tested; then let them serve as deacons if they are beyond reproach. Women must likewise be dignified, not malicious gossips, but temperate, faithful in all things. Deacons must be husbands of only one wife, and good managers of their children and their own households. For those who have served well as deacons obtain for themselves a high standing and great confidence in the faith that is in Christ Jesus.”
    2.    Titus 1:5-9 “…appoint elders in every city as I directed you, namely, if any man is above reproach, the husband of one wife, having children who believe, not accused of dissipation or rebellion. For the overseer must be above reproach as God’s steward, not self-willed, not quick-tempered, not addicted to wine, not pugnacious, not fond of sordid gain, but hospitable, loving what is good, sensible, just, devout, self-controlled, holding fast the faithful word which is in accordance with the teaching, so that he will be able both to exhort in sound doctrine and to refute those who contradict.”

F. Serving as an example of our duty to others, Jethro exhibits hospitality, which in the Greek means love of strangers. Overseers or elders were to be hospitable. And is this case, it is biblical to reward Moses for his kindness to his daughters.

    1.    Titus 1:7,8 “For an overseer must be above reproach as God’s steward, not self-willed, not quick-tempered, not addicted to wine, not pugnacious, not fond of sordid gain, but hospitable, loving what is good, sensible, just, devout, self-controlled.”
    2.    1 Timothy 3:2 “An overseer, then must be above reproach, the husband of one wife, temperate, prudent, respectable, hospitable, able to teach.”
    3.    Leviticus 19:33,34 “When a stranger resides with you in your land, you shall not do him wrong. The stranger who resides with you shall be to you as the native among you, and you shall love him as yourself, for you were aliens in the land of Egypt; I am the LORD your God.”
    4.    Deuteronomy 14:29 “The Levite, because he has no portion or inheritance among you, and the alien, the orphan and the widow who are in your town, shall come and eat and be satisfied, in order that the LORD your God may bless you in all the work of your hand which you do.”
    5.    Hebrews 6:10 “For God is not unjust so as to forget your work and the love which you have shown toward His name, in having ministered and in still ministering to the saints.”
    6.    Matthew 25:31-40 “But when the Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the angels with Him, then He will sit on His glorious throne. All the nations will be gathered before Him; and He will separate them from one another, as the shepherd separates the sheep from the goats; and He will put the sheep on His right, and the goats on the left. Then the King will say to those on His right, ‘Come, you who are blessed of My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world. For I was hungry, and you gave me something to eat; I was thirsty, and you gave Me something to drink; I was a stranger, and you invited Me in; naked, and you clothed Me; I was sick, and you visited Me; I was in prison, and you came to see Me.’ Then the righteous will answer Him, ‘Lord, when did we see You hungry, and feed You, or thirsty, and give You something to drink? And when did we see You a stranger, and invite You in, or naked, and clothe You? When did we see You sick, or in prison, and come to You?’ The King will answer and say to them, ‘Truly I say to you, to the extent that you did it to one of these brothers of Mine, even the least of them, you did it to Me.’”
    7.    Hebrews 13:2 “Do not neglect to show hospitality to strangers, for by this some have entertained angels without knowing it.”

G. Of further importance is the fact that we know that Jethro had labored because he had something to share with this stranger.

    1.    Proverbs 28:19 “He who tills his land will have plenty of food, but he who follows empty pursuits will have poverty in plenty.”
    2.    Ephesians 4:28 “He who steals must steal no longer; but rather he must labor, performing with his own hands what is good, so that he will have something to share with one who has need.”
    3.    Acts 28:7 “Now in the neighborhood of that place were lands belonging to the leading man of the island, named Publius, who welcomed us and entertained courteously three days.”

H. In regard to Moses, we see that he, once again, rushes in to help. Indifferent to his own safety, his sense of justice directs his actions. His compassion on the helpless and his assistance in delivering these women, who were clearly in distress, were commendable traits any godly father would gladly hope for in a future spouse for his daughter.

Being insensible for his own safety, but sensible of the dealings of men in his Father’s kingdom, serves as a lesson that all God’s children are always to be sensible of the goings on in their Father’s kingdom and always right the wrong regardless of the circumstances. Here it shows that Moses was not above watering a flock that did not belong to him nor was he above attending to a matter that did not involve him.

    1.    Psalm 72:12 “For he will deliver the needy when he cries for help, the afflicted also, and him who has no helper.”
    2.    Jeremiah 22:16 “‘He pled the cause of the afflicted and needy; then it was well. Is not that what it means to know Me?’ declares the LORD.”
    3.    Psalm 82:3,4 “Vindicate the weak and fatherless; do justice to the afflicted and destitute. Rescue the weak and needy; deliver them out of the hand of the wicked.”
    4.    Isaiah 1:17 “Learn to do good; seek justice, reprove the ruthless, defend the orphan, plead for the widow.”

I. Regardless of the circumstances, God provides according to His purpose and in His good time. Here we see the providence of God in sending Moses to a man of repute to provide a wife of character and good reputation. God always blesses those who serve Him, and in this case, he gives Moses refuge, a place to call home, a wife and son, and a family of many.

Let this serve as a lesson that God will provide our children with spouses. We are not to worry but place our faith in God’s promise that He provides for all our needs; and how much more so, for something as important as godly spouses for our children.

    1.    Matthew 6:25-33 “For this reason I say to you, do not be worried about your life, as to what you will eat or what you will drink; nor for your body, as to what you will put on. Is not life more than food, and the body more than clothing? Look at the birds of the air, that they do not sow, nor reap, nor gather into barns, and yet your heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not worth much more than they? And who of you by being worried can add a single hour to his life? And why are you worried about clothing? Observe how the lilies of the field grow; they do not toil nor do they spin, yet I say to you that not even Solomon in all his glory clothed himself like one of these. But if God so clothes the grass of the field, which is alive today and tomorrow is thrown into the furnace, will He not much more clothe You? You of little faith! Do not worry then, saying, ‘What will we eat?’ or ‘What will we drink?’ or What will we wear for clothing?’ For the Gentiles eagerly seek all these things; for your heavenly Father knows that you need all these things. But seek first His kingdom and His righteousness, and all these things will be added to you.”
    2.    Luke 12:31 “But seek His kingdom, and these things will be added to you.”
    3.    Philippians 4:19 “And my God will supply all your needs according to His riches in glory in Christ.”
    4.    2 Corinthians 9:8 “And God is able to make all grace abound to you, so that always having all sufficiency in everything, you may have an abundance for every good deed.”
    5.    Psalm 84:11,12 “For the LORD God is a sun and shield; the LORD give grace and glory; no good thing does He withhold from those who walk uprightly. O LORD of hosts, how blessed is the man who trusts in You!”

J. Although Moses was educated, a prince, and a man of power in words and deeds, he willingly tended sheep, which God in turn used to prepare Moses for the difficult task of leading people. He was learning to serve Christ and his brethren.

Children, this education begins in the home as you serve your parents and your siblings. Parents, it is your responsibility to train your children to serve by giving them ample opportunity each day to serve you, their siblings, grandparents and older relatives—Christ like in sacrificing all for others.

Like Moses, Paul possessed an excellent education, position, and lineage, yet he considers himself a bondservant of Jesus Christ.

    1.    Acts 7:22 “Moses was educated in all the learning of the Egyptians and he was a man of power in words and deeds.”
    2.    Philippians 3:4-14 “Although I myself might have confidence even in the flesh. If anyone else has a mind to put confidence in the flesh, I far more; circumcised the eighth day, of the nation of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew of Hebrews; as to the Law, a Pharisee, as to zeal, a persecutor of the church; as to the righteousness which is in the Law, found blameless. But whatever things were gain to me, those things I have counted as loss for the sake of Christ. More than that, I count all things to be loss in view of the surpassing value of knowing Christ Jesus my Lord, for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and count them but rubbish so that I may gain Christ, and may be found in Him, not having a righteousness of my own derived from the Law, but that which is through faith in Christ, the righteousness which comes from God on the basis of faith, that I may know Him and the power of His resurrection and the fellowship of His sufferings, being conformed to His death; in order that I may attain to the resurrection from the dead.”
    3.    Romans 1:1 “Paul, a bond-servant of Christ Jesus, called as an apostle, set apart for the gospel of God.”
    4.    Titus 1:1 “Paul, a servant of God, and an apostle of Jesus Christ, according to the faith of God’s elect, and the acknowledging of the truth which is after godliness.”
    5.    Mark 10:42-45 “Calling them to Himself, Jesus said to them, ‘You know that those who are recognized as rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them; and their great men exercise authority over them. But it is not this way among you, but whoever wishes to become great among you shall be your servant; and whoever wishes to be first among you shall be slave of all. For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many.’”
    6.    Philippians 2:3-8 “Do nothing from selfishness or empty conceit, but with humility of mind regard one another as more important than yourselves; do not merely look out for your own personal interests, but also for the interests of others. Have this attitude in yourselves which was also in Christ Jesus, who, although He existed in the form of God, did not regard equality with God a thing to be grasped, but emptied Himself, taking the form of a bond-servant, and being made in the likeness of men. Being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross.”
    7.    1 Peter 5:1-7 “Therefore, I exhort the elders among you, as your fellow elder and witness of the sufferings of Christ, and a partaker also of the glory that is to be revealed, shepherd the flock of God among you, exercising oversight not under compulsion, but voluntarily, according to the will of God; and not for sordid gain, but with eagerness; nor yet as lording it over those allotted to your charge, but proving to be examples to the flock. And when the Chief Shepherd appears, you will receive the unfading crown of glory. You younger men, likewise, be subject to your elders; and all of you, clothe yourselves with humility toward one another, for God is opposed to the proud, but gives grace to the humble. Therefore humble yourselves under the mighty hand of God, that He may exalt you at the proper time, casting all your anxiety on Him, because He cares for you.”
    8.    Numbers 12:3 “Now the man Moses was very humble, more than any man who was on the face of the earth.”
    9.    Matthew 11:29 “Take My yoke upon you and learn from Me, for I am gentle and humble in heart, and you will find rest for your souls.”

V. Exodus 2:23-25 “Now it came about in the course of those many days that the king of Egypt died. And the sons of Israel sighed because of the bondage, and they cried out; and their cry for help because of their bondage rose up to God. So God heard their groaning; and God remembered His covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. God saw the sons of Israel, and God took notice of them.”

A. God certainly had not forgotten His people. As we have discussed earlier, the people had been worshipping Egypt’s idols and had become very much a part of the world, thus God had to drive it out of them through the world’s harsh treatment, otherwise they would not have been ready to depart. God often employs the rod of affliction as His ally in driving His people back to Him.

Prior to regeneration, although we are in bondage, we do not desire to leave the pleasures of this world. That is why it often becomes necessary for affliction to wean our hearts away from our worldly bents. Yet let us remember that no man would cry out to God for help unless God had made them willing. God works out His plan of welfare for His people.

    1.    Ezekiel 20:8 “But they rebelled against Me and were not willing to listen to Me; they did not cast away the detestable things of their eyes, nor did they forsake the idols of Egypt.”
    2.    Job 3:13 “But the godless in heart lay up anger, they do not cry for help when He binds them.”
    3.    Romans 3:11 “…there is none who seek for God.”
    4.    Psalm 10:4 “The wicked, in the haughtiness of his countenance, does not seek Him. All his thoughts are, ‘There is no God.’”
    5.    Proverbs 22:15 “Foolishness is bound up in the heart of a child; the rod of discipline will remove it far from him.”
    6.    Proverbs 13:24 “He who withholds his rod hates his son, but he who loves him disciplines him diligently.”
    7.    Psalm 94:12-15 “Blessed is the man whom You chasten, O LORD, and whom You teach out of Your law; that You may grant him relief from the days of adversity, until a pit is dug for the wicked. For the LORD will not abandon His people, nor will He forsake His inheritance. For judgment will again be righteous, and all the upright in heart will follow it.”
    8.    Jeremiah 29:11 “For I know the plans that I have for you, declares the LORD, plans for welfare and not for calamity to give you a future and a hope.”
    9.    Philippians 2:13 “For it is God who is at work in you, both to will and to work for His good pleasure.”
    10.    1 Kings 8:46-53 “When they sin against You (for there is no man who does not sin) and You are angry with them and deliver them to an enemy, so that they take them away captive to the land of the enemy, far off or near; if they take thought in the land where they have been taken captive, and repent and make supplication to You in the land of those who have taken them captive, saying, ‘We have sinned and have committed iniquity, we have acted wickedly’; if they return to You with all their heart and with all their soul in the land of their enemies who have taken them captive, and pray to You toward their land which You have given to their fathers, the city which You have chosen, and the house which I have built for your name; then hear their prayer and their supplication in heaven Your dwelling place, and maintain their cause, and forgive Your people who have sinned against You and all their transgressions which they have transgressed against You and make them objects of compassion before those who have taken them captive, that they may have compassion on them (for they are Your people and Your inheritance which You have brought forth from Egypt, from the midst of the iron furnace), that our eyes may be open to the supplication of Your servant and to the supplication of Your people Israel, to listen to them whenever they call to You. For You have separated them from all the peoples of the earth as Your inheritance, as You spoke through Moses Your servant, when You brought our fathers forth from Egypt, O Lord God.”
    11.    Leviticus 26:42 “Then I will remember My covenant with Jacob, and I will remember also My covenant with Isaac, and My covenant with Abraham as well, and I will remember the land.”
    12.    Numbers 20:16 “But when we cried out to the LORD, He heard our voice and sent an angel and brought us out from Egypt…”
    13.    Isaiah 44:21-23 “Remember these things, O Jacob, and Israel, for you are My servant; I have formed you, you are My servant, O Israel, you will not be forgotten by me. I have wiped out your transgressions like a thick cloud and your sins like a heavy mist. Return to me, for I have redeemed you. Shout for joy, O heavens, for the LORD has done it! Shout joyfully, you lower parts of the earth; break forth into a shout of joy, you mountains, O forest, and every tree in it; for the LORD has redeemed Jacob and in Israel He shows forth His glory.”

B. This applies to us as well.

    1.    Ephesians 2:1-9 “And you were dead in your trespasses and sins, in which you formerly walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, of the spirit that is now working in the sons of disobedience. Among them we too all formerly lived in the lusts of our flesh, indulging the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, even as the rest. But God, being rich in mercy, because of His great love with which He loved us, even when we were dead in our transgressions, made us alive together with Christ (by grace you have been saved), and raised us up with Him, and seated us with Him in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus, so that in the ages to come He might show the surpassing riches of His grace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus. For by grace you have been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God; not as a result of works, so that no one may boast.”
    2.    Titus 3:3-7 “For we also once were foolish ourselves, disobedient, deceived, enslaved to various lusts and pleasures, spending our life in malice and envy, hateful, hating one another. But when the kindness of God our Savior and His love for mankind appeared, He saved us, not on the basis of deeds which we have done in righteousness, but according to his mercy, by the washing of regeneration and renewing by the Holy Spirit, whom He poured out upon us richly through Jesus Christ our Savior, so that being justified by His grace we would be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.”
    3.    Hebrews 4:12-16 “For the word of God is living and active and sharper than any two-edged sword, and piercing as far as the division of soul and spirit, of both joints and marrow, and able to judge the thoughts and intentions of the heart. And there is no creature hiding from his sight, but all things are open and laid bare to the eyes of Him with whom we have to do. Therefore, since we have a great high priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession. For we do not have a high priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but One who has been tempted in all things as we are, yet without sin. Therefore let us draw near with confidence to the throne of grace, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need.”